Watermelon Cultivars (Ca-Cz)

To cultivars (A-B, D-G)

Hundreds of watermelon cultivars have been developed for use in the U.S. over the last few centuries by public and private plant breeders.

Below, the following information (when available) is given for each cultivar: fruit photograph, cultivar name, experimental designation, breeder, vendor, parentage, characteristics, resistances, similar cultivars, adaptation, and year of release.

Calhoun Gray – Breeder: North Louisiana Experiment Station, Calhoun, LA. Parentage: Calhoun Sweet x Charleston Gray. Resistance: anthracnose, fusarium wilt races 0 and 1. 1965.

Calhoun Sweet – Breeder: North Louisiana Expt. Sta., Calhoun. Vendor: Florida Tyner-Petrus Wholesale, West Monroe, La. Characteristics: good quality, early, prolific, drought and disease resistant, tender rind, local market type. Resistance: fusarium wilt, slightly resistant to anthracnose. Similar: Black Diamond. Adaptation: wide. Proc. SAWA. 1951.

California Klondike – Parentage: selection from Klondike. Similar: Klondike. 1933.

Calsweet – Breeder: Mr. Layton, California. Parentage: (Miles x Peacock) x Charleston Gray, the same parents as Allsweet, Crimson Sweet. Characteristics: 21 x 18 inch size, 20-30 lb., wide indistinct stripes, bright red flesh. Resistance: fusarium wilt.

Cardinal (XPH 5085) – Breeder and vendor: Asgrow Seed Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, early long-oval type with small seed with high seedling vigor. Similar: Calsweet. Adaptation: southwestern United States and Italy. 1985.

Carmen F1 – Breeder and vendor: Hollar and Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, medium-green exterior with dark gray-green stripes; oval shape, medium size. Resistance: fusarium wilt. Adaptation: western, midwestern, and southern United States, Australia, and the Middle East. 1985.

Carnival (RXW 118) – Breeder and vendor: Rogers. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, fruit have a blocky shape with Crimson Sweet rind color and weigh 22-26 lb, flesh is bright red and has 12-13 percent soluble solids and matures early. Resistance: fusarium wilt race 1, anthracnose race 1. Similar: Regency and Royal Sweet. 1995.

Carolina Cross #183 – Breeder and vendor: Burpee Seed. Characteristics: gigantic fruits, 200 lb. size, oblong fruit shape, light green rind with narrow dark green stripes, 100 days to harvest.

Charlee (F83CE) – Breeder: Central Florida Research and Education Center, University of Florida, Leesburg. Vendor: Petoseed Co. Parentage: Texas W5, Charleston Gray, and Calhoun Gray. Characteristics: plants are vigorous and fruit ripen early-midseason, fruit is similar in shape, appearance, and weight to Charleston Gray, flesh texture and flavor is better than that of Charleston Gray, Jubilee, and Crimson Sweet. Resistance: fusarium wilt races 0 and 1, anthracnose race 1. PVP. 1990.

Charleston ’76 (NCX 760) – Breeder and vendor: Niagara Chemical Div., FMC. Parentage: selection from Charleston Gray. Characteristics: brighter red flesh, blockier shape than Charleston Gray for easier shipping. Resistance: anthracnose and fusarium wilt. Similar: Charleston Gray. Adaptation: general. Amer. Veg. Grower, Dec. 1972.

Charleston Elite (NV 4300) – Breeder and vendor: Northrup, King and Co. Characteristics: open pollinated, fruits are long, cylindrical with blunt ends, averaging 24 lb, seeds are brown mottled. Resistance: fusarium wilt and anthracnose (race 1). Similar: Charleston Gray No. 133 and Charleston Gray No. 5. Adaptation: wide. 1983.

Charleston Express (NVH 4260) – Breeder and vendor: Northrup, King and Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, unique for earliness of maturity; produces smaller fruit than regular gray types, earliness is the primary distinguishing feature. Similar: Charleston Gray. 1988.

Charleston Gray (No. 51-27) – Breeder: Southeastern Veg. Breeding Laboratory, Charleston, S.C. Parentage: (((Africa 8 x Iowa Belle) x Garrison) x Garrison) x ((Hawkesbury x Leesburg) x Garrison). Characteristics: long, gray uniform shape, hard rind. Resistance: anthracnose, fusarium wilt, sunburn. Similar: Purdue Hawkesbury. Adaptation: universal regional. Seed Journals Oct. 1954.

Charleston Gray No.133 – Breeder: Mr. Stevenson, India. Parentage: Charleston Gray selected for higher wilt resistance. Characteristics: thinner rind; otherwise similar to Charleston Gray. Resistance: fusarium wilt. 1961.

Charleston Sweet (XP 2005) – Breeder and vendor: Asgrow Seed Co. Parentage: Charleston Gray x Asgrow line. Characteristics: more blocky than Charleston Gray, redder, sweeter flesh, small seed. Resistance: fusarium wilt. Adaptation: general. Asgrow Catalog. 1970.

Chris-Cross – Breeder: Chris Christensen, grower, Montrose, Iowa. Parentage: Hawkesbury x Dixie Queen. Characteristics: light green, dark stripe, black seed; oblong or oval shape, no white heart, no hollow heart; holds well after ripening. Resistance: fusarium wilt. Adaptation: wide, particularly to dry areas. 1950.

Colebrook – Breeder: E.M. Meader. Parentage: open pollinated selection from Korean cultivar Shingyamato. Characteristics: round, 10 lb. fruit, thick rind, striped pattern, bright red flesh, small brown seeds. Similar: Merrimack Sweetheart, Yankee Queen, Sweet Sugar. 1948.

Coles Early – Breeder and vendor: Coles Seed Store, Pella Iowa. 1892.

Condor (XPH 5080) – Breeder and vendor: Asgrow. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, an early, prolific Sugar Baby type, round, very dark outer color, no striping, excellent texture and flavor. Similar: Sugar Baby. 1983.

Congo – Breeder: USDA, Southeastern Vegetable Breeding Laboratory, Charleston, S.C. Parentage: (African x Iowa Belle) x Garrison. Characteristics: high quality and long bearing. Resistance: anthracnose. Adaptation: regional, to the southeastern United States. Southern Seedsman, Nov. 1949.

Conqueror – Breeder: Orton. Parentage: Eden x citron. Characteristics: insufficient fruit quality for commercial production; used to develop wilt resistant cultivars with acceptable fruit quality. Resistance: fusarium wilt. 1908.

Crimson Glory (PS 38485) – Breeder and vendor: Petoseed Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, good early shipper with excellent yields and round square fruit, rind has a bright green background color with Crimson Sweet rind pattern. Resistance: fusarium wilt. 1990.

Crimson Sweet (Kan. 60-6) – Breeder: Kansas State Univ., Manhattan. Parentage: (Miles x Peacock) x Charleston Gray. Characteristics: light green with dark stripe, fine texture, small dark seed, high sugar; excellent shipping quality. Resistance: anthracnose and fusarium wilt. Adaptation: general. Kansas State, 6 Feb. 1963.

Crimson Tide (NVH 4268) – Breeder and vendor: Northrup, King and Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, Crimson Sweet type, with a slightly darker stripe; fruit 24 lb, semi-elongated with small, dark-brown seeds; matures in Crimson Sweet class. Resistance: fusarium wilt. Similar: Crimson Sweet. Adaptation: wide. 1984.

Crimson Trio (NVH 4291) – Breeder and vendor: Northrup, King and Co. Characteristics: triploid, round seedless watermelon with Crimson Sweet rind pattern. Resistance: fusarium wilt; tolerance to anthracnose race 1. Similar: Tri-X-313. 1989.

Crisby (Nun 1839) – Breeder and vendor: Canners. Characteristics: very early Crimson Sweet type, round-oval shape, fruit weigh 7-9 kg and have red flesh and small brown seeds. 1989.

Cuban Queen – Breeder and vendor: W. Atlee Burpee. 1881.