Vegetable Cultivar Descriptions for North America – Tomato (J-R)

Lists 1-27 Combined

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J. Moran – Breeder and vendor: Ferry-Morse Seed Co., Mountain View, California. Parentage: Pearson x outcross selection from California 55. Characteristics: large vine late canner and shipper in California; late maturity for long season areas. Resistance: tolerant to fusarium wilt. Similar: Pearson. 1949.

Jack (PSXGH340456) – Breeder and vendor: Petoseed. Characteristics: indeterminate plants, large, oblate fruit. Resistance: verticillium wilt race 1, fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, nematodes, tobacco mosaic virus, gray leaf spot, alternaria stem canker. Similar: May. 1993.

Jackpot (Expt. Market Hybrid no. 9) – Breeder and vendor: Ferry-Morse Seed Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, very early, high yield, smooth fruit. Resistance: verticillium wilt, fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, nematodes, alternaria stem canker, and gray leaf spot. Similar: Royal Flush. Adaptation: California and Florida. 1976.

Jet Star (LW 27) – Breeder and vendor: Joseph Harris Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, indeterminate vine, second early, heavy yield of firm large, normal ripening fruit; fresh-market type. Resistance: verticillium and fusarium wilts; tolerant of cracking. Similar: Moreton Hybrid. Adaptation: northern United States. Joseph Harris Co. Catalog 1969.

Jetsetter (012633) – Breeder and vendor: Petoseed. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, fresh market, indeterminate, large smooth fruit, light green shoulder. Resistance: verticillium wilt race 1, fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, gray leaf spot, alternaria stem canker, nematodes, tomato mosaic virus. Adaptation: home gardens United States. Similar: Jack. 1998.

Johnny Jumpup (BV-5) – Breeder: Prov. Hort. Sta., Brooks, Alberta, Canada. Vendor: Billy Hepler Co., Durham, New Hampshire. Parentage: Burbank x Farthest North. Characteristics: high yielding, small fruit, seven to nine on one hand; small leaves; small to medium plants. Resistance: leafroll. Similar: Farthest North. Adaptation: Alberta, Canada.

Jolly Elf – Breeder and vendor: Siegers Seed Company. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: grape tomato; grows on a 5-ft determinate plant; has extended market life on the plant and on the shelf; fruit have glossy red color; weighs between 8 and 15 g; have an average of 10% brix. 2005.

Jubilee – Breeder and vendor: W. Atlee Burpee Co., Philadelphia. Parentage: six-generation selection from Tangerine x Rutgers cross. Characteristics: large orange tomato with very meaty interiors and mild flavor, deep globe-shaped fruit. Similar: Sunray. Adaptation: wide, except in northernmost portions. Burpee Catalog 1943.

Jumbo Hybrid – Breeder and vendor: Burgess Seed and Plant Co., Galesburg, Michigan. Characteristics: medium vines, good foliage, globe shaped, extra large, red, mild fruit. Similar: Big Boy, Burgess Catalog. 1961.

Kabob – Breeder and vendor: Burgess Seed and Plant Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, prolific, fruit red, small (about 1.5 x 1.25 inches); vines determinate; developed for barbecuing whole and for salads. Similar: Early Salad Hybrid. Adaptation: wide. 1965.

Kamuka (173992) – Breeder: John Bill. Vendor: Seminis-Petoseed. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: processor tomato, large determinate plant, deep blocky fruit, firm. Resistance: ASC, FW, H, St, TSWV, V. Similar: PS 52815. Adaptation: Argentina, South Africa. 2000.

Kauai – Breeder: Veg. Crops Dept., University of Hawaii, Honolulu. Parentage: complicated crosses of L. peruvianum, L. pimpinellifolium, and eight cultivars of L. esculentum. Characteristics: medium early, medium open, indeterminate habit, good vigor; immature fruit, uniform very light green, medium large, globe, size holds up. Resistance: fusarium wilt, gray leaf spot, Hawaiian spotted wilt. Adaptation: regionally to Hawaii, cooler elevations and seasons. Hawaii Agric. Expt. Sta. Bul. 103. April, 1950. 1950

Kenearly – Breeder: Canada Dept. of Agr., Kentville, Nova Scotia. Vendor: Lowdens Plants and Seeds, Ancaster, Ontario. Characteristics: dwarf habit for backyard or window box, early, adaptable to cool temperatures. Adaptation: Atlantic provinces of Canada. 1970.

Keno (FMX 98) – Breeder and vendor: Ferry-Morse. Characteristics: jointless fresh market hybrid, high yielding, large fruited, firm, good flavor, smooth, good foliage cover, suitable for short stakes or bush culture. Resistance: nematodes, verticillium wilt race 1, fusarium wilt race 1, gray leaf spot, alternaria stem canker. 1988.

Keystate Hybrid – Breeder and vendor: Pennsylvania Agric. Expt. Sta., University Park. Parentage: Rutgers x Pritchard F1. Characteristics: plant vigorous and productive. Adaptation: midwestern and northeastern United States. Paper no. 1566, Penn. Agric. Expt. Sta. 1949.

Keystone 40-46 – Breeder and vendor: Corneli Seed Co., St. Louis. Parentage: a selection out of experimental breeding material. Characteristics: fruit of very good quality and Rutgers size or slightly larger. Resistance: some tolerance of late blight. Similar: Rutgers. Corneli Catalog. 1946.

Kings – Breeder: Campbell Soup Co., Riverton, New Jersey and W.B. Kille, Swedesboro, New Jersey. Vendor: W.B. Kille. Parentage: Valiant x Ontario. Characteristics: early market cultivar that crops heavy and ripens red, splendid flavor. Similar: Valiant, Ontario. Adaptation: central and northeastern region of the United States. 1952.

Kolea – Breeder and vendor: University of Hawaii Agric. Expt. Sta., Honolulu. Parentage: (HES 4969 x Oahu) x Oahu. Characteristics: large fruit; early, compact, determinate vine. Resistance: root knot, common race of root-blunt nematodes, fusarium wilt, gray leaf spot, and spotted wilt virus. Similar: Oahu. 1957.

Kopiah – Breeder: Truck Crops Branch Sta., Crystal Springs, Mississippi. Parentage: (Rutgers x Lycopersicon pimpinellifolium) F3 x Early Rutgers. Characteristics: vigorous plant, good yield and smooth fruit, intense red ripe color. Resistance: fusarium wilt. Similar: Rutgers. Adaptation: regionally to Mississippi, Louisiana, and the midwestern United States. Miss. Mf. Sheet 474. 1953.

Kyndia – Breeder and vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, fresh market, medium-large fruit. Resistance: verticillium wilt race 1, fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, tomato mosaic virus, corky root rot, nematodes. Adaptation: Rootstock for greenhouses with corky root or nematodes.

L1626 – Breeder and vendor: Libby, McNeill, and Libby. Parentage: Garden State x Red Top. Characteristics: midseason, medium upright compact vine, semi-plum fruit (4-5 pound) with good color and crack resistance; for hand harvest. Adaptation: midwestern United States. 1972.

L2624A – Breeder and vendor: Libby, McNeill, and Libby. Parentage: Red Top x Fireball. Characteristics: very early, small compact plant with good fruit setting ability and crack resistance; paste type fruit (11 per pound) with good color and firmness for mechanical harvest. Similar: Nova. Adaptation: midwestern United States. 1972.

L2624C – Breeder and vendor: Libby, McNeill, and Libby. Parentage: Red Top x Fireball. Characteristics: medium early, medium size plant with good setting ability and crack resistance; semi-plum fruit (4-5 per pound) with good color; for mechanical and hand-harvest. Adaptation: midwestern United States. 1972.

L2624H – Breeder and vendor: by Libby, McNeill, and Libby. Parentage: Red Top x Fireball. Characteristics: early small plant with fair to good setting ability and crack resistance; semi-plum fruit (5-6 per pound) with good color; for mechanical harvest. Adaptation: midwestern United States. 1972.

L300OR – Breeder and vendor: Libby, McNeill, and Libby. Parentage: mutant from Pocomoke x KC 146 jointless. Characteristics: midseason to late, large plant with good fruit setting ability and crack resistant; paste type fruit (9 per pound), firm, jointless and suitable for mechanical harvest. Resistance: fusarium wilt. Similar: Roma. Adaptation: midwestern United States. 1972.

La Bonita (M-15) – Breeder: Texas Agric. Expt. Sta., Weslaco. Parentage: (Texas 211-1.557 x Texas 21-3.556). Characteristics: fruit plum-shaped, red, weighs 2 ounces; vine small, compact, suitable for machine harvest. Resistance: fusarium wilt and gray leaf spot. Similar: Chico. Adaptation: southwestern United States. Texas Ext. Leaf. 614. 1964. 1963.

La Rossa (NVH 4762) – Breeder and vendor: Northrup King. Characteristics: pear shaped processing type, fruit are firm with thick walls, excellent internal color, the locule number is usually two-three, vines are large, very vigorous with outstanding fruit color; use for whole peel, pear pack, slicing, dicing, wedging and sauce. Resistance: verticillium wilt race 1, fusarium wilt races 1 and 2. Similar: Peto 1488, Castlestar, Castlelong, Marcero. 1986.

Lanai – Breeder: Veg. Crops. Dept., University of Hawaii, Honolulu. Parentage: complicated crosses of Lycopersicon peruvianum, L. pimpinellifolium, and six cultivars of L. esculentum. Characteristics: medium early, determinate, open sprawling vine, good vigor, immature fruit uniform light green color; mature fruit scarlet, medium-large, deep. Resistance: fusarium wilt, gray leaf spot, Hawaiian spotted wilt. Adaptation: regionally to Hawaii with the exception of the warmest and coolest elevations and seasons. Hawaii Agric. Expt. Sta. Bul. 103 April, 1950. 1950.

Large German Cherry (OSU 439) – Breeder: likely Prof. Baur of Berlin; selection at Oregon State University, Corvallis. Parentage: likely Klondine Red x Lycopersicon pimpinellifolium. Characteristics: early, large, cherry, prolific; indeterminate vines; good crack resistance except burst type; few locule, sweet taste. Adaptation: northern areas of United States.

Largess (XPH 5205) – Breeder and vendor: Asgrow. Characteristics: summer, fall, tomato, early yield of large fruit. Resistance: verticillium wilt race 1, fusarium wilt race 1, nematodes, gray leaf spot. Similar: Sonar, Sunny. 1987.

Largo Hybrid – Breeder and vendor: Petoseed Co., Ventura, California. Parentage: unknown. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, fruit large, uniform color gene of Big Boy type. Adaptation: central and eastern United States. Peto catalog. 1952.

Lassan (CXD 101) – Breeder and vendor: Campbell. Characteristics: firm, round, midseason hybrid, high solids, compact vine. Resistance: verticillium wilt race 1, fusarium wilt races 1 and 2. Similar: UC 204C. 1985.

Leading Lady (Sunex 6620) – Breeder and vendor: Sunseeds. Characteristics: fresh market, medium large, semi-determinate vine, jointed pedicel, uniform ripening, globe shaped fruit, 160-180 g, extremely firm fruit, small stem and blossom end scars. Resistance: verticillium wilt race 1, fusarium races 1 and 2, alternaria stem canker, gray leaf spot. Similar: Cobia. 1995.

Legand (OSU-195) – Breeder: J.R. Baggett. Vendor: Oregan State Agricultural Experiment Station. Parentage: Centennial x Osu-167. Characteristics: determinate, parthenocarpic, most seedless, early maturing, large fruited, resistant to races of late blight. Similar: Siletz and Oregon Spring. Adaptation: Pacific northwest and other cool areas. 2000.

Lemon Boy – Breeder and vendor: Petoseed. Characteristics: 72 day maturity, lemon colored fruit, deep globe, 6 oz or 170 g, green shoulder, large, indeterminate plants. Resistance: verticillium wilt race 1, fusarium wilt race 1, nematodes, alternaria stem canker, gray leaf spot. Adaptation: home garden, local markets. 1984.

Lenor – Breeder and vendor: Sunseeds. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, fresh market, large determinate, medium-large fruit, long shelf life, outstanding fruit quality and color. Resistance: verticillium wilt race 1, fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, gray leaf spot. Adaptation: Florida, Mexico. 1995.

Liberator (E7200) – Breeder and vendor: Ferry-Morse Seed Co. Characteristics: open pollinated, medium early, determinate; firm, medium large market tomato with jointless pedicel and uniform green immature fruit. Resistance: verticillium wilt, fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, gray leaf spot. Similar: Florida MH-1. Adaptation: California and Florida. PVP. 1981.

Liberty – Breeder and vendor: Abbott and Cobb. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, a distinct cultivar; small to medium determinate vine, jointless, large deep globe fruit, midseason maturity. Resistance: verticillium wilt and fusarium wilt races 1 and 2. Adaptation: wide. 1979.

Libra (PSX GH40779) – Breeder and vendor: Petoseed. Characteristics: deep oblate, green shoulder, excellent color, slightly ribbed, medium to large sizes, large indeterminate plant for greenhouse or fresh market. Resistance: verticillium wilt race 1, tobacco mosaic virus. 1987.

Liri (XP 4052) – Breeder and vendor: Asgrow. Characteristics: very firm fruit. Resistance: verticillium wilt race 1, fusarium wilt races 1 and 2. Similar: UC 82. 1987.

Little Dandy – Breeder and vendor: Agway. Characteristics: prolific, indeterminate, fruit size ideal for quartering for salad. Adaptation: northeastern United States. Agway Catalog 1967.

Little Girl (N/A) – Breeder and vendor: W. Atlee Burpee and Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: cherry tomato, early tasty fruit weighs 16 to 21 grams, high sugar content and sweet taste; plants have short internodes, with indeterminate growth habit. Resistance: V, F1,2, ToMV, N. Similar: Super Sweet 100. Adaptation: wide. 2000.

Little King (78-113) – Breeder and vendor: Goldsmith Seeds. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, prolific indeterminate cherry tomato with 1- to 1.5 inch fruit; very flavorful with high sugar content. Resistance: verticillium wilt, fusarium wilt race 1, nematodes, tobacco mosaic virus, alternaria stem canker. Similar: Large Red Cherry. Adaptation: wide. 1980.

Lollipop – Breeder and vendor: Asgrow Seed Co. Parentage: VF 36 x Tiny Tim. Characteristics: small-fruited cherry type; heavy set on small, compact, determinate vines. Adaptation: general. 1964.

Long Keeper – Breeder and vendor: W.A. Burpee Co. Characteristics: open pollinated, a distinct cultivar; unique tomato that ripens to a light orange-red exterior color and red flesh; keeps in storage as long as 5 months in edible condition. Resistance: none claimed. Adaptation: wide. 1979.

Loran Blood (Utah VR4) – Breeder: Utah State Agr. College, Logan, Utah, and USDA. Parentage: Utah No. 665 (Peru Wild), several L. esculentum cultivars (the last of which was Stone). Characteristics: non-determinate vine, about a week earlier than Stone. Resistance: verticillium wilt. Similar: Stone. Adaptation: regionally to northern Utah. Utah Farm and Home Sci. 13:74-75. 1952.

Loreto (PS 1830837) – Vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds-Petoseed. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: indeterminate, fresh market saladette, vigorous plant, good set jointed pedicel, uniform green, very tall plants with excellent fruit coverage, constant set, fruits are uniform in shape, extra large size. Resistance: Root knot nematode, Fusarium wilt, Alternaria stem canker, tomato mosaic, Verticillium wilt race 1. Similar: Tequila; Romana; Xena; Silvestre. Adaptation: Mexico, South America. 2002.

Loteria (FMX 86) – Breeder and vendor: Ferry-Morse. Characteristics: midseason jointless pole type with smooth, firm, noncurly foliage, good fruit cover, light green shoulder. Resistance: cracking, verticillium wilt race 1, fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, alternaria stem canker, gray leaf spot. 1988.

Louisiana All-Seasons – Breeder: Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge. Vendor: Reuter. Parentage: Louisiana Pink and Break O’Day. Characteristics: sets fruit under high temperatures. Resistance: fusarium wilt. Similar: Stone. Adaptation: Gulf Coast. La. Agric. Expt. Sta. Ann Rpt. 1947-48. 1950.

Louisiana Dixie – Breeder: Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge. Vendor: Reuter. Parentage: Louisiana Pink and Walter Richard (Gulf States selection). Characteristics: plants vigorous, deep globe, pink fruit. Resistance: fusarium wilt, cracking. Similar: Globe. Adaptation: Gulf Coast area. La. Agric. Expt. Sta. Ann. Rpt. 1942-43. 1936.

Louisiana Gulf State (Gulf State) – Breeder: Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge. Vendor: Reuter. Parentage: Gulf State Market. Characteristics: uniform strain of Gulf State, high yield, vigorous. Similar: Gulf State Market. Adaptation: southern U.S. Reuter Catalog 1949. 1936.

Lucky Draw (FMX 55) – Breeder and vendor: Ferry-Morse. Characteristics: an extremely smooth fruited, jointless market tomato with medium early maturity and green shoulders while immature, the flavor is excellent. Resistance: verticillium wilt race 1, fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, gray leaf spot, alternaria stem canker. Similar: Flora-Dade. 1980.

Lucky Lady – Breeder and vendor: Sunseeds. Characteristics: fresh market, medium-large vine, normal joint, uniform ripening, large, deep oblate fruit, very tight blossom end scar. Resistance: verticillium wilt race 1, fusarium wilt race 1, nematodes, alternaria stem canker, gray leaf spot. Similar: Shady Lady.

Lumina (90-22) – Breeder and vendor: Dessert’s Cal Seed. Characteristics: dual purpose, determinate, 130 g blocky deep globe fruit. Resistance: verticillium wilt race 1, fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, alternaria stem canker, nematodes. Adaptation: wide. 1995.

Luscious (PS 150053) – Breeder: Jim Waltrip. Vendor: Seminis-Petoseed. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: indeterminate plant, beef type fruit, large deep oblate, green shoulder, smooth, very good flavor. Resistance: ASC, FW, St, ToMV, V. Adaptation: home garden. 2000.

Mac Pink (M-53) – Breeder: Horticultural Dept., MacDonald Campus of McGill University, Ste Anne De Bellevue, Canada. Vendor: W.H. Perron and Co. Parentage: (unnamed pink selection x Homestead) x Coldset. Characteristics: compact, determinate habit, deep globe, pink fruit, 4.5 ounces, excellent flesh quality, good early yield, higher marketable yield than Fireball. Resistance: tolerant of fusarium wilt and verticillium wilt. Adaptation: southwestern Quebec, Canada. 1974.

Macero (NCX 3009) – Breeder and vendor: FMC. Parentage: selection from Pr70. Characteristics: open pollinated; prostrate vine; long, uniform ripening, deep red, pear-shaped fruit, medium solids, high consistency; excellent bush handling properties. Resistance: verticillium and fusarium wilts. Similar: UC65. Adaptation: western machine harvest areas. 1975.

Macero II (NCX 3028) – Breeder and vendor: FMC. Parentage: selection from UC-122. Characteristics: open pollinated; medium-large pear with good peeling qualities, good yield, harvests and bulk hauls well. Resistance: verticillium and fusarium wilts. Similar: Macero. Adaptation: California or dry at harvest. 1977.

Madona (92-75) – Breeder and vendor: Dessert’s Cal Seed. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, fresh market, semi-determinate, deep oblate fruit. Resistance: verticillium wilt race 1, fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, alternaria stem canker, nematodes, tomato mosaic virus. 1995.

Mainpak – Breeder and vendor: Joseph Harris Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, large fruit, semi-determinate growth habit; main season. Resistance: none claimed. Similar: Ace. Adaptation: northeastern United States. 1975.

Majestad (SSC 1020) – Breeder and vendor: Shamrock Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: strong, determinate plant with good cover; firm and good sized fruit (110 to 120 g); bright red at maturity. Resistance: Verticilium, Fusarium (race 1, 2), nematodes, bacterial speck. Similar: Rio Grande. Adaptation: all tomato growing regions. 2003.

Majesty (XPH 10010) – Breeder and vendor: Asgrow. Characteristics: extra-large, deep oblong, fresh market hybrid medium-tall vigorous vine. Resistance: verticillium wilt race 1, fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, alternaria stem canker. Similar: Sunbeam. 1995.

Mammoth Wonder – Breeder and vendor: Burgess Seed and Plant Co., Galesburg, Michigan. Parentage: eight generations of selective inbreeding from hybrid of Marglobe, Bonny Best, and a pink uniform-color type. Characteristics: fairly stocky, bushy plants of indeterminate season; large, smooth, globular fruit of uniform green and bright red color. Burgess Catalog. 1955.

Manahill – Breeder and vendor: Gulf Coast Expt. Sta., Bradenton, Florida. Parentage: W41-3-2 x CR1. Resistance: gray leaf spot, fusarium wilt, and Alternaria diseases. Similar: Grothen’s Globe. Proc. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 1949.

Manalee (VCL 11-Step 225) – Breeder: Gulf Coast Expt. Sta., University of Florida, Bradenton. Parentage: complex, by line breeding. Characteristics: earliness, open vine, large stem and leaves. Deep globe, red fruit. Resistance: fusarium wilt, gray leaf spot, early blight, and Cladosporium leafmold. Similar: Grothen’s Globe. Adaptation: regionally to the Florida Gulf Coast and adjacent sand land. Fla. Agric. Expt. Sta. Circ. S-72. 1954.

Manasota – Breeder and vendor: Florida Agric. Expt. Sta., Gainesville. Parentage: wilt resist selection of W41 x Valiant. Characteristics: earliness and quality of fruit. Resistance: fusarium wilt race 1. Similar: Stokesdale. Adaptation: limited. 1949.

Mandarin Joy (25140) – Breeder and vendor: Petoseed. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, large plant, 105 g blocky fruit. Resistance: verticillium wilt race 1, fusarium wilt race 1, gray leaf spot, alternaria stem canker, nematodes. Adaptation: home gardens United States. 1998.

Manhattan (VCLW) – Breeder and vendor: Joseph Harris Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, fruit red, medium large, flattened globe, green shoulder, early, tolerant to cracking; plant indeterminate. Similar: Moreton Hybrid. Adaptation: northeastern United States. 1963.

Manitoba – Breeder and vendor: Expt. Farm, Morden, Manitoba, Canada. Parentage: (Marglobe x Bounty) x Redskin. Characteristics: early maturing, medium large, smooth fruit. Similar: Bounty. Adaptation: southern Canadian prairies. 1956.

Maranda (XPH 5133) – Breeder and vendor: Asgrow Seed Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, Marmande fruit shape. Similar: Marmande RAF. Adaptation: Spain and Italy. PVP. 1985.

Margarith (STM 5810) – Breeder and vendor: Sakata. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, fresh market, large roma type. 1998.

Mariaitalia (159278) – Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds-Petoseed. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: fresh market indeterminate tomato with large fruit size (180-250 grams, unfirom color for greenhuse crops, very early maturity, short internodes, firm fruit. Resistance: Fusarium wilt races 0, 1, 2, root knot nematode, tomato mosaic, Verticillium wilt race 1. Similar: Noa. Adaptation: South America. 2003.

Mariana – Breeder and vendor: Sakata Seed America, Inc. Characteristics: Determinate saladette, compact plant with large to extra-large, high quality fruit, high yield potential. Resistance: Verticillium wilt race 1, Fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, alternaria stem canker, gray leaf spot, nematodes. Adaptation: wide, staked and ground culture. 2002.

Marina (STM 4808) – Breeder and vendor: Sakata Seed America. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, fresh market, roma. Resistance: verticillium wilt race 1, fusarium wilt race 1 and 2, nematodes, alternaria stem canker, gray leaf spot, bacterial speck race 0. Adaptation: California, Florida, Mexico. 1996.

Marion – Breeder and vendor: South Carolina Agric. Expt. Sta., Charleston. Parentage: (Pan American x L. pimpinellifolium ) x (Pan America x Homestead). Characteristics: 1 week earlier and larger fruit than Rutgers. Resistance: fusarium wilt and gray leaf spot. Similar: Rutgers. Adaptation: southeastern United States. 1960.

Marmande (XP4024) – Breeder and vendor: Asgrow. Characteristics: uniform selection of large fruit, green shoulders for protected culture. Similar: Marmande RAF. 1987.

Martha Washington – Breeder and vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Midseason, local fresh market. Fruit oblate, pink, soft, multilocular, green shoulder, flavorful, avg. 227–340 g. Indeterminate. Adaptation: temperate. 2012.

Matt’s Wild Cherry – Origin: Mexico, land race, S. lycopersicum cerasiforme. Vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Characteristics: early, local fresh market. Fruit round, red, soft, green shoulder, highly flavorful, avg. 10 g. Vigorous indeterminate. Resistance: early blight (horizontal), late blight (horizontal.) Adaptation: wide. 1986.

Maui – Breeder: Veg. Crops Dept., University of Hawaii, Honolulu. Parentage: complicated crosses of L. peruvianum, L pimpinellifolium, and seven cultivars and lines of L. esculentum. Characteristics: medium early, determinate, sprawling, open, vigor medium to good; immature fruit uniform very light green; mature fruit scarlet, medium-large globe. Resistance: fusarium wilt, gray leaf spot, Hawaiian spotted wilt. Adaptation: regionally to Hawaii, moderate elevations and seasons. Hawaii Agric. Expt. Sta. Bul. 103 April 1950. 1950.

Maxim PS (PSX 27281) – Breeder and vendor: Petoseed. Characteristics: deep globe for stake and bush culture, early, jointed pedicel, medium size determinate plants. Resistance: fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, verticillium wilt race 1, alternaria stem canker, gray leaf spot; tolerance to some strains of southern bacterial wilt. 1985.

Maya (PS SM10) – Breeder and vendor: Petoseed. Characteristics: square type for fresh market saladette type, firm fruit, good shelf life. Resistance: verticillium wilt race 1, fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, gray leaf spot, bacterial speck. Similar: Peto 81. 1993.

Mechanical Harvester 1205VF (E1205) – Breeder and vendor: Ferry-Morse Seed Co. Characteristics: open pollinated, some salt tolerance, high yield, mechanical harvest type, uniform ripening. Resistance: verticillium and fusarium wilts. Similar: VF 145-21-4. Adaptation: California. 1977.

Mecheast 22 (Mech 1054) – Breeder and vendor: Petoseed Co. Characteristics: compact, determinate, long fruit for mechanical harvest. Resistance: verticillium wilt and fusarium wilt race 1. Adaptation: southern and eastern United States. New Seeds for the World. 1968.

Medford (OSU 395) – Breeder: Oregon State University, Corvallis. Parentage: Campbell Soup 10 x Pennheart. Characteristics: determinate vine, good fruit cover; early to medium early, fruit medium to large, uniform color gene, maintains good size, solid, good flavor and internal color. Adaptation: southern Oregon.

Merced (NVH 4461) – Breeder and vendor: Northrup King. Characteristics: extremely smooth, large, deep globe shaped fruit, typically has smooth blossom end and shoulders, fruit stems are jointed. Resistance: verticillium wilt race 1, fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, tobacco mosaic virus, gray leaf spot. Similar: Sunny, Jackpot. 1991.

Meteor – Breeder: Expt. Sta., Morden, Manitoba, Canada. Vendor: T and T Seeds, Winnipeg, Canada. Parentage: (Earlinorth x Bonton) x Bonton. Characteristics: early ripening, deep smooth fruit, pale green when immature, bright red when ripe. Adaptation: regionally to southern and central Canadian prairies. Mimeo Can. Dept. Agr. 1952.

MHVF 6203 (F6203) – Breeder and vendor: Ferry-Morse Seed Co. Characteristics: open pollinated, a distinct cultivar, square round fruit, machine harvestable, good size, and viscosity, high solids; matures slightly earlier than 7879 with excellent concentration. Resistance: fusarium wilt race 1, verticillium wilt race 1, and alternaria stem canker. Adaptation: wide. 1979.

MHVF 9209 (E9209) – Breeder and vendor: Ferry-Morse Seed Co. Characteristics: open pollinated, very firm fruited, square round type; early maturing, stems well, excellent for whole peeling, large fruit with higher solids than UC82. Resistance: fusarium wilt race 1, verticillium wilt race 1, and alternaria stem canker. Similar: UC82. Adaptation: wide. 1980.

MHVF Hybrid 596 (10C-X596) – Breeder and vendor: Ferry-Morse Seed Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, a distinct cultivar, high yielding medium early; fruit are deep globe, good size, firm with thick walls, high color, good solids. Resistance: fusarium wilt race 1, verticillium wilt race 1, and alternaria stem canker. Adaptation: California. 1980.

MHVF Hybrid 785 (10C-X785) – Breeder and vendor: Ferry-Morse Seed Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, a distinct cultivar, large fruit, high solids, round, green shouldered, firm, thick-walled fruit; good color, pH, and viscosity. Matures similar to 7879. Resistance: verticillium wilt race 1, fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, alternaria stem canker. Adaptation: California. 1980.

MHVF Hybrid 789 (FMX 789) – Breeder and vendor: Ferry-Morse. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, early processing type for whole peeling, smooth uniform sized fruit with excellent interior color, high yielding, easy stemming. Resistance: verticillium wilt race 1, fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, alternaria stem canker. Similar: 3202. 1983.

Micro-Gemma (Fla. 7878) – Breeder and vendor: Univ. of Florida, Bradenton. Parentage: Micro-Gold x PI 270248 (Sugar). Characteristics: miniature dwarf, determinate, 6 g fruit, uniform green shoulders, early, gold fruit color. Resistance: fusarium wilt race 1, gray leaf spot. Adaptation: greenhouse culture in small pots or hanging baskets. Similar: Micro-Gold. 1999.

Micro-Gold (Fla. 7564) – Breeder and vendor: University of Florida, Bradenton. Parentage: Fla. Petite, Fla. Basket, Ohio 4014-4, Ohio 4013-3 and several breeding lines. Characteristics: miniature-dwarf, determinate plant habit with small gold colored fruit, shoulders are uniform green in color. Resistance: fusarium wilt race 1, gray leaf spot. Adaptation: greenhouse culture in pots or hanging baskets. HortScience 30:643-644. 1995.

Micro-Tina (Fla. 7876) – Breeder and vendor: Univ. of Florida, Bradenton. Parentage: Micro-Tom x PI 270248 (Sugar). Characteristics: miniature dwarf, determinate, 6 g fruit, uniform green shoulders, early, sweeter flavor than Micro-Tom. Resistance: fusarium wilt race 1, gray leaf spot. Adaptation: greenhouse culture in small pots or hanging baskets. Similar: Micro-Tom. 1999.

Micro-Tom (Fla. 7191) – Breeder: University of Florida, Bradenton. Vendor: Royal Sluis. Parentage: Florida Basket x Ohio 4013-3. Characteristics: miniature dwarf, determinate plant habit with small 6 g fruit, shoulders are uniform green, early. Resistance: fusarium wilt race 1, gray leaf spot. Adaptation: greenhouse culture in small pots or hanging baskets. Fla. Agric. Expt. Sta. Circ. S-370. 1989.

Milagro (PSM36579) – Breeder and vendor: Petoseed. Characteristics: 71 day maturity, 6-7 oz or 170-200 g, deep oblate fruit, green shoulder, jointed, medium size determinate plants. Resistance: verticillium wilt race 1, nematodes, gray leaf spot, fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, alternaria stem canker, tobacco mosaic virus. 1986.

Milano [NVH 4757 (GSV4-2367)] – Breeder and vendor: Northrup, King Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, early midseason, firm, pear-shaped processing type; jointed and uniform ripening for peeling; good internal color and vine cover. Resistance: verticillium wilt race 1 and fusarium wilt races 1 and 2. Similar: Castle Star, GS-31, Early Pear 1488. Adaptation: California. 1985.

Mingo (XPH 5979) – Breeder and vendor: Asgrow. Characteristics: dual purpose hybrid pear-elongate fruit type. Full season maturity. Large, determinate vine. Resistance: verticillium wilt race 1, fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, nematodes, bacterial speck. 1997.

Mingold – Breeder: University of Minnesota, St. Paul. Vendor: McFaden Seed Co. Parentage: Bonny Best and a numbered strain. Characteristics: smooth, early, yellow fruit. Adaptation: fairly general. Minn. Hort. 67:65, 1939. 1938.

Mini Charm – Breeder and vendor: D. Palmer Seed Co., Inc. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: indeterminate cherry/cocktail tomato; can be grown as an open field or greenhouse variety; may bear 20 to 60 fruit per cluster; bright red; good shelf-life; high sugar content and special flavor. 2005.

Mini Red Cherry – Breeder and vendor: Burgess Seed and Plant Co. Characteristics: regular size cherry fruit on small plant. Burgess 1969 catalog. 1968.

Mini Red Currant – Breeder and vendor: Burgess Seed and Plant Co. Characteristics: regular currant fruit on small compact plant. Burgess catalog. 1968.

Mini Red Pear – Breeder and vendor: Burgess Seed and Plant Co. Characteristics: regular red pear fruit on small compact plant. Burgess catalog 1960. 1968.

Mini Red Plum – Breeder and vendor: Burgess Seed and Plant Co. Characteristics: regular red plum fruit on small compact plant. Burgess catalog 1969. 1968.

Mini-Rose (Ottawa 85) – Breeder: Central Expt. Farm, Ottawa, Canada. Vendor: W.H. Perron and Co. Parentage: Summerland 58-19 x Ottawa 30. Characteristics: early, pink cherry, vigorous determinate. Resistance: verticillium wilt race 1 and late blight. Adaptation: eastern Canada and United States. Can. J. Plant Sci. 50:358 May 1970.

Mini-Spartan – Breeder and vendor: Michigan Agric. Expt. Sta. Parentage: Tiny Tim x MSU 68-216. Characteristics: a distinct cultivar, open pollinated, jointless, small tomato. Resistance: fusarium wilt race 1 and verticillium wilt race 1. 1980.

Miracle Sweet (PS 9101) – Breeder and vendor: Petoseed. Characteristics: indeterminate, greenhouse type, small, 100-130 g, oblate, green shoulder. Resistance: verticillium wilt race 1, fusarium wilt race 1, nematodes, tobacco mosaic virus. Similar: Moneymaker. 1994.

Miramar (118253) – Breeder: John Bill. Vendor: Seminis-Petoseed. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: indeterminate medium vigorous plant, medium internode, oblate fruit, 150-180 grams, slightly ribbed. Resistance: ASC, FW 1&2, N, ToMV, V. Similar: Gloria. Adaptation: Mexico. 2000.

Miroma (RFT 0992) – Breeder and vendor: Syngenta Seeds, Inc./Rogers Brand. Characteristics: raises the bar for determinate saladette tomatoes in California’s San Joaquin Valley; in trials, this large, blocky, deep-red saladette produced high yields of smooth, firm, principally extra-large and large fruit approximately 5 days earlier than Monica. 2005.

Missouri (XP 4051) – Breeder and vendor: Asgrow Seed Co. Characteristics: open pollinated, large-fruited, jointless pedicel. Resistance: verticillium wilt race 1 and fusarium wilt race 1. Similar: Rio Grande. Adaptation: Italy. PVP. 1986.

Missouri S-34 – Breeder: University of Missouri, Columbia. Vendor: Corneli Seed Co. Parentage: Earliana x Lycopersicon pimpinellifolium no. 160 x Break-O-Day x Bonny Best x Break-O-Day, O, S, S, x Rutgers F10. Characteristics: fairly large and dense vine, fruit medium large, deep, nearly globular shape, firm, heavy, deep-scarlet color; ripens slowly at shoulder. Resistance: high to fusarium wilt. Similar: Break-O-Day. Adaptation: Missouri, Tennessee, and Florida. Corneli Catalog 1951.

Mistic (AVX 8384) – Breeder and vendor: Sunseeds. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, midseason, jointless, fresh-market tomato with large, deep fruit. Resistance: verticillium wilt race 1 and fusarium wilt races 1 and 2. Similar: Sunny. Adaptation: Florida and Mexico.

MoCross Supreme Hybrid – Breeder: University of Missouri, Columbia. Parentage: 12-St-9 x K146. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, early red-fruited stake type, very prolific; heavy foliage. Resistance: fusarium wilt. Mo. Veg. News., Oct. 1959. 1961.

MoCross Surprise Hybrid – Breeder: University of Missouri, Columbia. Parentage: Mozark x Sioux (Early Red). Characteristics: F1 hybrid, early, prolific, uniform ripening, resistant to radial cracking; heavier foliage than Sioux. Resistance: fusarium wilt. Adaptation: midwestern United States. Mo. Veg. News, Oct. 1959. 1960.

Mogambo (Sunre 6568) – Breeder and vendor: Sunseeds. Characteristics: medium vine size, extremely high percentage of grade 1, extra large fruit with excellent disease resistance. Resistance: verticillium wilt race 1, fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, nematodes, gray leaf spot. Similar: Celebrity. 1989.

Moira (ST-11) – Breeder: Smithfield Expt. Farm, Trenton, Ontario, Canada. Vendor: Stokes Seeds. Parentage: [(Blitz x High Crimson) x High Crimson) x Trent)]. Characteristics: high Crimson color and good cover. Similar: Trent and Crimson. Adaptation: northeastern United States and Canada. 1972.

Molokai – Breeder: Veg. Crops Dept., University of Hawaii, Honolulu. Parentage: complicated crosses of L. peruvianum, L. pimpinellifolium, and seven cultivars and lines of L. esculentum. Characteristics: medium early, semi-open, stocky vine, vigor medium; immature fruit uniform very light green; ripe fruit scarlet, medium large, deep. Resistance: fusarium wilt race 1, gray leaf spot, Hawaiian spotted wilt. Adaptation: regionally to Hawaii, moderate elevations and seasons. Hawaii Agric. Expt. Sta. Bul. 103. April, 1950. 1950.

Monaco (FMX 104A) – Breeder and vendor: Ferry-Morse. Characteristics: jointless, market hybrid for bush or short stake production, fruit is large, smooth firm, better fruit set and earlier maturity than Keno. Resistance: fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, nematodes, verticillium wilt race 1, gray leaf spot, fair to cracking. Similar: Sweepstakes. 1990.

Monarca (SSC 1454) – Vendor: Shamrock Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: high yielding and widely adapted Saladette type; indeterminate plant with vigorous growth and thick, sturdy branches able to withstand pruning to one or two stems; uniform crop of large fruit weighing 3.5-4.5 ounces; oblong shaped fruit with uniform, red coloring; excellent shipping quality and a relatively long shelf life; 80-90 days relative maturity. Resistance: Verticilium (race 1), Fusarium (race 1, 2), bacterial speck. Adaptation: tomato growing regions of Mexico. 2004.

Monarch Hybrid – Breeder: Agric. Expt. Sta., Morden, Manitoba, Canada. Parentage: Bounty x Early Chatham F-1. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, small plants, early ripening, smooth fruited. Adaptation: southern Canada. Canada Dept. of Agr. Mimeo., 1954. 1953.

Monica (STM 5810) – Breeder and vendor: Sakata Seed America, Inc. Characteristics: Determinate saladette, large, vigorous plant with large to extra large fruit, tapered, good flavor, deep red color. Resistance: Verticillium wilt race 1, Fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, alternaria stem canker, gray leaf spot, bacterial speck. Adaptation: wide, ground culture in California. 2000.

Monroe – Breeder and vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, fresh market, early season, good shelf life and color. Resistance: Fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, tomato mosaic virus.

Monte Carlo (6427) – Breeder and vendor: Petoseed Co. Characteristics: indeterminate, vigorous, large fruit. Resistance: verticillium wilt, fusarium wilt, and root-knot nematodes. Similar: Manalucie. Adaptation: southern and eastern United States. New Seeds for the World. 1970.

Monte Verde PVP (NC 73388) – Breeder: North Carolina State Univ., Fletcher. Vendor: Ferry-Morse. Parentage: F7 from Flora-Dade x Summit. Characteristics: Fresh market, tall determinate, mid-late season, large, deep oblate to flattened globe, green shoulders, small blossom scar, jointless. Resistance: fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, verticillium wilt race 1. Similar. ‘Colonial’ but smoother blossom scars. Adaptation: eastern United States. HortScience 34:940. 1999.

Montello (XP4005) – Breeder and vendor: Asgrow Seed Co. Characteristics: open pollinated, vigorous indeterminate plant for greenhouse culture; blossom end is indented. Resistance: none claimed. Similar: San Marzano. 1981.

Moran 3053 (NCX3053) – Breeder and vendor: Moran Seeds. Characteristics: open pollinated, a distinct cultivar, processor type. medium size compact plant, firm, globe green shouldered fruit with jointed pedicel; excellent quality. Resistance: alternaria stem canker, fusarium wilt race 1, and verticillium wilt race 1. Adaptation: processing tomato areas. PVP. 1983.

Moran Perfected – Breeder and vendor: Ferry-Morse Seed Co., Mountain View, California. Characteristics: plants large, determinate, vigorous and compact; fruit have green shoulders ripening to scarlet; shape slightly flattened, large and pick easily; developed for processing and market. Adaptation: California and Arizona. Ferry-Morse, 30 Apr. 1964.

Morden – Breeder: Experimental Farm, Morden, Manitoba, Canada. Vendor: Patmore Nurseries, Brandon, Manitoba, Canada. Parentage: Bestal x Round Smooth. Characteristics: orange-yellow ripe fruit. Adaptation: short season gardens. Canada Dept. Agr. Circ. 1945.

Morden BB3 – Breeder: Morden Res. Sta., Morden, Manitoba, Canada. Vendor: T and T Seeds. Parentage: Marglobe x Bounty. Characteristics: fruit large and early ripening. Similar: Sheyenne. Adaptation: Plains region. 1955.

Morden Yellow (RO8) – Breeder: Morden Res. Sta., Morden, Manitoba, Canada. Vendor: McKenzie Seed Co. Parentage: Bestal x Round Smooth. Characteristics: fruit deep yellow with occasional red suffused blotches at blossom end. Similar: Yellow Bounty. Adaptation: Plains region. C.D. Agr. Proc. Publ. 1952. 1950.

Moreton Hybrid – Breeder and vendor: Joseph Harris Co., Rochester, New York. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, early, indeterminate plant; heavy yielder of large normal-ripening fruit; high quality. Adaptation: eastern United States and southern Canada. Harris catalog 1953.

Mosage – Breeder and vendor: Missouri Agric. Expt. Sta., Columbia. Parentage: Earliana, Lycopersicon pimpinellifolium, Break-O-Day, Bonny Best, Rutgers. Characteristics: large red fruit, indeterminate vine, midseason, productive. Resistance: fusarium wilt race 1. Similar: Break-O-Day. Adaptation: midwestern stake culture. Mo. A.E.S. Bul. 681.

Moto-Red – Breeder: Michigan State University, East Lansing. Parentage: Spartan Red x PI 235673. Characteristics: greenhouse cultivar, vigorous plants, red fruit. Resistance: fusarium wilt race 1, tobacco mosaic virus strain 1. Mich. Agric. Expt. Sta. Quart. Bul. 50. 1969.

Mountain Belle (NC 8642D) – Breeder: North Carolina State University, Fletcher. Vendor: Rogers. Parentage: NC 1C x NC 2C. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, cherry, determinate, midseason, jointless pedicel, uniform green shoulders. Resistance: fusarium wilt race 1, verticillium wilt race 1. Adaptation: eastern United States and Canada. HortScience 28:349-350, 1993. 1990.

Mountain Crest (NC 98100) – Breeder: North Carolina State University. Vendor: Nunhems. Parentage: F1 hybrid of NC 84173PVP · NC 1 rinEC. Characteristics: Long shelf life rin hybrid for vine ripe production, large to extra large, smooth, firm, highly crack resistant fruit with good external and interior color and flavor, tall determinate plant with good foliage cover, moderate heat set ability. Resistance: Fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, Verticillium wilt race 1. HortScience 41:261–262. 2002.

Mountain Delight (NC 84100) – Breeder: North Carolina State University, Fletcher. Vendor: Petoseed Co. Parentage: Piedmont x NC 8288. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, fresh market, large determinate, mid-late season, uniform green, flat-round, medium-large fruit. Resistance: fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, verticillium wilt race 1. Similar: Mountain Pride but shorter vine and larger fruit. HortScience 25:989-990, 1990. 1987.

Mountain Fresh (NC 88289, STEP 724) – Breeder: North Carolina State University. Vendor: Ferry-Morse. Parentage: NC 84173 x NC 109. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, fresh market, tall determinate, light green shoulders, smooth blossom scar, large size, flattened globe. Resistance: fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, verticillium wilt race 1. Adaptation: eastern United States. 1992.

Mountain Fresh Plus (HMX 2807) – Breeder and vendor: Harris Moran Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: deteminate type; vigorous plant; extra large round fruit. Resistance: Fusarium (race 1, 2), Verticillium wilt (race 1), M. Similar: Saladette, Roma. Adaptation: California, eastern U.S. 2003.

Mountain Glory – Breeder: North Carolina State University. Vendor: Rogers division of Syngenta. Parentage: F1 hybrid of NC 84173PVP · NC 58S. Characteristics: Fresh market type for vine ripe production, similar to Mountain Spring but TSWV resistant, medium tall determinate plant with slight foliage curl, concentrated set of extra large, very firm, highly crack resistant fruit with pinpoint blossom end scars. Resistance. Fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, Verticillium wilt race 1, tomato spotted wilt virus. 2007.

Mountain Gold – Breeder: North Carolina State University, Fletcher. Vendor: Rogers. Parentage: UF-D78044, Piedmont, NC 8288. Characteristics: fresh market, tall determinate, uniform green shoulders, medium-large fruit, flattened globe, firm, yellow-orange color. Resistance: fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, verticillium wilt race 1. HortScience 28:348-349, 1993. 1990.

Mountain Magic (NC 0650) – Breeder: North Carolina State University. Vendor: Bejo Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid of NC 2 CELBR· NC 2 grape. Characteristics: Compact indeterminate cocktail type, similar to Campari but adapted to field production for vine ripe production; firm, crack resistant, high sugar, good flavor, extended shelf life rin hybrid. Resistance: Fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, Verticillium wilt race 1, early blight, late blight (heterozygous Ph-2 and Ph-3 genes). HortScience 46:1321–1323. 2008.

Mountain Majesty (NC 0848) – Breeder: North Carolina State University. Vendor: HMClause. Parentage: F1 hybrid of NC 714 · NC 1CS. Characteristics: Fresh market type for vine ripe/ mature green harvest, tall determinate, mid season, extra large, smooth, firm, crack resistant fruit, excellent interior color (homozygous crimson). Resistance: Fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, Verticillium wilt race 1, tomato spotted wilt virus. HortScience 46:1321–1323. 2011.

Mountain Merit (NC 0694) – Breeder: North Carolina State University. Vendor: Bejo Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid of NC 123S · NC 1CELBR. Characteristics: Fresh market type for vine ripe/ mature green harvest, tall determinate, mid season, extra large, smooth, firm, crack resistant fruit. Resistance: Fusarium wilt races 1, 2, and 3, Verticillium wilt race 1, root knot nematodes, tomato spotted wilt virus, late blight (heterozygous Ph-2 and Ph-3 genes). HortScience 45:1547–1548. 2010.

Mountain Pride (NC 7984) – Breeder and vendor: North Carolina State University, Fletcher. Parentage: Cherokee x NC 50-7. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, fresh market, large, determinate, late season, medium-large, flat-round fruit. Resistance: fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, verticillium wilt race 1. Adaptation: southeastern United States. HortScience 17:92-93, 1982. 1981.

Mountain Spring (NC 87127, STEP 710) – Breeder: North Carolina State University, Fletcher. Vendor: Rogers. Parentage: NC 8276 x NC 84173. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, fresh market, determinate, early-midseason, light green shoulders, large, deep oblate, very firm fruit. Resistance: fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, verticillium wilt race 1. Adaptation: eastern United States. HortScience 27:1233-1234, 1992. 1990.

Mountain Supreme (NC 87294, STEP 714) – Breeder: North Carolina State University. Vendor: Asgrow. Parentage: NC EBR3 x NC EBR4. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, fresh market, tall determinate, late season, medium size, light green shoulders, deep oblate. Resistance: early blight, Alternaria solani, fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, verticillium wilt race 1. Adaptation: eastern United States. 1992.

Mozark – Breeder and vendor: Missouri Agric. Expt. Sta., Columbia. Parentage: Earliana, Lycopersicon pimpinellifolium, Break-O-Day, Bison, Greater Baltimore. Characteristics: early, concentrated set, uniform ripening, heat tolerant, some resistance to cracking; determinate vine. Resistance: fusarium wilt race 1. Similar: Bison. Adaptation: midwestern United States. Lambeth, V. N., 1958, The Mozark tomato. Res. Bull. Mo. Agric. Ep. Sta, 680:8. 1958.

Muriel – Breeder and vendor: Sakata Seed America, Inc. Characteristics: Saladette type with comparable shape, yield, and size to Monica; jointed and has a uniform shoulder. Similar: Monica. Resistance: nematodes, tomato spotted wilt virus. Adaptation: performs well in the Southeast. 2005.

Murrieta (NCX 3020) – Breeder and vendor: FMC Corp. Characteristics: open pollinated, small deep globe fruit that peels, harvests and bulk hauls well. Resistance: verticillium and fusarium wilts. Similar: Peelette. Adaptation: California or dry at harvest. 1977.

Mustang Hybrid – Breeder and vendor: Agric. Expt. Sta., Morden, Manitoba, Canada. Parentage: Bounty x Redskin F-1. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, early ripening. Deep bodied fruit, pale green when immature, bright red when ripe; somewhat tolerant to Septoria. Adaptation: Canada prairies, Montana, and North Dakota. Canada Dept. of Agr. Mimeo., 1954. 1952.

My Baby – Breeder and vendor: Burpee. 1999.

Mykonos (PS 151123) – Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds-Petoseed. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: fresh market type; medium-large determinate plant; large deep oblate fruit; uniform green, very firm; good mature color; ripens well with ethylene. Resistance: Stemphylium solani / gray leaf spot; Fusarium wilt race 1, 2; tomato mosaic; tomato yellow leaf curl; Verticillium wilt race 1; Alternaria stem canker. Similar: Acclaim, Shady Lady. Adaptation: California. 2003.

Mystro (AVX 6002) – Breeder and vendor: Sunseeds. Characteristics: open pollinated, early; blocky fruit for processing; peels well. Resistance: verticillium wilt and fusarium wilt race 1. Adaptation: wide.

Nahomi (NVH 4475) – Breeder and vendor: Rogers. Characteristics: bacterial wilt resistant, globe shape, 71 day maturity, determinate, green shouldered. Resistance: verticillium wilt race 1, fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, bacterial wilt. Similar: Capitan. 1993.

Nautico (FMX 1023) – Breeder: Court Nichols. Vendor: Harris Moran. Characteristics: F1 hybrid. Resistance: verticillium wilt race 1, fusarium wilt race 1, nematodes, bacterial speck. 1997.

Navidad – Breeder and vendor: Syngenta Seeds, Inc., Rogers Brand Vegetable Seeds. Characteristics: remains firm throughout the distribution chain; maintains its shape during environmental stress. 2002.

NCX 315 VF (NCX 315) – Breeder and vendor: Niagara Chemical Div., FMC. Parentage: VF 13L x pear type. Characteristics: early, concentrated set for machine harvest, round uniform green fruit; deep red color and very small core. Resistance: verticillium and fusarium wilts. Similar: VF 145-21-4. Adaptation: western United States. 1969.

NCX 317 VF (NCX 317) – Breeder and vendor: Niagara Chemical Div., FMC. Parentage: VF 13L x pear type. Characteristics: concentrated set for machine harvest, round firm uniform green fruit; deep, red color with small core. Resistance: verticillium and fusarium wilts. Similar: VF 145-21-4. Adaptation: western United States. 1969.

Nema 1200 – Breeder and vendor: Petoseed. Characteristics: 108 day maturity direct seeded, processor, firm round peeler, 2.9 oz, apple green shoulder, medium viscosity, 5.1-6.1 percent soluble solids, medium size determinate plants, concentrated set. Resistance: fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, verticillium wilt race 1, nematodes, gray leaf spot. 1985.

Nema 1201 – Breeder and vendor: Petoseed. Characteristics: 74 day maturity transplant, processor, square 1.9 oz or 54 g, uniform green shoulder, medium viscosity, 4.5-5.7 percent soluble solids, medium determinate plants, concentrated sets, jointless. Resistance: verticillium wilt race 1, fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, bacterial speck, gray leaf spot, alternaria stem canker, nematodes. 1985.

Nema 1400 – Breeder and vendor: Petoseed. Characteristics: 117 day maturity direct seed, processor, round peeler, 3.2 oz, uniform green, medium viscosity, 5.4-6.4 percent soluble solids, medium large determinate plant, concentrated set. Resistance: verticillium wilt race 1, fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, nematodes, gray leaf spot. 1985.

Nema 1401 – Breeder and vendor: Petoseed. Characteristics: 118 direct seed, processor, blocky 3 oz, uniform green, medium high viscosity, 5.3-6.3 percent soluble solids, medium large determinate plants, concentrated set. Resistance: verticillium wilt race 1, fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, nematodes, alternaria stem canker. 1985.

Nemared – Breeder and vendor: Oklahoma Agric. Expt. Sta., Stillwater. Parentage: Lycopersicon esculentum x L peruvianum with three bc to L. esculentum. Characteristics: determinate, uniform ripening, globe fruit; midseason. Resistance: root-knot nematodes. Similar: Sioux. Adaptation: Oklahoma and the southwestern United States. 1962.

Neptune (Fla. 7421) – Breeder and vendor: University of Florida, Bradenton. Parentage: Hawaii 7997, Florida 1C, Campbell 28, Cl 11d, and Walter. Characteristics: tolerance to heat, fresh market type, determinate vine, early, medium size, flat-round fruit, medium-firm, light-green shoulders, irregular blossom scars. Resistance: fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, verticillium wilt race 1, gray leaf spot; tolerance to bacterial wilt. Adaptation: Florida. HortScience 30:641-642. 1995.

New Hampshire Victor – Breeder: Dept. of Hort., University of New Hampshire, Durham. Vendor: Hepler Seed Co. Parentage: Allred x Marglobe. Characteristics: early determinate plant with good foliage and large red fruit of uniform color. Similar: Victor. Adaptation: regionally to northern areas. N.H. Agric. Expt. Sta. Bul. 380:6 1950. 1946.

New Ida (208-2-88) – Breeder and vendor: University of New Hampshire. Characteristics: very early determinate, open, fruit golden (tangerine), elongate, 65-70 g, firm, meaty, small core, no blotch, no blossom scar. Resistance: verticillium wilt race 1, fusarium wilt race 1, moderate to cracking. Similar: Idagold. Adaptation: northerly short season areas.

New Jersey 300 (161-J and Hybrid A) – Breeder: Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey. Vendor: Veg. Growers Assn. of New Jersey. Parentage: Fireball x Ferguson. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, determinate growth, early maturity; concentrated yields; ability to set fruit under cold conditions, fruit slightly flattened, 1 to 5 ounces, firm, few cells, uniform ripening gene, resistant to cracking. Similar: Fireball. Adaptation: mid-Atlantic United States. 1963.

New Yorker (Geneva 799) – Breeder: New York Agric. Expt. Sta. (Geneva). Vendor: Joseph Harris Co. Parentage: (Geneva 11 x Rhode Island) x Fireball. Characteristics: extremely early, concentrated ripening; fruit red, medium sized, uniform ripening. Resistance: verticillium wilt, late blight (race o). Similar: Fireball. Adaptation: northeastern United States. 1966.

Niagara VF 316 (NCX 316) – Breeder and vendor: Niagara Chemical Div., FMC Corp. Characteristics: midseason, mechanical harvest type for processing with moderate crack resistance; good yield of fruit with moderately high solids and high consistency. Resistance: verticillium and fusarium wilt. Similar: Mars, but smaller fruit. Adaptation: Yugoslavia. 1972.

Niagara VF 318 (NCX 318) – Breeder and vendor: Niagara Chemical Div., FMC Corp. Parentage: selection of VF 145A. Characteristics: small crown set, uniform ripening, high yield for machine harvest; processing type. Resistance: verticillium and fusarium wilts. Similar: VF 145-2-4. Adaptation: California. Niagara Tomato Release 1-1972.

Niihau – Breeder: Veg. Crops Dept., University of Hawaii, Honolulu. Parentage: complicated crosses of L. peruvianum, L. pimpinellifolium, and eight cultivars of L. esculentum. Characteristics: midseason determinate, sprawling, semi-open, plants with good vigor immature fruit uniform very light green; mature fruit scarlet, flattish globe. Resistance: fusarium wilt, gray leaf spot, Hawaiian spotted wilt. Adaptation: regionally to Hawaii, moderate temperatures; does well in home gardens. Hawaii Agric. Expt. Sta. Bul. 103 April, 1950. 1950.

Nodak – Breeder and vendor: Idaho Agric. Expt. Sta., Moscow. Parentage: P109 x Sub-Arctic Early. Characteristics: short determinate vine, very early season, medium-large fruit, cold tolerance. Adaptation: home and market gardens in cool growing areas. North Dakota Farm Research 47:14-15. 1989.

Norcal (UC 204-C) – Breeder and vendor: Petoseed. Characteristics: uniform round fruit, medium to firm, good processing quality. Resistance: verticillium wilt race 1, fusarium wilt races 1 and 2. 1990.

Northern Delight – Breeder and vendor: Idaho Agric. Expt. Sta., Moscow. Parentage: Pixie x Sub-Arctic Early. Characteristics: short determinate vine, very early season, small fruit, cold tolerance. Adaptation: home and market gardens in cool growing areas. North Dakota Farm Research 47:14-15. 1989.

Nova – Breeder: New York Agric. Expt. Sta., Geneva. Vendor: Joseph Harris Co. Parentage: New Yorker x Roma VF. Characteristics: early, elongated, high solid, crack resistant fruit, concentrated maturity. Resistance: verticillium wilt, fusarium wilt race 1, and alternaria stem canker. Similar: Red Top. 1976.

Oahu – Breeder: Veg. Crops Dept., University of Hawaii, Honolulu. Parentage: complicated crosses of L. peruvianum, L. pimpinellifolium, and eight cultivars of L. esculentum. Characteristics: early determinate medium open, short compact vine with fair vigor; immature fruit uniform, very light green; mature fruit scarlet, medium large globe. Resistance: fusarium wilt, gray leaf spot, Hawaiian spotted wilt. Similar: Bounty. Adaptation: regionally to Hawaii, warmest elevations and seasons. Hawaii Agric. Expt. Sta. Bul. 103. April, 1950. 1950.

Octavio – Vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seed. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, fresh market, indeterminate, small fruit, uniform ripening, extended shelf life, cluster type.

Odessa (NCX 3021) – Breeder and vendor: FMC Corp. Characteristics: open pollinated, medium deep globe fruit that peels, harvests and bulk hauls well. Resistance: verticillium and fusarium wilts. Similar: Peelette. Adaptation: California, Russia, and hot dry conditions. 1977.

Ohio 736 (OA1800-3) – Breeder and vendor: Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center. Parentage:[ (Heinz 1630 x VF 145-B-7879)F3 x Campbell 28] x Ohio 2070. Characteristics: early-season processing tomato, small-medium prostrate vine, globe shaped 85 g fruit, small stem scar and core, uniform ripening (u) determinate. Resistance: fusarium wilt race 1; tolerance to verticillium wilt races. Adaptation: midwest and eastern United States and Canada. 1977.

Ohio 832 (O7868) – Breeder and vendor: Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center. Parentage: Purdue 7323 x [(VF34) x ((UC98 x Campbell 28) x (Ohio 2170 x VF Roma))] F6. Characteristics: early to main season processing tomato, medium upright to semi-prostrate vine, determinate (sp), blocky to plum shaped 95 g fruit, small stem scar and core, uniform ripening (u), crimson (ogc from Purdue 7323). Resistance: fusarium wilt race 1, verticillium wilt race 1. Adaptation: midwest, eastern United States, and Canada. 1986.

Ohio 2070 – Breeder and vendor: Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center. Parentage: Campbell 28 x VF99. Characteristics: early-season processing tomato, small-medium prostrate vine, determinate, round 90 g fruit, large core, medium stem scar, uniform ripening (u). Resistance: fusarium wilt race 1. Adaptation: midwest, eastern United States and Canada. 1973.

Ohio 2170 – Breeder and vendor: Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center. Parentage: Campbell 28 x Heinz 1630. Characteristics: early-season processing tomato, small-medium prostrate vine, determinate, round 90 g fruit, large core, medium stem scar, uniform ripening (u). Resistance: fusarium wilt race 1. Adaptation: midwest, eastern United States and Canada. 1973.

Ohio 2470 – Breeder and vendor: Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center. Parentage: Campbell 28 x Cold Set. Characteristics: early-midseason processing tomato, small-medium semi-prostrate vine, determinate, round 100 g fruit, large core, medium stem scar, uniform ripening (u). Resistance: fusarium wilt race 1. Adaptation: midwest, eastern United States and Canada. 1973.

Ohio 7663 (E1084)- Breeder and vendor: Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center. Parentage: [(Ohio 2070 x Campbell 28) x Florida 2125-D1-S2 ] F5. Characteristics: early-main season processing tomato developed for machine harvest, semi-prostrate vine, oval shaped 60 g fruit, small stem scar and core, uniform ripening (u), determinate, jointless pedicel (j2). Resistance: fusarium wilt race 1; tolerance to verticillium wilt race 1. Adaptation: midwest and eastern United States. 1979.

Ohio 7681 (E2524-1) – Breeder and vendor: Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center. Parentage: (Ohio 2170 x Bouncer) x (Campbell 28 x Heinz 1547) x [(Campbell 28 x Heinz 1547) x Roma VF] F5. Characteristics: early-main season processing tomato, semi-prostrate vine, blocky-deep globe shaped 117 g fruit, uniform ripening (u), determinate. Resistance: fusarium wilt race 1, verticillium wilt race 1. Adaptation: midwest and eastern United States. 1981.

Ohio 7814 (OH871-3) – Breeder and vendor: Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center. Parentage: C37 x [(VF34) x ((UC98 x C28) x (Ohio 2170 x VF Roma))] F6. Characteristics: early-season processing tomato, medium-small prostrate vine, blocky to plum shaped fruit, small stem scar and core, jointless pedicel (j2), uniform ripening (u), determinate. Resistance: fusarium wilt race 1. Adaptation: midwest and eastern United States and Canada. 1982.

Ohio 7870 (OH1657-1) – Breeder and vendor: Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center. Parentage: {(Ohio 736 x Ohio 2070) x [(VF34) x (UC98 x Campbell 28) x (Ohio 2170 x VF Roma)]} F6. Characteristics: early-main season processing tomato, medium vine, plum shaped 100 g fruit, uniform ripening (u), determinate. Resistance: fusarium wilt race 1, verticillium wilt race 1. Adaptation: midwest and eastern United States and Canada. 1981.

Ohio 7983 (K2365-1) – Breeder and vendor: Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center. Parentage: {C37 x [(VF34) x ((UC98 x C28) x (Ohio 2170 x VF Roma))]} F6. Characteristics: early-season processing tomato, medium to small semi-prostrate vine, ovate to plum shaped 56 g fruit, small stem scar and core, jointless pedicel (j2), uniform ripening (u), determinate. Resistance: fusarium wilt race 1; tolerance to verticillium wilt race 1. Adaptation: midwest and eastern United States and Canada.

Ohio 8243 (A2905) – Breeder and vendor: Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center. Parentage: [OH871-3 x (C37 x Ohio 7681)] F6. Characteristics: main season processing tomato, medium upright to semi-prostrate vine, blocky to plum shaped 55 g fruit, small stem scar and core, jointless pedicel (j2), uniform ripening (u), determinate. Resistance: fusarium wilt race 1; tolerance to verticillium wilt race 1. Adaptation: midwest and eastern United States and Canada. 1988.

Ohio 8245 (OA 2944) – Breeder and vendor: Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center. Parentage: (Ohio 7870 x Heinz 722) F6. Characteristics: main season processing tomato, upright to semi-prostrate vine, blocky 60 g fruit, small stem scar and core, jointless pedicel (j2), uniform ripening (u), determinate. Resistance: fusarium wilt race 1, verticillium wilt race 1. Adaptation: midwest and eastern United States and Canada. 1991.

Ohio 8556 (F1511) – Breeder and vendor: Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center. Parentage: {Ohio 7814 x [Ohio 7870 x (H871-3 x (PU 76-88 x OHH1179))]} F6. Characteristics: main season processing tomato, upright to semi-prostrate vine, ovate 56 g fruit, small stem scar and core, fruit color is crimson (ogc), jointless pedicel (j2), uniform ripening (u), determinate. Resistance: fusarium wilt race 1, verticillium wilt race 1. Adaptation: midwest United States, Canada. 1993.

Ohio Crack Resistant Red (Ohio CR Red) – Breeder: Ohio Agric. Expt. Sta., Wooster. Vendor: Letherman’s; Canton, Ohio. Parentage: Globe Strain A x red fruit of Rutgers type; selected for large fruit and crack resistance. Characteristics: fruit large, deep dark red; heavy yielding; for fresh market, home gardens, and canning. Similar: Rutgers. Mkt. Grow. J. May 1956. 1958.

Ohio OX38 – Breeder and vendor: Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center. Parentage: Ohio 8245 x Ohio 88119 [(Heinz 722 x Heinz 2653 (F5)) x (Ohio 7870 x OK1483-3 (F5)]. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, main season processing tomato, medium vine, determinate, ovate to plum shaped 54 g fruit, uniform ripening (u), jointless (j2). Resistance: fusarium wilt race 1, verticillium wilt race 1. Adaptation: midwest, eastern United States, Canada, Australia. 1995.

Ohio Wilt Resistant Globe (WR-3) – Breeder and vendor: Ohio Agric. Expt. Sta., Madison Hill, Wooster. Parentage: complex (see reference). Characteristics: indistinguishable from Globe except for wilt symptoms. Resistance: fusarium wilt. Similar: Livingston. Agric. Expt. Sta. Res. Bul. 689. 1948.

Ohio WR Brookston – Breeder: Ohio Agric. Expt. Sta., Wooster. Parentage: complex involving Bonny Best, Lycopersicon pimpinellifolium Break-O-Day, and Rutgers. Characteristics: high production, sets well in hot weather. Resistance: fusarium wilt. Adaptation: wherever fusarium wilt is severe. 1953.

Ohio WR Jubilee (Hoytville 1) – Breeder: Ohio Agric. Expt. Sta., Wooster. Vendor: several seed companies. Parentage: F6 selection from the cross Rutgers x Ohio W-R Brookston. Characteristics: high yielding; red, deep internal color, thick walls; high quality. Resistance: fusarium wilt, gray leaf spot. Similar: Rutgers. Adaptation: same as Rutgers. Ohio Agric. Expt. Sta., Farm and Home Res. Mar.-Apr.:23 and 31. 1958.

Ohio WR Seven – Breeder: Ohio Agric. Expt. Sta., Wooster. Vendor: various seed companies. Parentage: two breeding lines. Characteristics: pink, deep, thick walls; high yielding; Livingstone Globe type. Resistance: fusarium wilt, pox, and blotchy ripening. Similar: Ohio W-R Globe. Adaptation: greenhouse. Phytopathology 47:515. 1957.

Ontario – Breeder: Campbell Soup. Co., Sacramento. Vendor: W.B. Kille. Parentage: Rutgers x Bounty. Characteristics: uniform ripening, deep globe, early maturing. Adaptation: same as Rutgers. 1946.

Ontario Pink 774 (Onthyb 774) – Breeder and vendor: Hort. Expt. Sta., Simcoe, Ontario, Canada. Vendor: Stokes Seeds. Parentage: Ont 7515 x Ont 7519. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, indeterminate uniform ripening pink; sets freely at low temperatures, deep smooth fruit. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus, Cladosporium leaf mold, fusarium wilt race 1. Similar: Ohio MR13. Adaptation: greenhouse culture. 1979.

Ontario Red 775 (Onthyb 775) – Breeder and vendor: Hort. Expt. Sta., Simcoe, Ontario, Canada. Vendor: Stokes Seeds. Parentage: Ont 7517 x Ont 7811. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, indeterminate, uniform ripening, sets freely at low temperatures, deep smooth fruit. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus, Cladosporium leaf mold, fusarium wilt race 1. Similar: Vendor. Adaptation: greenhouse. 1980.

Orange Chatham – Breeder: Dept. of Hort. University of New Hampshire, Durham. Vendor: Hepler Seed Co. Parentage: Chatham x Orange King. Characteristics: extremely early determinate plant with orange fruit. Similar: Chatham. Adaptation: regionally to northern areas of short season. N.H. Agric. Expt. Sta. Bul. 380:6 1950. 1946.

Orange King – Breeder: Dept. of Hort., University of New Hampshire, Durham. Vendor: Vaughan. Parentage: New Hampshire Victor and Orange sport of Scarlet Dawn. Characteristics: determinate plant, large oblate orange fruit of mild flavor of medium early season. Adaptation: regionally to northern areas. N.H. Agric. Expt. Sta. Bul. 380:4, 1950. 1945.

Oregon Cherry (OSU T. 6-16-2-1-3) – Breeder: Hort. Dept., Oregon State University, Corvallis. Vendor: various seedsmen. Parentage: Early Cherry x [PI 298633 x (Farthest North x OSC 502-63)]. Characteristics: open pollinated, cherry tomato with early maturity, highly determinate growth, flavor; will set good quality parthenocarpic fruit early in season. Similar: Small Fry. Adaptation: Pacific Northwest, possibly other cool areas. 1978.

Oregon Pride (OSU T77-15-1) – Breeder and vendor: Oregon State University. Characteristics: parthenocarpic and large fruited, very solid, paste type, early maturity. Resistance: verticillium wilt race 1. Similar: Roma. 1992.

Oregon Spring (OSU T65-5-1-14) – Breeder and vendor: Oregon State University. Parentage: Severianin Starshot. Characteristics: open pollinated, early, large fruit; good seedless fruit set under cool temperature conditions of western Oregon. Resistance: verticillium wilt race 1. Similar: Severianin. Adaptation: western Oregon and Washington. 1986.

Oregon Star (OSU T77-15-2) – Breeder and vendor: Oregon State University. Characteristics: parthenocarpic, large fruited, very solid, paste type, medium early maturity. Resistance: verticillium wilt race 1. Similar: Roma, but much larger and earlier. 1992.

Orion (HMX 9853) – Breeder and vendor: Harris Moran. Characteristics: nematode resistant UC204 type tomato. Resistance: verticillium wilt race 1, fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, nematodes. Similar: HM 3075. 1991.

Oroma (OSU S-129) – Breeder and vendor: Oregon State University. Characteristics: early maturing paste tomato, fruit is firm, easy picking and peeling, cylindrical with pronounced stylar projection, keeps well on and off plant, determinate plant. Similar: Roma. 1993.

Ottawa – Breeder: Canada Dept. of Agr., Ottawa Res. Sta., Ottawa, Ontario. Vendor: Stokes Seeds, St. Catharines, Ontario, Canada. Parentage: Bounty x Ottawa 10. Characteristics: early, uniform and concentrated ripening; more vigorous and heavier yielding than Fireball. Similar: Fireball. Adaptation: Ontario and New York and similar areas. 1963.

Ottawa 39 – Breeder: Canada Dept. of Agr., Ottawa Res. Sta., Ottawa. Vendor: Edward Lowden, Ancaster, Canada. Parentage: (Meteor x Urbana) x V567. Characteristics: second early, vigorous, determinate, uniform ripening, heavy yield, good size and firmness, suitable for basket trade. Resistance: moderate to cracking. Similar: Rideau. Adaptation: Ontario and similar areas. 1962.

Ottawa 78 (Ottawa 78) – Breeder: Ottawa Res. Sta., Canada Dept. Agr. Vendor: Stokes Seeds. Parentage: Heinz 1458-0-0-4 x OT. 59. U. lcl. Characteristics: open pollinated, resistant to cracking and other fruit defects, small core, for whole pack canning and lye peeling; best on medium heavy soils; 7 to 10 days earlier than H1350. Resistance: verticillium wilt. Similar: H1350. Adaptation: southern Ontario and the northeastern United States. 1975.

Owyhee – Breeder and vendor: Idaho Agric. Expt. Sta. Branch, Parma, Idaho. Parentage: Sioux x (Curly-top resistant line of L. peruvianum x Bison). Characteristics: dark-green foliage, indeterminate vine, small cored fruit. Resistance: curly top virus. Similar: Sioux. University of Idaho Bul. no. 298. 1959.

Ozark Pink (GJ80-3M) – Breeder and vendor: University of Arkansas, Fayetteville. Parentage: 75-18-3 x Traveler 76. Characteristics: fresh market type, vigorous, indeterminate vine, flattened globe, uniform green shoulders, pink fruit color, good flavor for local markets. Resistance: cracking, fusarium wilt race 1, verticillium wilt race 1. Adaptation: Arkansas. Similar: Traveler 76. HortScience 24:712-713. 1989.

Pacesetter 490 (XP 490) – Breeder and vendor: Asgrow Seed Co. Characteristics: open pollinated, square, round, jointless with good vine storage and bulk handling characteristics. Resistance: verticillium and fusarium wilt race 1. Similar: UC 134, Redstone. Adaptation: wide. 1977.

Pacesetter 510 (XP510) – Breeder and vendor: Asgrow Seed Co. Characteristics: open pollinated, first-early; round fruited, for mechanical harvesting and processing. Resistance: verticillium and fusarium wilt race 1. Adaptation: semi-arid conditions. 1979.

Pacesetter 600 (XPH600) – Breeder and vendor: Asgrow Seed Co. Characteristics: open pollinated, mechanical harvest canner for whole pack or products. Resistance: verticillium wilt race 1 and fusarium wilt races 1 and 2. Similar: UC82. 1981.

Pacesetter 694 (XP694) – Breeder and vendor: Asgrow Seed Co. Characteristics: open pollinated, midseason canner for mechanical harvest, whole pack or products. Resistance: verticillium wilt race 1. Similar: Murietta. 1982.

Pacesetter 882 (XP882) – Breeder and vendor: Asgrow Seed Co. Characteristics: open pollinated, vines more vigorous, fruit larger than UC82 types. Resistance: none claimed. Similar: UC82. 1980.

Pacific (XPH 5074) – Breeder and vendor: Asgrow Seed Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, large-fruited fresh-market type. Resistance: verticillium wilt race 1, fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, alternaria stem canker, gray leaf spot. Similar: Contessa. Adaptation: western Mexico, Baja, and California. 1986.

Pampas (XPH 5207) – Breeder and vendor: Asgrow. Characteristics: deep globe shaped fruit with dark green shoulders. Resistance: verticillium wilt race 1, gray leaf spot, nematodes. Similar: Early Pak 7. 1986.

Pampero (PS 150351) – Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds-Petoseed. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: very strong, widely adaptable plants; good fruit set; smooth, jointless, uniform green. Resistance: St/Gray leaf spot, nematode, Alternaria stem canker, Fusarium wilt race 1-2, Verticilium; intermediate to bacterial speck. Similar: Yaqui. Adaptation: South America, Mexico. 2003.

Pan America – Breeder: USDA, Plant Industry Sta., Beltsville, Maryland. Parentage: PI 79532, Lycopersicon pimpinellifolium on Marglobe; hybrid backcrossed three times to Marglobe. Resistance: high to fusarium wilt. Similar: Marglobe. Adaptation: regionally to all sections of the United States where fusarium wilt is prevalent. USDA Circ. 611, June 1941. 1941.

Paradise (199296) – Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds-Asgrow. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: uniform green, deep oblate to round fresh market type; fruit sets well under hot temperatures; fruit size is large to extra large with uniform color; plant is vigorous. Resistance: gray leaf spot (St), Alternaria stem canker (ASC), tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV), Verticillium wilt (V), Fusarium wilt (races 1, 2). Similar: BHN 444. Adaptation: Argentina. 2003.

Paragon – Breeder and vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: Hybrid. Characteristics: Paragon is the first organically grown hybrid tomato. This heavy-hitting, main crop shipper is popular with growers in the East and Midwest. It is a vigorous, 78-day determinate with a vine that produces a heavy set of large smooth firm, good tasting globes. 2002.

Parker (68 B 29) – Breeder and vendor: USDA, Beltsville, Maryland. Parentage: Roma x California VR selection. Characteristics: early, small vine, Italian paste type, heavy set 1.6-ounce size fruit. Resistance: verticillium wilt and fusarium wilt. Similar: Harvester. Adaptation: eastern United States. 1969.

Park’s Early Challenge (012-405) – Breeder and vendor: Petoseed. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, fresh market, tall, indeterminate, early maturity, medium (110-130 g) fruit size, fine flavor, long shelf life. Resistance: verticillium wilt race 1, fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, nematodes, tomato mosaic virus. Adaptation: home garden. Similar: Early Girl.

Park’s Whopper – Breeder: Petoseed Co. Vendor: Park Seed Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, indeterminate vine, large red fruit, early midseason. Resistance: verticillium wilt, fusarium wilt race 1, and nematodes. Similar: Better Boy. Adaptation: wide. 1979.

Parma (2521) – Breeder: University of Idaho. Res. and Ext. Center, Parma. Vendor: various seedsmen. Parentage: L peruvianum, L. pimpinellifolium, L. esculentum. Characteristics: open pollinated, determinate large fruit (3 to 4 inches) solid, good slicer or for processing. Resistance: verticillium and fusarium wilts and curly top. Similar: Ace. Adaptation: western United States. 1976.

Passion – Breeder and vendor: Petoseed. Characteristics: good flavor and fruit size. Resistance: verticillium wilt race 1, fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, nematodes, tobacco mosaic virus. 1992.

Patio – Breeder: Petoseed Co. Parentage: Peto inbreds. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, plants dwarf (18 to 24 inches tall), strong upright habit; fruit large, oblate, green shoulder; unique novelty that does well in large pot on patio. Resistance: fusarium wilt. Adaptation: wide. 1965.

Patio Prize (79-31) – Breeder and vendor: Goldsmith Seeds. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, attractive foliage with abundant fruit production, compact bush habit. Resistance: nematodes. Similar: Patio. Adaptation: wide. 1979.

Patriot (T3810) – Breeder: USDA, Agric. Res. Serv., U.S. Vegetable Laboratory, Charleston, South Carolina. Parentage: Purdue 68-119-1 x S5A1 Characteristics: semi-determinate (sp), crimson (ogc), nematode resistant (Mi), relatively long harvest season. Resistance: southern root-knot nematode, fusarium wilt race 1, and gray leaf spot. Similar: Homestead. Adaptation: southeastern United States. 1977.

Payette (PID-11) – Breeder and vendor: University of Idaho, Parma, Idaho. Parentage: L. peruvianum, L. hirsutum, Bison, Stokesdale, Sioux, Bounty. Characteristics: dwarf, compact plant; fruit early (1 week earlier than Sioux), smooth, red, medium sized, good yields. Resistance: curly top. Similar: Epoch. Adaptation: southwestern United States and southern Idaho. University of Idaho Bul. 1962.

Pearl Harbor – Breeder: Veg. Crops Dept., University of Hawaii, Honolulu. Parentage: Bounty x BC-10 (F6) of Calif. 13306 x Red Currant x 133-6). Characteristics: sets fruit well in warm weather. Resistance: high to Hawaii strain of tomato spotted wilt virus. Similar: Bounty. Adaptation: regionally to low (warm) elevation in Hawaii. Hawaii Agric. Expt. Sta. Circ. 24. 1945. 1946.

Pearmech (E5204) – Breeder and vendor: Ferry-Morse Seed Co. Characteristics: open pollinated, easy peel, large-fruited pear, suitable for whole pack; larger fruit, smaller vine, earlier maturity than Napoli. Resistance: verticillium and fusarium wilts, some tolerance to air pollution. Similar: Napoli. Adaptation: eastern United States. 1978.

Pearpack (NCX 325) – Breeder and vendor: Niagara Chemical Div., FMC Corp. Characteristics: small pear-shape fruit with excellent peeled color and high consistency, for machine harvest. Resistance: tolerant to verticillium and fusarium wilts. Similar: VF 13L, except small fruit. Adaptation: western United States. Amer. Veg. Grower Dec. 1972.

Pearson Improved – Breeder and vendor: Ferry-Morse Seed Co., Mountain View, California. Parentage: selection from original Pearson. Characteristics: heavy production, large, vigorous, semi-determinate plant. Similar: Pearson. Adaptation: California. 15 April 1963. 1942.

Peelbrite 1648 (1648) – Breeder and vendor: Orsetti Seeds. Characteristics: processing hybrid with early maturity, very good peeling quality, round shape, firm, good production, good color and flavor. Resistance: fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, verticillium wilt race 1. 1986.

Peelmech (E9208) – Breeder and vendor: Ferry-Morse Seed Co. Characteristics: open pollinated, very firm square round type with good solids and excellent concentration of maturity, high yielding mechanical harvest type. Resistance: verticillium wilt, fusarium wilt race 1, alternaria stem canker. Similar: MHVF 6203. Adaptation: wide. 1980.

Peelmech Hybrid (E9205) – Breeder and vendor: Ferry-Morse Seed Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, a distinct cultivar, very early hybrid with medium vine, concentrated maturity, fruit round, medium sized, uniform ripening, good firmness, color, pH, solids, and viscosity; should be useful for products and whole peel. Resistance: verticillium wilt, fusarium wilt race 1, and alternaria stem canker. Adaptation: California. 1979.

Pegasus (T 5920) – Breeder and vendor: Sunseeds. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, fresh-market greenhouse type, vigorous indeterminate vine, mid-season maturity, large elongated fruit, excellent shelf life, performs well in cool weather. Resistance: verticillium wilt race 1, fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, tomato mosaic virus. Adaptation: North America, Spain, Morocco, Turkey, and other Mediterranean countries. 1996.

Pennheart – Breeder: Pennsylvania Agric. Expt. Sta., State College, Pennsylvania. Vendor: W. Schell. Parentage: Oxheart x Penn State Earliana. Characteristics: early maturity, determinate habit. Adaptation: wide regional. Pa. Agric. Expt. Sta. Bul. p. 50. 1941.

Pera Mia (BOS 351) – Breeder and vendor: Orsetti Seed Company, Inc. Parentage: F1 hybrid. 2000.

Perfect Peel (79-62) – Breeder and vendor: Goldsmith Seeds. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, fruit skin will peel off easily, determinate bush growth habit. Resistance: verticillium wilt and fusarium wilt race 1. Similar: Easy Peel. Adaptation: wide. 1979.

Perfection Hybrid – Breeder and vendor: Burgess Seed and Plant Co., Galesburg, Michigan. Characteristics: vigorous, heavy foliage, red globe shape fruit, œ11 ounces, relatively crack free. Burgess cat. 1959.

Peto Early Canner Hybrid – Breeder: Petoseed Co., Saticoy, California. Parentage: unknown. Characteristics: F2 hybrid, very early, high yield, determinate vine; good canning tomato. 1956.

Peto Pride Hybrid – Breeder: Petoseed Co., Ventura, California. Parentage: unknown. Similar: Pearson, but 2 weeks earlier. Characteristics: F2 hybrid, all-around shipping and canning tomato; yields 38 tons per acre. Adaptation: California and Texas. Peto Catalog 1955.

Peto-13 (PSX 69) – Breeder and vendor: Petoseed. Characteristics: open pollinated, elongated fruit with slight bulb; machine harvestable whole peel type. Resistance: verticillium and fusarium wilts. Similar: VF 13L-34. Adaptation: wide. 1976.

Peto-73 (PSX 73) – Breeder and vendor: Petoseed. Characteristics: open pollinated, VF 198 type for mechanical harvest with better color and slightly larger vine. Resistance: fusarium and verticillium wilts. Similar: VF 198. Adaptation: California. 1977.

Peto-76 (PSX 76) – Breeder and vendor: Petoseed. Characteristics: open pollinated, strong, determinate, jointless, uniform ripening, thick walls, excellent interior color, very firm, good vine storage, high viscosity. Resistance: verticillium wilt and fusarium wilt races 1 and 2. Adaptation: California. 1977.

Petoearly (PSX 62) – Breeder and vendor: Petoseed. Characteristics: open pollinated, large, round similar in shape to VF 10 but up to 1 week earlier; interior color and solids similar to VF 145B 7879. Resistance: verticillium and fusarium wilts. Similar: VF 10. Adaptation: wide. 1976.

Petogro (PSX 75) – Breeder and vendor: Petoseed. Characteristics: open pollinated, large round fruit; mechanical harvestable processing cultivar with good peelability. Resistance: verticillium wilt and fusarium wilt races 1 and 2. Similar: VF 145B 7879. Adaptation: wide. 1976.

Petomech II (PSX 590) – Breeder and vendor: Petoseed. Characteristics: open pollinated, very firm square fruit, medium viscosity, compact determinate vine; 7 to 10 days earlier than VF 134-1-2. Resistance: verticillium wilt and fusarium wilt race 1. Similar: VF 134 but smaller. Adaptation: California. 1976.

Petopride No. 2 (PSX 376) – Breeder and vendor: Petoseed. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, mechanical harvest type, early maturing, sets well in high temperatures, semi-round. Resistance: verticillium wilt and fusarium wilt races 1 and 2. Adaptation: California. 1977.

Phoenix – Breeder and vendor: Seminis. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, fresh market, main season, hot-set, vigorous plant, good leaf cover, high fruit quality, firm, globe-shaped fruit, uniformly-colored, jointed pedicles, large to extra-large. Resistance: Verticillium wilt race 1, Fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, gray leaf spot, alternaria stem canker. Adaptation: Southeast US.

Pic-Free – Breeder and vendor: Abbott and Cobb. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, machine pick; jointless. midseason maturity; determinate vine, medium large deep globe fruit. Resistance: verticillium wilt and fusarium wilt races 1 and 2. Adaptation: wide. 1979.

Pickmaster VF (145B-402) – Breeder and vendor: Ferry-Morse Seed Co. Characteristics: uniform, green shouldered, small-fruited, mechanical harvester type. Similar: VF 145-B. Resistance: fusarium and verticillium wilts. Adaptation: western United States. 1969.

PickRipe 504LSL (PS 504495) – Breeder and vendor: Petoseed. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, fresh market, heat-tolerant, large-extra large fruit, extra firm determinate. Resistance: verticillium wilt race 1, fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, gray leaf spot, alternaria stem canker. 1998.

Pickrite VF (E8209) – Breeder and vendor: Ferry-Morse Seed Co. Characteristics: early small vine, firm, medium small fruit, small core and stem scar, mechanical harvest type. Resistance: verticillium and fusarium wilt. Similar: VF145-F5. Adaptation: western United States. 1970.

Picus – Breeder and vendor: Seminis. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, main season, determinate roma tomato, widely adapted, medium fruits, uniform color, cylindrical shape, deep-red color, excellent firmness, medium to large vigorous plant, good fruit cover, sets well in hot temperatures. Adaptation: widespread. Resistance: Verticillium wilt race 1, Fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, gray leaf spot, alternaria stem canker, TSWV.

Piedmont (NC 7990, STEP 670) – Breeder and vendor: North Carolina State University, Fletcher. Characteristics: fresh market, large determinate vine, late season, uniform green shoulders, medium large, flat-round fruit. Resistance: fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, verticillium wilt race 1. Adaptation: southeastern United States. HortScience 20:960-961. 1985. PVP. 1984.

Pik Ripe 193 – Breeder and vendor: Petoseed. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, fresh market, compact determinate, large, firm fruit, long shelf life. Resistance: nematodes. Adaptation: California mature green or vine ripe. 1994.

Pik Ripe 193LSL (PS193) – Breeder and vendor: Petoseed. Characteristics: determinate, compact plant, uniform green fruit, jointed, very firm, early to main season. Resistance: verticillium wilt race 1, fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, nematodes, tobacco mosaic virus. Similar: Devine Ripe, Nazera 814. 1994.

Pik Ripe 747LSL (PS747) – Breeder and vendor: Petoseed. Characteristics: fresh market, globe shaped, mid-large, 160-190 g, uniform green, jointed, extra firm, determinate, tall vigorous, 72-74 day maturity. Resistance: verticillium wilt race 1, fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, tobacco mosaic virus, alternaria stem canker, gray leaf spot. Similar: Devine Ripe, Nazera 814. 1994.

Pik Ripe 748LSL (PS748) – Breeder and vendor: Petoseed. Characteristics: fresh market, large globe shape, 180-200 g, uniform green, jointed, extra firm, determinate, 76 day maturity. Resistance: verticillium wilt race 1, fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, tobacco mosaic virus, alternaria stem canker, gray leaf spot. Similar: Devine Ripe, Nazera 814. 1994.

Pikred (NFHF and Redpack) – Breeder and vendor: Joseph Harris Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, second early, large extra-firm fruit on an open compact plant; excellent shelf life when picked at mature red stage. Resistance: fusarium wilt races 1 and 2 and verticillium wilt. Adaptation: wide. 1974.

Pink Girl – Breeder and vendor: Petoseed. Characteristics: 76 day maturity, smooth pink fruited, red flesh 8 oz or 230 g, deep oblate, green shoulder, large indeterminate plants. Resistance: verticillium wilt race 1, fusarium wilt race 1, gray leaf spot, alternaria stem canker. Adaptation: home gardens. 1984.

Pink Prize (4FP) – Breeder and vendor: Joseph Harris Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, pink greenhouse cultivar; fruit normal ripening, large and productive; vines indeterminate. Resistance: fusarium wilt. Similar: Ohio WR 3 or 7. Adaptation: northeastern greenhouse areas. 1964.

Pink Vogue – Breeder: Horticultural Res. Inst., Vineland Station, Ontario, Canada. Vendor: Stokes Seeds. Parentage: Vogue x Pink Red Jacket backcrossed three times. Characteristics: early, pink, indeterminate; cold setting ability. Similar: Vogue. Adaptation: early staking areas. 1968.

Pinklady (FCP) – Breeder and vendor: Joseph Harris Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, outdoor staked and greenhouse cultivar; fruit pink, medium sized, firm, prolific, early, uniform ripening. Sets well under cool temperatures; indeterminate vine. Similar: Ohio WR 3 and 7. Adaptation: northeastern United States 1964.

Pinkshipper (US3351 Step 202) – Breeder: USDA, Beltsville, Maryland. Vendor: Corneli, Ferry-Morse and Associated. Parentage: Gulf State Market x Pan America then outcrossed to Marvelosa x Marglobe. Characteristics: smooth, globular pink fruit; indeterminate growth habit; high resistance to fusarium wilt. Adaptation: for pink tomato markets and home garden. 1957.

Pinkwrap (R47) – Breeder and vendor: Joseph Harris Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, pink fruited cultivar with smooth firm fruit adapted to stake culture. Resistance: fusarium wilt. Adaptation: wide. 1972.

Pioneer (P-32) – Breeder: Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana. Vendor: Agr. Alumni Seed Imp. Assn. Parentage: (Vagabond x Ohio WR 3) x Manalucie) F8. Characteristics: medium large red fruit. Resistance: fusarium wilt and all races of Cladosporium leaf mold. Similar: Michigan State Forcing. Adaptation: greenhouse production in Midwestern United States. Amer. Veg. Grower, March 1966.

Pixie – Breeder and vendor: W. Atlee Burpee Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, dwarf erect extremely early for pot culture. Similar: Patio Hybrid. Adaptation: wide. 1971.

Plainsman – Breeder and vendor: Texas Agric. Expt. Sta., College Station. Parentage: Rutgers x (Firesteel x Carter’s Fruit). Characteristics: extra early, small compact plants, high yields with close spacing, completion of harvest in three to four pickings, 5 to 6 oz. fruit size, excellent processing quality. Similar: Firesteel. Adaptation: plains of West Texas. 1961.

Plum Crimson – Breeder: North Carolina State University. Vendor: HMClause. Parentage: F1 hybrid of NC EBR-7 · NC EBR-8. Characteristics: Plum tomato for vine ripe/ mature green harvest production, early maturity, medium tall determinate plant with dark green foliage, large fruit with uniform shape, resistant to fruit cracking and graywall, good exterior and interior color (homozygous crimson), susceptible to bacterial spot, not adapted to high temperature fruit set. Resistance: Fusarium wilt races 1, 2, and 3, Verticillium wilt race 1, moderate early blight resistance. HortScience 41:259–260. 2002.

Plum Dandy (NC 9380) – Breeder: North Carolina State University, Fletcher. Vendor: Ferry-Morse. Parentage: NC EBR-5 x NC EBR-6. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, fresh market plum, compact determinate, midseason plum, light green shoulder. Similar: Peto 882. Resistance: fusarium wilt race 1, verticillium wilt race 1, moderate to early blight, Alternaria solani. Adaptation: eastern United States. 1996.

Plum Regal (NC 05255) – Breeder: North Carolina State University. Vendor: Bejo Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid of NC 30P · NC 25P. Characteristics: Plum tomato for fresh market, vine ripe/mature green harvest, late season maturity, large, crack resistant, good shape, excellent interior color (homozygous crimson), not adapted to hot season production. Resistance: Fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, Verticillium wilt race 1, tomato spotted wilt virus, late blight (heterozygous Ph-3 gene), tomato spotted wilt virus, moderate bacterial spot resistance. HortScience 45:824–825. 2008.

Pole King (ACR no. 6375) – Breeder and vendor: Abbott and Cobb. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, high yielding, large fruited, indeterminate vine, crack resistant. Resistance: verticillium wilt and fusarium wilt races 1 and 2. Similar: Pole Boy. Adaptation: wide. 1977.

Porterhouse – Breeder and vendor: W. Atlee Burpee and Co. Characteristics: giant hybrid tomato. 2000.

Prairie Dawn (IA 10009, STEP 742) – Breeder and vendor: Iowa State University, Ames. Parentage: (Campbell 28 x Duke) F10. Characteristics: fresh market type, determinate vine, midseason, uniform shoulder color, deep oblate fruit. Resistance: cracking, fusarium wilt race 1, verticillium wilt race 1. Adaptation: Iowa. HortScience 31:292, 1996. 1995.

Prairie Pastemaker (IA 11008) – Breeder and vendor: Iowa State University, Ames. Parentage: (Heinz 722 x Ontario 7710) F11. Characteristics: processing type, small determinate vine, early to midseason maturity, egg shaped fruit, light-green shoulders, jointless pedicels. Resistance: fusarium wilt race 1, verticillium wilt race 1, bacterial speck. Adaptation: Iowa. HortScience 31:293, 1996. 1995.

Prairie Schooner (IA 11003) – Breeder and vendor: Iowa State University, Ames. Parentage: (Droplet x Ontario 7710) F11. Characteristics: cherry tomato, determinate vine, early season, uniform green shoulders. Resistance: fusarium wilt race 1, verticillium wilt race 1, bacterial speck. Adaptation: Iowa, North Carolina. HortScience 31:291, 1996. 1995.

Presto – Breeder and vendor: Joseph Harris Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, small determinate vine, very early cherry type for patio, pot, or window culture, free setting small round fruit. Similar: Red Cherry, but determinate vine. Adaptation: general. Joseph Harris Co. Catalog 1972.

Prime Beefsteak (Hybrid no. 3) – Breeder and vendor: Ferry-Morse Seed Co. Parentage: Ferry-Morse inbreds. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, midseason, very large globe-fruited tomato with green shoulder and excellent ripe flavor, intended for market gardens, plant growers and home gardens, vine is medium large. Resistance: verticillium and fusarium wilt. Similar: Unique. Adaptation: western, midwestern and eastern United States. 1974.

Processor 40 – Breeder and vendor: Texas Agric. Expt. Sta., Weslaco. Characteristics: processing tomato for peeled whole products, small determinate vine, stiff stems hold fruit off ground, slightly elongated, square round fruit, jointless pedicels, uniform shoulders, heat tolerant fruit set. Resistance: fusarium wilt race 1, gray leaf spot; tolerance to heat. Adaptation: southern Texas. Similar: Chico 3. HortScience 21:159-160, 1986. 1982.

Processor 278 – (P-278) – Breeder and vendor: Texas Agric. Expt. Sta., Weslaco. Parentage: selection of 5737M. Characteristics: processing type, small determinate vines, slightly elongated, cylindrical fruit, jointless pedicels, heat tolerant fruit setting ability. Resistance: fusarium wilt race 1, southern blight, Sclerotium rolfsii, gray leaf spot; tolerance to heat. Adaptation: southern Texas, northern Mexico. HortScience 28:346-347. 1993.

Propak (XPH 5102) – Breeder and vendor: Asgrow Seed Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, firm, medium solids, processing type. Resistance: verticillium wilt, fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, alternaria stem canker, and nematodes. Similar: Centurion. Adaptation: Middle East. 1985.

PS 150046 – Breeder and vendor: Petoseed. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, roma type, jointless, high yielding. Resistance: verticillium wilt race 1, fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, fusarium crown and root rot, bacterial speck, nematodes, gray leaf spot, alternaria stem canker. Adaptation: eastern United States and California. 2000.

PS 150440 – Breeder and vendor: Petoseed. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, fresh market, mid season, medium to large, firm, deep oblate, smooth blossom scars. Resistance: verticillium wilt race 1, fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, tomato mosaic virus, alternaria stem canker, nematodes, TYLCV. Adaptation: California. 2000.

PS 57990 – Breeder and vendor: Petoseed. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, fresh market, determinate, large fruit, uniform green shoulders, firm. Resistance: nematodes. Adaptation: Fall ground production in California. 1997.

Puebla (PSX SM 21) – Breeder and vendor: Petoseed. Characteristics: saladette, Roma type, elongated cylindrical fruit, medium-large determinate plant. Resistance: verticillium wilt race 1, fusarium wilt race 1, nematodes, bacterial spot. Similar: Hybrid 882. 1994.

Purdue 1361 – Breeder: Dept. of Hort., Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana. Vendor: Agr. Alumni Seed Assn. Parentage: Rutgers x Indiana Baltimore. Characteristics: fruit intermediate in shape and size, vine like Baltimore. Resistance: fusarium wilt. Similar: Indiana Baltimore. Adaptation: regionally to Indiana. 1952.

QualiT 21 (RFT 5021) – Breeder and vendor: Novartis. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, fresh market, determinate, large fruit, uniform green shoulder, firm. Resistance: verticillium wilt race 1, fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, nematodes, tomato mosaic virus, gray leaf spot. Adaptation: mid to late season in California and Baja, Mexico. 1998.

QualiT 23 (RFT 5023) – Breeding and vendor: Novartis. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, fresh market, determinate, midseason, large, globe, firm, uniform green shoulders. Resistance: verticillium wilt race 1, fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, gray leaf spot, tomato mosaic virus. Adaptation: Central Valley of California. 1998.

Queens – Breeder: Rutgers University New Brunswick, New Jersey. Parentage: Valiant x Rutgers. Characteristics: Firm medium size fruit, with small seed cavities, for early market and home gardens. Adaptation: New Jersey and adjoining states. Hort. News Nov. 1950.

Queens Knight Hybrid (Hybrid C) – Breeder: Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey. Vendor: Veg. Growers Assn. of New Jersey. Parentage: Manasota x Glamour. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, indeterminate, slightly open foliage; fruit firm, slightly longer than wide, green shouldered, Moreton Hybrid maturity. Resistance: fusarium wilt. Similar: Manasota. Adaptation: mid-Atlantic United States. 1963.

Quick Pick (79-06) – Breeder and vendor: Goldsmith Seeds. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, early, high yielding pole tomato. Resistance: verticillium wilt, fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, nematodes, and tobacco mosaic virus. Similar: Early Girl. Adaptation: wide. 1979.

Quincy (XP 01408383) – Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds-Asgrow. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: fresh market type; tall, determinate hybrid produces large and extra-large, deep oblate, uniformly colored fruit; firmness and quality are good; fruit has jointed pedicles; maturity is late. Similar: Florida 47, BHN 444, BHN 640. Adaptation: NAFTA; southeast U.S. and Argentina. 2004.

Quinte (ST-19) – Breeder: Agriculture Canada Smithfield Expt. Farm, Trenton. Vendor: Stokes Seeds, Johnny’s Selected Seed. Characteristics: fresh market type with a strong determinate vine, oblate, uniform green shoulder, crimson fruit color, midseason maturity. Resistance: verticillium wilt race 1. Adaptation: eastern Ontario, Canada, northeastern United States. Similar: Moira. HortScience 20:959-960, 1985. 1975.

Radosa (Nun 5174) – Breeder: Canners. Vendor: Nunhems. Characteristics: processing tomato, determinate bush, fruit 80-90 g, jointed, uniform green fruit. Resistance: verticillium wilt race 1, fusarium wilt race 1. 1989.

Rafter (XP 12255) – Breeder: Brad Korlsen. Vendor: Seminis-Asgrow. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Mid season, fresh market, determinate, flattened globe shape, uniform green, jointed. Resistance: N, ASC, St, V, F 1&2. Similar: Shady Lady. Adaptation: California, South America. 2000.

Ranch (AV 5131) – Breeder and vendor: Sunseeds. Characteristics: open pollinated, early-midseason, square-round for peeling. Resistance: verticillium wilt and fusarium wilt race 1. Similar: UC 82. Adaptation: wide.

Ranger (Nun 6426) – Breeder: Canners. Vendor: Nunhems. Characteristics: processing type, determinate bush, vigorous growth, 70-80 g per fruit, jointless and uniform green, oblong cylindrical shape, paste and peeling type. Resistance: verticillium wilt race 1, fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, nematodes. 1989.

Rapids – Breeder: Michigan Agric. Expt. Sta., East Lansing. Vendor: Burgess Plant and Seed Co. Parentage: Fireball x STEP 305. Characteristics: sparse foliage, close clusters. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus strain 1. Adaptation: greenhouse. 1970.

Reba – Breeder and vendor: Sakata Seed America, Inc. Characteristics: Determinate round, strong plant with large, high quality globe shaped fruit. Resistance: Verticillium wilt race 1, Fusarium wilt races 1, 2, alternaria stem canker, gray leaf spot. Similar: Shady Lady. Adaptation: ground culture, California, early season. 2006.

Rebel Red (79-873) – Breeder: Goldsmith Seeds. Vendor: Geo. J. Ball. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, indeterminate pole tomato; large, round, firm fruit. Resistance: verticillium wilt, fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, nematodes, and tobacco mosaic virus. Adaptation: wide. 1980.

Red Agate – Vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seed. Characteristics: F1 hybrid processing, midseason, deep red, pear shape. Resistance: bacterial wilt.

Red Beauty – Breeder and vendor: Agway. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, second early, semi-determinate, crack resistant, market. Adaptation: northeastern United States. Agway Catalog 1967.

Red Century – 32 (17098) – Breeder and vendor: Orsetti Seeds. Characteristics: indeterminate processing type with exceptional color and firmness for a 115 day tomato, good results for whole peel and dice use, very good soluble solids. Resistance: fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, verticillium wilt race 1, nematodes, bacterial speck. 1976.

Red Cloud – Breeder: Dept. of Hort., Nebraska Agric. Expt. Sta., University of Nebraska, Lincoln. Parentage: Stokesdale x Allred. Characteristics: very early, determinate vines, large, meaty fruit; dependable fruit set in hot weather; first early maturity. Similar: Victor. Neb. Agric. Expt. Sta. Hort Prog. Rpt. 6. 1944.

Red Cushion – Breeder: Colorado State University, Fort Collins. Parentage: (Premier x Hardin’s Miniature) F6. Characteristics: miniature plant with cherry tomatoes; can be used as pot plant; sets fruit at low temperatures. Similar: Hardin’s Miniature. Colo. State University Hort. Circ. 14, Nov. 15, 1966. 1967.

Red Delight – Breeder and vendor: Sakata Seed America, Inc. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: high-yielding; round; produces a high percentage of firm, extra-large fruit with excellent color. Resistance: Verticillium wilt race 1, Fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, alternaria stem canker; tolerant to gray leaf spot. Adaptation: Florida and Eastern U.S. 2005.

Red Express 238 – Breeder and vendor: Goldsmith Seeds. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, holds well on vine for full maturity or can be picked and shipped green; versatile, for home garden, shipping, or fresh market; determinate bush type. Resistance: verticillium wilt race 1, fusarium wilt race 1, and nematodes. Similar: Pick Red. Adaptation: wide. 1979.

Red Global – Breeder and vendor: Louisiana Agric. Expt. Sta., Baton Rouge. Parentage: (Louisiana Slicer x Marglobe) x Marglobe. Characteristics: bright-red color with few seeds. Resistance: heat, cracking, fusarium wilt, foliage diseases. Adaptation: southern United States. La. Agric. Expt. Sta. Circ. no. 60. Oct. 1959.

Red Grape – Breeder and vendor: D. Palmer Seed Co., Inc. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: indeterminate grape shaped tomato; good leaf cover; bright red fruit; excellent for bite-size eating; fruit are consistent and firm; one of the top varieties on the market today; can be grown in the open field or the greenhouse. 2005.

Red Lode (3219) – Breeder: University of Idaho Res. and Ext. Center, Parma. Vendor: various seedsmen. Parentage: L. peruvianum and L. esculentum. Characteristics: open pollinated, determinate small plant concentrated fruit set, good yield, excellent for paste and fresh market. Resistance: verticillium and fusarium wilts, curly top, fruit rots, cracking. Similar: Ace. Adaptation: western United States.

Red Magic (Hybrid no. 2) – Breeder and vendor: Ferry-Morse Seed Co. Parentage: Ferry-Morse inbreds. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, market type, early, high yield, concentrated ripening, medium large, firm, smooth fruit with excellent flavor, green shoulder and excellent for shipping. Resistance: verticillium and fusarium wilts, gray leaf spot. Similar: Royal Flush. Adaptation: California, Arizona, and the midwestern and southern United States. 1974.

Red Pearl – Breeder and vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Characteristics: early, fresh market. Fruit oblong cherry (‘grape’), red, thin skin, green shoulder, flavorful, good shelf life, avg. 15–20 g. Indeterminate. Resistance: Fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, early blight (horizontal), late blight (horizontal.) Similar: Santa. Adaptation: wide. PVP. 2010.

Red Pickler – Breeder: University of New Hampshire, Durham. Vendor: Hepler Seed Co. Parentage: Chatham x Red Pear. Characteristics: heavy production, small red pear shape, determinate. Adaptation: regionally to the northern United States. 1954.

Red Satin – Breeder and vendor: Burpee.

Red Sun (JTO 23694) – Breeder: Johnny’s. Vendor: Petoseed. Characteristics: large globe fruit, midseason maturity. Resistance: verticillium wilt race 1, fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, nematodes, tobacco mosaic virus. Similar: Celebrity, Daybreak. 1995.

Redbush (Ind. 67-88-1) – Breeder: Purdue University. Vendor: Agr. Alumni Seed Improvement Assn. Parentage: complex. Characteristics: small compact bush, fruit firm small paste, high pigment. crack resistant, uniform ripening, main season, mechanical harvest, processor. Resistance: fusarium wilt. Adaptation: midwestern United States. 1969.

Redpak (NFHF) – Breeder and vendor: Harris Moran. Characteristics: second early, large extra firm fruit on a open compact plant, fruit has excellent shelf life when picked at mature red stage. Resistance: verticillium wilt race 1, fusarium wilt races 1 and 2. 1974.

Red-Set-Go 28 (13028) – Breeder and vendor: Orsetti Seeds. Characteristics: processing hybrid, determinate, benefits to grower and processor, very good field performance, exceptional high color and quality for multi-use. Resistance: fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, verticillium wilt race 1, nematodes. 1994.

Regency GH 403 (92-403) – Breeder and vendor: Dessert’s Cal Seed. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, indeterminate, fresh market, 200-230 g globe to deep globe fruit. Resistance: verticillium wilt race 1, fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, gray leaf spot, alternaria stem canker, nematodes, tomato mosaic virus. 1995.

Reliant (GSV 82-1131) – Breeder and vendor: Northrup, King Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, an early to midseason square, round processing hybrid with good solids and viscosity. Adaptation: western United States. 1983.

Reno (FMX 52) – Breeder and vendor: Ferry-Morse. Characteristics: very smooth, medium early, market hybrid with high yields. Resistance: verticillium wilt race 1, fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, alternaria stem canker; good tolerance to heat. Similar: Full House. 1983.

Revolution (ACX4583) – Breeder and vendor: Abbott and Cobb. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, determinate, jointless, globe shaped, midseason maturity. Resistance: fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, verticillium wilt, and nematodes. Similar: Freedom. Adaptation: wide. 1981.

Rhode Island Early (U.R.I. 54-305) – Breeder: University of Rhode Island, Agric. Expt. Sta., Kingston. Vendor: Stokes, Canada. Parentage: (Earliana x Victor) x Danmark. Characteristics: extreme earliness; firm; uniform ripening; excellent color; uniform 4 to 5 ounce size; small blossom. Adaptation: northern United States and Canada. Rhode Island Agr. Winter 1958.

Rideau (Ottawa 28) – Breeder and vendor: Central Expt. Farm, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Parentage: Meteor x Urbana. Characteristics: determinate vine; fruit set heavy, crack resistant, good size and flesh color; uniform green fruit; medium early canner, especially whole-pack. Adaptation: Ontario, Quebec, Canada and similar areas. 1962.

Rio Doral (90-15) – Breeder and vendor: Dessert’s Cal Seed. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, dual purpose, determinate, 100 g fruit. Resistance: verticillium wilt race 1, fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, bacterial speck. Similar: Rio Grande. 1995.

Riverside – Breeder: University of California and USDA, Riverside, California. Vendor: Haven Seed Co., Santa Ana, California. Parentage: Santa Clara x Marvana. Characteristics: large vine, late maturity, rather small fruit. Resistance: some tolerance to verticillium and fusarium wilts. Similar: Norton. Adaptation: regionally to southern California. Seed World, 26 Mar. 1937.

Road Runner (PS 78250) – Breeder: John Bill. Vendor: Seminis-Petoseed. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Medium determinate vine, extra large fruit, uniform green, jointed, heat set. Resistance: ASC, FW, N, St, ToMV, V-1. Similar: Sunpride. Adaptation: Northeastern and Southeastern U.S. 2000.

Rock Star (PS 513595) – Breeder: John Bill. Vendor: Seminis-Petoseed. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Medium large determinate plant, medium sized deep oblate fruit, 140-160 grams, jointed, long shelf life. Resistance: ASC, F-1&2, St, V-1. Similar: Heatmaster. Adaptation: Caribbean, southeast Asia. 2000.

Rocket (CLCI4) – Breeder: Canada Expt. Farm, Lacombe, Alberta, Canada. Vendor: T and T Seeds. Parentage: complex, cultivars such as Early Chatham, Farthest North, Redskin, and Bison involved. Characteristics: fruit very early ripening and small. Similar: Farthest North. Adaptation: short growing season areas. 1967.

Rockingham – Breeder: New Hampshire Agric. Expt. Sta., Durham. Parentage: (New Hampshire breeding lines x Rockefeller Found. selection no. X907W) x Mikado x Rutgers. Characteristics: potato-leaf foliage. Resistance: common late blight Race 0. Similar: Marglobe in season and fruit. Adaptation: northern United States. Plant Dis. Rpt. 46:130. 15 Feb. 1962.

Roma (54SM11) – Breeder: USDA, Agr. Res. Service, Beltsville, Maryland. Vendor: Asgrow, Ferry-Morse Seed Co., and the Joseph Harris Seed Co. Parentage: Pan America x San Marzano x Red Top. Characteristics: determinate compact habit; more erect and more foliage cover than Red Top. Resistance: fusarium wilt. Similar: Red Top. Adaptation: wide; for red paste. Veg. Growers Messenger, June 1956:18; Agr. Res. Aug. 1956:12. 1955.

Roma VF – Breeder and vendor: Joseph Harris Co., Rochester, New York. Parentage: Roma x California Red Top VR 9. Characteristics: late, heavy yield, uniform ripening; semi-determinate plant; large paste type fruit, plum shaped. Resistance: verticillium wilt and fusarium wilt. Similar: Roma. Adaptation: United States and Canada. Harris catalog 1963.

Roulette (#60) – Breeder and vendor: Ferry-Morse. Characteristics: firm, large fruited, fresh market hybrid for bush culture, high yields of uniform ripening fruit for grower-shippers, it has firmer fruit and more disease resistance than Full House. Resistance: verticillium wilt race 1, fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, nematodes, gray leaf spot. Similar: Full House. 1982.

Rowpac (CVF 2793) – Breeder: Western Region, Agr. Res. Sta., USDA. Vendor: vegetable seed retailers in northwestern Washington. Parentage: C5 x VF145-21-4. Characteristics: open pollinated, early adapted to machine harvesting in the northwestern United States. Resistance: curly top, verticillium and fusarium wilts. Similar: Roza, Columbia. Adaptation: intermountain west. 1976.

Royal Ace VF – Breeder and vendor: Ferry-Morse Seed Co. Characteristics: large vine, very large medium globe fruit, solid flesh, good internal color; for shipping, home garden, possibly processing. Resistance: verticillium and fusarium wilts. Similar: Ace. Adaptation: western states and Mexico.

Royal Chico (PSX 47) – Breeder and vendor: Petoseed. Characteristics: open pollinated, large-fruited Roma type with vigorous compact vines, heavy set; maturity similar to Roma VF. Resistance: verticillium and fusarium wilts. Adaptation: wide. 1976.

Royal Delight (Castlehy 1052) – Breeder and vendor: Castle Seed Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, medium-large uniform fruit. Resistance: V, F, N, and T. Similar: Celebrity and Ace. Adaptation: United States, Canada, and Mexico.

Royal Flush (Hybrid no. 1) – Breeder and vendor: Ferry-Morse Seed Co. Parentage: Ferry-Morse inbreds. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, early, market type, high yield, compact vine, concentrated ripening, large, firm, smooth, uniform fruit with excellent flavor, light-green shoulder, excellent for shipping. Resistance: verticillium and fusarium wilts and nematodes. Similar: Unique. Adaptation: California and the midwestern and southern United States. 1974.

Royal Mountie (NC9027) – Breeder and vendor: North Carolina State University. Characteristics: high quality early maturing cultivar with a potential for higher early season yields than current cultivars, uniform green non-ripe fruit, firm, good exterior and interior color. Resistance: cracking, verticillium wilt race 1, fusarium wilt races 1 and 2. Similar: Pik Red, Sunrise, Mountain Spring. 1995.

Royal Red Cherry (76VFT1) – Breeder and vendor: University of California, Davis. Parentage: (Large Red Cherry x 70T99). Characteristics: indeterminate vine, early-midseason maturity, 3.1-3.5 cm fruit. Resistance: fusarium wilt race 1, verticillium wilt race 1, tobacco mosaic virus, alternaria stem canker. Similar: Large Red Cherry, Jumbo Cherry. HortScience 15:98. 1980.

Royal Star (Arco 1514) – Breeder and vendor: Arco Seed Co. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, early; round fruit. Resistance: V, F1, and F2. 1986.

Roza (CVF 2054) – Breeder: Western Region Agr. Res. Sta., USDA. Vendor: various seedsmen. Parentage: C5 x VF145-21-4. Characteristics: open pollinated. Resistance: curly top, verticillium, fusarium, Alternaria tenuis. Adaptation: intermountain west. 1976.

Rubia – Breeder and vendor: Sakata Seed America, Inc. Characteristics: Determinate saladette, vigorous, large plant with high quality, medium-large, smooth fruit. Resistance: Verticillium wilt race 1, Fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, alternaria stem canker, gray leaf spot, tomato spotted wilt virus, tomato yellow leaf curl virus. Adaptation: Florida, Central America. 2010.

Rubyvee (Ont 744-3) – Breeder and vendor: Ontario Hort. Expt. Sta. Parentage: Roma VF/3/H1350/4/High Crimson/ST-8/Florida 1339 D3. Characteristics: open pollinated, u sp j-2, o ogC, I compact, coreless early machine harvest type. Resistance: fusarium. Similar: Veepro. Adaptation: southern Ontario, Canada, and adjacent states. 1982.

Rushmore (22) – Breeder: South Dakota Agr. Expt. Sta., Brookings. Vendor: Petoseed Co. Parentage: 61-Y-233-1 x 67 Y-S-V-R. Characteristics: F1 hybrid. Resistance: fusarium and verticillium. Similar: Sioux. Adaptation: midwestern United States. 1969.

Rutgers 8828 – Breeder: Corneli Seed Co., St. Louis. Parentage: selected out of Rutgers. Characteristics: earlier, larger fruit and more productive than Rutgers. Resistance: tolerant of fusarium wilt. Adaptation: full season tomato areas. Corneli Catalog no. 15. 1951.