Watermelon Cultivars (A-B)

To cultivars (Ca-Cz)

Hundreds of watermelon cultivars have been developed for use in the U.S. over the last few centuries by public and private plant breeders.

Below, the following information (when available) is given for each cultivar: fruit photograph, cultivar name, experimental designation, breeder, vendor, parentage, characteristics, resistances, similar cultivars, adaptation, and year of release.

We know of 300 watermelon varieties, and are working to collect seeds and pedigree information on them. Additional tetraploids are being produced in the greenhouse for testing in the field.


Africa 8 – Breeder: Rev. Rush Wagner, Old Umtali Mission, South Africa. Parentage: selection from accession sent by Wagner to Layton. Characteristics: round fruit, flaccid sweet red flesh, early maturity. Resistance: anthracnose. 1937.

Alabama Giant – Breeder: Willard Cole, Fort Payne, Ala. Parentage: cross between Cole’s All Heart, Congo, and Black Diamond. Characteristics: long, striped melon; deep, red meat with dark seeds; good shipper. Adaptation: sandy soil. 1955.

Alena – Breeder: Newe Yaar Expt. Station, Haifa, Israel. Parentage: tetraploid developed by colchicine treatment of Sugar Baby seedlings. Characteristics: has classic polyploid features such as broader and thicker leaves, less branching, and slower growth than diploids, seed number per fruit is about 70 compared with 500-1000 in diploid Sugar Baby, flesh is darker red and firmer than that in Sugar Baby. 1981.

All Heart – Breeder: Willard Cole, Fort Payne, Ala. Parentage: Black Diamond x Congo x Dixie Queen. Characteristics: oblong, green with darker green stripe, red meat; seeds white with dark tip end. Resistance: fusarium wilt. Adaptation: high sandy soil. 1950.

Allsweet (Kansas 70-1,2,3) – Breeder: Kansas Agr. Expt. Sta., Manhattan. Parentage: [(Miles x Peacock) x Charleston Gray]. Characteristics: long cylinder shape, broken stripe; very sweet, firm flesh with small dark-brown seeds. Resistance: fusarium wilt and anthracnose (except race 2). Similar: Crimson Sweet for quality. Adaptation: general. 1972.

Almora (XPH 964) – Breeder and vendor: Asgrow. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, hybrid of Sugar Baby type with lighter rind color. Similar: Sugar Baby. 1986.

Angeleno – Parentage: possibly from Chilean watermelons or Chilean Black Seeded cultivar.

Assal (XPH 5082) – Breeder and vendor: Asgrow Seed Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, an early maturing semi-round type, somewhat darker green than Chilean Black.; about 17 pounds; very high fruit set. Similar: Chilean Black. Adaptation: wide. 1985.

AU-Golden Producer (AU-83-1003CSY) – Breeder: Alabama Agric. Expt. Station, Auburn University. Vendor: Hollar and Co. Parentage: mutant of AU-Producer. Characteristics: similar in appearance to AU-Producer but flesh is a bright yellow-orange color. Resistance: fusarium wilt, anthracnose, gummy stem blight. 1993.

AU-Jubilant (AU-1) – Breeder: Alabama Agric. Expt. Station, Auburn University. Vendor: Hollar. Parentage: Jubilee x PI 271778. Characteristics: elongated fruit with narrow, dark green stripes on a light green background weigh 35-40 lb. Resistance: anthracnose race 2, fusarium wilt, gummy stem blight. Similar: Jubilee. 1985.

AU-Producer (AU-3) – Breeder: Alabama Agric. Expt. Station, Auburn University. Vendor: Hollar. Parentage: Crimson Sweet x PI 189225. Characteristics: round fruit with medium-wide dark green stripes on a light green background weigh 25-30 lb. Resistance: anthracnose race 2, fusarium wilt, gummy stem blight. Similar: Crimson Sweet. 1985.

AU-Sweet Scarlet (AW-82-50CS) – Breeder: Alabama Agric. Expt. Station, Auburn University. Vendor: Hollar and Co. Parentage: Crimson Sweet, PI 189225, Allsweet, PI 362515, Calhoun Sweet and Fusarium wilt Resistant Peacock. Characteristics: fruit are round to oblong in shape and similar in rind color to AU-Producer and weigh 4-6.5 kg, flesh is bright red and firm. Resistance: fusarium wilt races 0 and 1, anthracnose race 2, gummy stem blight. 1995.

Baby Gray (PSX 36585) – Breeder and vendor: Petoseed Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, Icebox watermelon, gray-green in color with excellent shipping qualities. Resistance: fusarium wilt. 1990.

Baby Klondike – Breeder: Vegetable Crops Dept., Univ. of California, Davis. Parentage: Baby Delight x Klondike R-7. Characteristics: round, green, 10 to 12 pounds, red flesh, small tan seeds. Resistance: fusarium wilt. Adaptation: southwestern and southern United States. Calif. Agr. 6:15. 1952.

Baronet (XPH 962) – Breeder and vendor: Asgrow Seed Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, dark-green, cylindrical fruit, (20 to 24 pounds) small-seeded, with concentrated set. Similar: Picnic in color. Adaptation: southwestern United States, Mexico, and the Middle East. 1984.

Black Diamond, Yellow Belly – see Superior Black Diamond.

Blacklee – Breeder: Watermelon and Grape Investigations Laboratory, Florida Agr. Expt. Sta., Leesburg. Parentage: Leesburg x Hawkesbury. Characteristics: excellent internal quality, no hollow-heart or white heart, thin rind, good shipping qualities. Resistance: fusarium wilt. Similar: Kleckley Sweet. Adaptation: United States. Fla. Agr. Expt. Sta. Press Bul. 605. 1944.

Blackstone – Breeder: Southeastern Veg. Breed. Lab., Charleston, S.C. Parentage: Florida Giant, Fairfax. Characteristics: very prolific, good sizes, good quality shipper. Resistance: anthracnose; tolerant to fusarium wilt. Similar: Florida Giant. 1956.

Blue Belle (XP 765) – Breeder and vendor: Asgrow Seed Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, fruit small, round-oval; versatile for bulk shipping and local markets. Resistance: fusarium wilt. Similar: Sugar Baby. Adaptation: wide. 1977.

Brownlee – Breeder: Mr. Walker, Florida. Parentage: Leesburg x Hawkesbury. Characteristics: thin rind, good internal quality, sweet crisp red flesh with hollow heart or white heart. Similar: Kleckley Sweet. 1941.

Burpee’s Fordhook Hybrid – Breeder and vendor: W. Atlee Burpee Co., Philadelphia, Penn. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, early, prolific, small seeds and excellent quality; flesh bright red; weight 12 to 14 pounds. Similar: Sunnybrook. Adaptation: wide. Burpee catalog. 1958.

Bush Baby II (NVH 4274) – Breeder and vendor: Northrup, King and Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, bush type (3 to 5 feet across); round fruit with dark-green exterior; some green stripes; fruit averages 7 to 10 pounds; earlier than Sugar Baby. Resistance: fusarium. Similar: Sugar Baby. Adaptation: wide. 1985.

Bush Charleston Gray (82-4041) – Breeder: P.Yorty. Vendor: Musser Seed Co. Characteristics: plants 3-4′ diameter with fruit 60-70% the size of Charleston Gray, smaller seeds and finer flesh than Charleston Gray. Similar: Charleston Gray. PVP. 1983.

Bush Desert King – Breeder: Texas Agr. Expt. Sta., College Station. Parentage: mutation in Desert King. Characteristics: a distinct plant type; short internodes, dense foliage, fruit are Desert King type. Adaptation: southern United States. 1957.

Bush Jubilee (84-4052) – Breeder: P.Yorty. Vendor: Musser Seed Co. Characteristics: plants 3-4′ diameter, dwarf plants with fruit 60-70% the size of Jubilee. Seeds are smaller and the flesh has a finer texture than Jubilee. Similar: Jubilee. PVP. 1983.