Vegetable Cultivar Descriptions for North America – Beans, Dry

Lists 1-27 Combined

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1140 – Breeder: USDA and Idaho Agric. Expt. Stat., Twin Falls, Idaho. Parentage: Great Northern 123 x U.S. 5 Pinto. Characteristics: erect semi-viny type, 85 days to maturity. Resistance: BCMV (1 and NY15). Adaptation: mountain states. Seed World. 8 Apr. 1960.

2B-5-1 – Breeder: USDA and Agric. Exp. Stat., Univ. of Puerto Rico. Parentage: La Vega/15R-55//Mex 309 x La Vega 7. Characteristics: medium semi-vine habit, dull black seed, resistant to BCMV and rust. 1979.

2W-33-2 – Breeder: USDA and Agric. Exp. Stat., Univ. of Puerto Rico. Parentage: Bonita 1*/Bonita/La Vega (Puerto Rico). Characteristics: white bean seed and low rusting. 1979.

AC Alberta Pink (L94C274) – Breeder: Agri and Agri-Food Research Center, Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada. Parentage: ISB473/4/NW63/3/Swan Valley/2/Redkloud/Kentwood. Characteristics: high yielding, large pink seed; type IIIb indeterminate growth habit; susceptible to white mold, common blight, halo blight, fusarium yellows, pythium root rot and rhizoctonia root rot. Crop Sci. 39:588, 1999. 1998.

AC Burrito (HR61-1608) – Breeder: Agric and Agri-Food Canada Research Center, Harrow, Ontario, Canada. Parentage: Sierra / Fiesta. Characteristics: indeterminate short bush growth habit, early maturity, dark brown, irregular variegation on light brown solid background color, shiny lustered pinto seed. Resistance: tolerance to white mold, mod. tolerance to halo blight and brown spot; susceptible to common blight, anthracnose and BCMV; reaction to root rot less than Othello. 1996.

AC Calmont (HR41-923) – Breeder: Agric. and Agri-Food Canada Research Centre, Harrow, Ontario, Canada. Parentage: California Light Red Kidney x Montcalm. Characteristics: determinate short bush growth habit, medium to full maturity, Dark red kidney, shiny lustered seed. Resistance: BCMV (1 and NY15 strains) and alpha and delta and alpha Brazil races of anthracnose. 1996.

AC Compass (HR70-1774) – Breeder: Agri and Agri-Food Canada Research Center, Harrow, Ontario, Canada. Parentage: W1285c-42603 / OAC Laser. Characteristics: semi-determinate short vine with upright plant type, early maturity, white, dull seed coat with oblong navy bean seed. Resistance: BCMV (race 1, 15), susceptible to anthracnose. 1998.

AC Darkid (HR31-923) – Breeder: Agric. and Agri-Food Canada Research Centre, Harrow, Ontario, Canada. Parentage: California Dark Red Kidney/Montcalm. Characteristics: dark red kidney bean seed, medium maturing, acceptable canning quality. Resistance: BCMV 1 and NY15 strains, and to alpha and alpha Brazilian races of anthracnose. Can. J. Plant Sci. 76:145-146, 1996. 1995.

AC Earlired (L94D186) – Breeder: Agri and Agri-Food Research Center, Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada. Parentage: Ember (Novartis) / 5217(Idaho). Characteristics: type IIIb short vine indeterminate growth habit, early maturing, comparable yields to other small red dry beans; susceptible to white mold, common blight, fusarium yellows and pythium root rot; less susceptible to rhizoctonia root rot. Crop Sci. 39:588, 1999. 1998.

AC Elk (HR48-1290) – Breeder: Agri-Food Canada Research Centre, Harrow, Ontario, Canada. Parentage: Mecosta x MRK44. Characteristics: light red kidney with shiny seed coat, bush determinate growth type, early maturity. Resistance: BCMV race 1 and to alpha and alpha Brazil races of anthracnose. 1996.

AC Hensall (HR43-1582) – Breeder: Agric. and Agri-Food Canada Research Centre, Harrow, Ontario, Canada. Parentage: OAC Rico/4/W1541-1503F2/3/W1336-F2//OAC Seaforth/1667. Characteristics: Navy bean, indeterminate, short vine growth habit, medium early maturing. Resistance: BCMV 1 and NY15 strains, alpha and delta races of anthracnose. 1995.

AC Litekid (HR24-942) – Breeder: Agric. and Agri-Food Canada Research Centre, Harrow, Ontario, Canada. Parentage: Ruddy/California Dark Red Kidney. Characteristics: light red kidney bean seed, medium to full season maturity, acceptable cooking and canning quality. Resistance: alpha and alpha Brazilian races of anthracnose, BCMV 1 and NY15 strains. Can. J. Plant Sci. 76:147-148, 1996. 1995.

AC Ole (HR50-1607) – Breeder: Agric. and Agri-Food Canada Research Centre, Harrow, Ontario, Canada. Parentage: Sierra x Fiesta. Characteristics: pinto bean seed, indeterminate erect growth habit with short vine, medium maturity, acceptable cooking quality. Resistance: BCMV 1 and NY15 strains. 1996.

AC Pintoba (HR55-1608) – Breeder: Agri and Agri-Food Canada Research Center, Harrow, Ontario, Canada. Parentage: Sierra / Fiesta. Characteristics: short vined indeterminate growth habit; dark brown, irregular variegation on buff-colored solid background with shiny lustered pinto seed. Resistance: BCMV( race 1, 15); susceptible to anthracnose, tolerant to white mold; reaction similar to Othello for halo blight, brown spot, rust and root rot reaction. 1998.

AC Redbond (L94D007) – Breeder: Agric. and Agri-Food Canada Research Center, Lethbridge, AB, Canada. Parentage: Ember //2 / (NW63 // Redkloud / Kentwood). Characteristics: type IIb indeterminate growth habit, early maturing, high yielding, small red dry bean well suited to narrow row production. Resistance: moderately susceptible to white mold and rhizoctonia root rot, susceptible to common blight and halo blight, moderately resistant to fusarium yellows. Crop Sci. 40:855, 2000. 1999.

AC Skipper (LRS91-1) – Breeder: Agri and Agri-Food Canada Research Center, Lethbridge, AB, Canada. Parentage: Redkloud/Kentwood*2/2Swan Valley/4/ Redkloud/Kentwood*2/2/Swan Valley/3/Kentwood. Characteristics: determinate short bush Type I growth habit, white, semi-shiny seed coat. Resistance: cortical root rot, pythium and rhizoctonia root rot, bacterial blight and white mold. Crop Sci. 36:207, 1996. 1995.

AC Trident (HR74-1756) – Breeder: Agri and Agri-Food Canada Research Center, Harrow, Ontario, Canada. Parentage: OAC Gryphon / OAC Laser. Characteristics: semi-determinate short vine upright plant type; white, dull luster seed coat, medium late maturity. Resistance: BCMV (race 1 and 15), susceptible to anthracnose. 1999.

Admiral – Breeder and vendor: Idaho Seed Bean Co., Twin Falls, Idaho. Characteristics: navy bean, type I bush plant habit, intermediate maturity. Resistance: rust halo blight, BCMV (1 and NY15 strains) and curly top virus. 1981.

Agassiz (D81127B) – Breeder and vendor: Rogers Seed Co., Nampa, Idaho. Characteristics: pinto bean, type Ib growth habit, moderately early. Resistance: BCMV. 1993.

Agate (D77213) – Breeder and vendor: Rogers Bros. Seed Co. Parentage: Ouray x UI 114. Characteristics: open pollinated, bush pinto. Resistance: bean rust, BCMV. Adaptation: wide. 1982.

Agri-I (Lakeland) – Breeder and vendor: Gentec. Parentage: Upland/8/Upland/PI 326418. Characteristics: Navy bean; not the same as Lakeland green bean. Resistance: BCMV (I gene) and to beta, gamma, delta races of bean anthracnose (Are gene). 1984.

Albion (XPB166) – Breeder and vendor: Asgrow Seed Co. Characteristics: early navy bean with good yield and high quality. Resistance: BCMV. 1987.

Alpine (MSU#G89003) – Breeder: Michigan Agric. Exp. Stat. and USDA-ARS. Parentage: Starlight/P86297. Characteristics: Great Northern, upright type II growth habit, mid-season. Resistance: rust (Ur-3 gene). Crop Sci. 32:1509-1510, 1992. 1992.

Amber (677133) – Breeder and vendor: Rogers Bros. Seed Co. Open pollinated. Parentage: Ouray x UI 111. Characteristics: open pollinated, bush pinto. Resistance: BCMV and curly top. Adaptation: northwestern US. 1982.

Anacaona (L-86020) – Breeder: CIAS, Ministry of Agriculture, Dominican Republic, University of Nebraska and University of Puerto Rico. Parentage: L227-1///B-190 /XR235//L183-1. Characteristics: type II indeterminate growth habit, matures in 70 days, small white elliptically shaped seed exceeding yield of Arroyo Loro, well adapted to low and intermediate altitudes. Resistance: rust, BCMV, common blight and web blight. 1998.

Anchor (XPB228) – Breeder and vendor: Asgrow. Characteristics: dry bean; early maturity with good yield and very good product quality. Resistance: bean common mosaic virus. Similar: Avanti. PVP. 1991.

Apache (ISBBb211) – Breeder and vendor: Idaho Seed Bean Co., Twin Falls, Idaho. Parentage: Beldak RR-2. Characteristics: Pinto seed, type III plant habit, good seed quality, moderate maturity. Resistance: 38 rust strains (CNC, Ur-3, Ur-6 genes). Adaptation: broad. Crop Sci. 29:834-835, 1989. 1995.

Arapaho (CO80-1744) – Breeder: Colorado Agric. Exp. Stat. Parentage: Pinto UI 114/MO19/3/1367-1/N203/Ouray. Characteristics: Pinto bean, moderate upright type II to type III habit, moderate avoidance of white mold infection. Resistance: BCMV type and NY15 strains. Crop Sci. 35:1511-1512, 1995. 1993.

Arctic – Breeder: C. Muehlfeld, Bridgeport, MI. Characteristics: Navy bean, bush plant habit, early. Resistance: BCMV (strain 1) and halo blight. 1981.

Aresteuben (Stueben BC6-Arc) – Breeder: Agric. Canada Research Stat., Harrow, Canada. Parentage: Stueben 6*/Stueben x PI 32648. Characteristics: short vine type, medium size and yellow eye seed, good cooking quality. Resistance: BCMV NY15, alpha, beta, gamma and delta races of bean anthracnose. 1986.

Arroyo Loro (2W-33-2) – Breeder: Puerto Rico Agric. Exp. Stat. and USDA-ARS. Parentage: Bonita*1/Bonita/La Vega. Characteristics: White bean, type II growth habit. Resistance: BCMV (I gene) and expresses small pustule size to many rust races. Adaptation: Puerto Rico, Dominican Republic. Crop Sci. 30:746, 1990. 1979.

Arroyo Loro Negro (MSU-N-4-11) – Breeder: CIAS, Ministry of Agriculture, Dominican Republic, University of Nebraska and University of Puerto Rico. Parentage: H-270/XAN223. Characteristics: indeterminate, short vine, type II growth habit, matures in 70 days, elliptical opaque black seed. Resistance: rust, web blight and CBB; susceptible to BGMV. 1998.

Arthur (ND91-076-01) – Breeder: North Dakota Agricultural Expt. Station, ND State, Fargo, ND. Parentage: N85027/4/81-049-08/82-147-21//Neptune/81-077-06/3/N85007. Characteristics: type IIa extremely erect plant growth, seed is high yielding and slightly larger than navy bean Norstar and earlier than Mayflower. Resistance: lodging, BCMV; good resistance to leafhopper damage and rust with some genetic resistance to white mold. 2000.

Atlas – Breeder and vendor: Stokely-Van Camp Co., Spokane, WA. Characteristics: Small, white. Resistance: certain viruses in Columbia Basin. Adaptation: wide. 1968.

Auburn (D83360) – Breeder and vendor: Rogers Seed Co., Nampa, Idaho. Characteristics: light red kidney seed, type Ia growth habit, early maturity, broad adaptation, good canning quality. Resistance: BCMV (I gene) and rust. 1992.

Aurora (NY 69-6207-02) – Breeder: New York State College of Agric. and Life Sciences, Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY. Parentage: Black Turtle Soup/Cornell 49-242. Characteristics: Small white, similar to California Small White 53 and 59 in seed size and shape, medium early, type IIb growth habit. Resistance: rust, BCMV NY15 strain, and halo blight. Adaptation: wide in US. NY Food and Life Sci. Quart. 6:14-15, 1973. 1973.

Avanti (XP-B229) – Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds. Parentage: C20/Seafarer. Characteristics: Navy bean, indeterminate bush, good canning quality. Resistance: BCMV (I gene), moderate resistance to white mold and moderate tolerance to air pollution. 1990.

Avenger (SVC EXP No. 7991) – Breeder and vendor: Stokely-Van Camp Co. Characteristics: white, small seeded, semi-bush, high quality and yield, medium maturity. Resistance: BCMV (BV1, NY15) and curly top. Adaptation: western US.

Aztec (MSU#P89430) – Breeder: Michigan Agric. Exp. Stat. and USDA-ARS. Parentage: CO81-12034/P86297. Characteristics: Pinto bean, upright type II plant habit, early season. Resistance: alpha race of anthracnose. Crop Sci. 32:1509, 1992. 1992.

B-128 – Breeder: USDA and Agric. Exp. Stat., Univ. of Puerto Rico. Parentage: 15R-55/50600 (Costa Rica). Characteristics: Dull black seed. Resistance: BCMV and low rusting. 1979.

B-190 – Breeder: USDA and Agric. Exp. Stat., Univ. of Puerto Rico. Parentage: Mex 309/50600 (Costa Rica). Characteristics: semi-vine plant habit, dull black seed. Resistance: BCMV and rust. 1979.

B-351 – Breeder: USDA and Agric. Exp. Stat., Univ. of Puerto Rico. Parentage: Bonita/Jamapa (Mexico). Characteristics: short semi-vine plant habit, shiny black seed. Resistance: BCMV and low rusting. 1979.

Baliff (SVC EXPT No. 3406 BC) – Breeder and vendor: Stokely-Van Camp Co. Characteristics: white, small seeded, semi-bush, high yield, medium maturity. Resistance: BCMV, curly top, summer death, and bean rust. Adaptation: western US. 1969.

Beluga – Breeder: Michigan Agricultural Expt. Station, Michigan State, East Lansing, MI. Parentage: BEA / Lassen. Characteristics: upright determinate plant growth, large white seed equivalent to white kidney beans, maturity similar to Montcalm. Resistance: I gene to BCMV, immune to rust, susceptible to halo blight, common blight, and Fusarium root rot. Crop Sci. 38:885, 1998. 1998.

Beryl (D81088) – Breeder and vendor: Rogers Seed Co., Nampa, Idaho. Characteristics: Great Northern, type IIIb plant habit, intermediate maturity. Resistance: BCMV (Ibc genes), white mold tolerant. 1987.

Bigbend (Columbia Red Mexican No. 1) – Breeder: USDA and Washington State Univ., Prosser. Vendor: Washington Bean Dealers. Parentage: Liberino (from Columbia S.A.) x Red Mexican UI-34. Characteristics: earlier maturing and shorter vined than UI-34. Resistance: BCMV (NY15) and other important seed-borne viruses. Similar: UI-34. Adaptation: western US. 1966.

Bill Z (81-13197) – Breeder: Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO. Parentage: Pink Gloria/Pinto 3526. Characteristics: Pinto, type III growth habit. Resistance: BCMV (type 1 and NY15 strains) and curly top virus. Adaptation: western states of US. Crop Sci. 29:488, 1989. 1987.

Black Beauty (SVC No. 1012) – Breeder and vendor: Stokely-Van Camp Co., Spokane, WA. Characteristics: small, black seeded, vigorous upright bush, high yield and quality, medium maturity, very concentrated set of pods high in plant, does not shatter. Resistance: curly top, BCMV (1 and NY15) and two spotted mite; tolerant to root-rot. Similar: Black Turtle. Adaptation: western US. 1972.

Black Knight (CU-M90) – Breeder: Florida, Idaho, Cornell Agricultural Expt. Stations. Parentage: Midnight/6/Midnight/5/Midnight/4/Midnight/3/Midnight //(US1140/Black Turtle Soup I)F3. Characteristics: black seed coat equivalent size and performance, but better general appearance than Midnight. Resistance: lodging, BCMV, white mold, common blight, halo blight, and a complex of root rots. 1998.

Black Magic (MSU#61356) – Breeder: Michigan Agric. Exp. Stat. and USDA-ARS. Parentage: F3 NEP-2/Black Turtle Soup. Characteristics: Black bean, type II upright short vine growth. Resistance: BCMV (I gene), rust, beta, gamma, and delta races of anthracnose, and tolerant to oxidant air pollution injury caused by ozone. Crop Sci. 27:363, 1987. 1981.

Black Turtle Soup – Breeder: New York State Agric. Exp. Stat. Parentage: landrace from South America. Characteristics: Black bean, type III growth habit, late maturity. Resistance: rust and BCMV (1 and NY15 strains).

Black Velvet (EX 08520643) – Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds. Parentage: inbred line. Characteristics: upright indeterminate habit; processing type; black bean with a nice erect plant and full season maturity (105-110 days); seed size plumper than standard cultivars; canned quality as good or better than that of standard cultivars; yields consistently good. Resistance: Bean common mosaic virus (I gene), anthracnose (race Alpha). Similar: Midnight. Adaptation: NAFTA. 2004.

Blackhawk (MSU#B83302) – Breeder: Michigan Agric. Exp. Stat. and USDA-ARS. Parentage: Tuscola/CN49-242//Black Magic/3/Midnight. Characteristics: Black bean, erect type II short vine growth habit. Resistance: BCMV (I gene), anthracnose (Are gene), rust, and tolerant to oxidant air pollution. Crop Sci. 30:744-745, 1990. 1989.

Bonita (No. 1632) – Breeder: Puerto Rico Agric. Expt. Stat., Rio Piedras. Vendor: Seed Farms Division, Puerto Rico Agric. Expt. Stat. Parentage: 12-generations selection of native strain. Characteristics: very prolific, high protein content. Resistance: bean rust. Similar: native white cultivar. Adaptation: regional in the tropics. 1947.

Bonus – Breeder and vendor: Stokely Van Camp Co., Spokane, WA. Parentage: Red Mexican UI 35 selection/Calproof 38. Characteristics: Small white, type III growth habit, moderately late. Resistance: halo blight, BCMV (strain 1), and curly top virus. 1965.

Borinquen – Breeder: Puerto Rico Expt. Stat. Rio Piedras. Vendor: Seed Farms Division, Puerto Rico Agric. Expt. Stat. Parentage: 10-generation selection of native red bean. Similar: native red cultivar. Characteristics: very prolific, good cooking qualities. Resistance: rust. Adaptation: tropics. 1950.

Bos’n – Breeder and vendor: Idaho Seed Bean Co., Twin Falls, Idaho. Characteristics: Navy bean, type I bush plant habit, moderately early. Resistance: halo blight, rust, BCMV (1 and NY strains) and curly top virus. 1981.

Buckskin (RNK101) – Breeder and vendor: Rogers Seed Co., Nampa, Idaho. Characteristics: Pinto bean seed, good seed quality, early maturity, type IIIb plant habit. Resistance: BCMV and moderately tolerant to root rot. 1995.

Burke (IS-4913-B) – Breeder: Washington Agric. Research Center and the USDA-ARS. Parentage: Othello/Sierra. Characteristics: high-yielding, semi-upright to prostrate type II pinto bean, midseason maturity; tan, cuboid, dark brown mottled seed. Resistance: CTV, BCMV, BCMNV, Ur-6 rust resistance. 1997.

Buster (XP 8550517) – Breeder: Seminis Veg. Seeds, Woodland, CA. Characteristics: exceptional yield, full season maturity. Resistance: I gene res. to BCMV, rust. Similar: Vision. 1999.

C 20 (76706-D6-B) – Breeder: Michigan Agric. Exp. Stat. and USDA-ARS. Parentage: Jamapa/Nep-2//W-20/Kentwood. Characteristics: Navy bean; type II upright short vine plant habit; full season. Resistance: BCMV (I gene), rust, beta, gamma, and delta races of anthracnose; field tolerant to ozone pollution and to halo blight, white mold, and root rot; tolerant to Michigan halo blight. Crop Sci. 24:822, 1984. 1982.

Cabernet (XP 341) – Breeder: Seminis Veg. Seeds, Woodland, CA. Characteristics: dark red kidney, improved harvest quality. Resistance: I gene res. to BCMV. Similar: Isles and Red Hawk. 1999.

Cahone (C277159) – Breeder: Colorado State Univ. Exp. Stat. Parentage: (A56244-39/UI 111//A56244-8/3/Yellow Jacket). Characteristics: Pinto bean, vine to semi-vine growth habit. Resistance: BCMV (type 1 and NY15 strains). 1981.

Cajun (ROG001) – Breeder and vendor: Rogers Seed Co., Nampa, Idaho. Characteristics: small red bean, type IIb growth habit, intermediate maturity. Resistance: BCMV (I gene). 1996.

California #59 – Breeder: Univ. of California, Davis, California. Parentage: Small white #7/Small White/Idaho Refugee. Characteristics: Small white bean, type III plant habit, late maturity. Resistance: BCMV (strain 1). 1958.

Camelot (D83351) – Breeder and vendor: Rogers Seed Co., Nampa, Idaho. Characteristics: Dark red kidney, type IA growth habit, moderately early, good canner. Resistance: BCMV (I gene). 1994.

Capital (SVC EXP No. 1110) – Breeder and vendor: Stokely-Van Camp Co., Spokane, WA. Characteristics: White, small seeded, bush, good quality, high yield, early maturity, very uniform seed size. Resistance: BCMV (1 and NY15) and curly top. Adaptation: western US. 1973.

Captain – Breeder and vendor: Idaho Seed Bean Co., Twin Falls, Idaho. Characteristics: Navy bean, type II growth habit, intermediate maturity. Resistance: rust, halo blight, BCMV (1 and NY15 strains) and curly top virus. 1981.

Carbon (536-1BK-3BK) – Breeder: USDA and Agric. Exp. Stat., Univ. of Puerto Rico. Parentage: recurrent selection using as one of the parents a hybrid plant in PI 180760 (Germany). Characteristics: black shiny seed, semi-vine habit, vigorous plant. Resistance: high to soil-borne diseases, rust, and BCMV. 1979.

Cardinal (Cran 0425) – Breeder: USDA-ARS and Michigan State Univ. Parentage: selections within Cranberry type UI-30. Characteristics: Cranberry, type I growth habit, early maturity, large seed. Resistance: BCMV (I gene). Adaptation: Michigan. 1986.

Carmine (SVC No. 080) – Breeder and vendor: Stokely-Van Camp Co., Spokane, WA. Parentage: derived from combination of selected tester stocks by hybridization. Characteristics: Dark-red seed, vigorous bush, medium maturity, high quality, tolerant of moisture and temperature stresses. Resistance: BCMV (1 and NY15), curly top, bacteria brown spot and rust. Adaptation: midwestern and western US. 1975.

Chardonnay (XP340) – Breeder: Seminis Veg. Seeds, Woodland, CA. Characteristics: light red kidney, bush type plant, good canning quality. Resistance: I gene res. to BCMV. Similar: Foxfire. 1999.

Charlevoix – Breeder: USDA and Michigan State Univ., East Lansing. Parentage: F6 (Dark Red Kidney x Brazilian Red Kidney). Characteristics: Dark red kidney, plant height 14 to 16 inches, maturity 90 to 95 days, pods 5 to 6 inches, about 5 seeds per pod; earlier by 7 to 10 days than Dark Red Kidney and slightly taller. Resistance: alpha and beta races of Colletotrichum lindemuthianum. Adaptation: Michigan. Mich. Quart. Bul. Summer. 1963.

Chase (PWM2-89-5) – Breeder: Univ. of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE. Parentage: PWM2-84-45/6/Great Northern Nebr. #sel. 27/Tacaragua//GN Nebr. #1 sel. 27/Tacaragua/5/GN Nebr. #1 sel. 27*6/GN Nebr. #1 sel. 27/Pinto UI 111. Characteristics: Pinto, type III growth habit, compact with fairly open canopy. Resistance: common bacterial blight, halo blight, brown spot, rust (Ur-3 gene), and with moderate avoidance of white mold. Adaptation: western Nebraska, eastern Colorado, Wyoming, and North Dakota. HortScience 29:44-55, 1994. 1993.

Chianti (XP 08530759) – Breeder and vendor: Seminis. Parent-age: open pollinated. Characteristics: cranberry bean; upright determinate plant type, matures in 90 days, processor type, better than any current determinate bush cranberry type. Resistance: Bean common mosaic (‘‘I’’ gene). Similar: Michigan Improved Cran, Dolly. Adaptation: NAFTA-processor dry edible bean areas. 2005.

Chief (SVC EXP No. 3409) – Breeder and vendor: Stokely-Van Camp Co. Characteristics: White, small seeded, semi-bush, high quality and yield, medium maturity, very uniform seed size and plant type. Resistance: BCMV (1 and NY15) and curly top. Adaptation: western US. 1973.

Chinook (MSU#K86506) – Breeder: Michigan Agric. Exp. Stat. and USDA-ARS. Parentage: CN49242/3*Montcalm//Redkloud. Characteristics: Light red kidney, erect determinate type I growth habit, mid-season maturity. Resistance: BCMV (I and bc-12 genes), rust, and alpha, beta, delta, lambda, and epsilon races of anthracnose. Crop Sci. 32:492-493, 1992. 1991.

Chinook 2000 (K94601) – Breeder: Michigan Agric. Expt. Station and USDA-ARS. Parentage: reselection from within cultivar Chinook. Characteristics: type I upright determinant bush growth habit; large red kidney seed with acceptable canning quality equivalent to Chinook. Resistance: BCMV (I gene), resistance to anthracnose, immune to indigenous rust, tolerant to isolates of halo blight and white mold, susceptible to Fusarium root rot. Crop Sci. 39:293, 1999. 1998.

Chorro (527-1BK-1BK) – Breeder: USDA and Agric. Exp. Stat., Univ. of Puerto Rico. Parentage: recurrent selection utilizing a hybrid plant as one source of traits in PI 207198 (Colombia). Characteristics: Pinto, medium-sized seed, high yielding with vigorous vine habit, extensive root system. Resistance: soil-borne diseases, BCMV, rust; moderately resistant to angular leaf spot. 1979.

CIAS-95 (PC-21-SMA) – Breeder: CIAS, Ministry of Agriculture, Dominican Republic, University of Nebraska, University of Puerto Rico. Parentage:PC-50/BAT 1274. Characteristics: type I determinate bush growth habit, matures in 75-80 days, dark red mottled elliptical seed exceeding the yields of PC-50. Resistance: rust, strain NY-15, susceptible to BGMV, BCMV and BCMV necrotic virus. Crop Sci. 40:857, 2000. 1988.

Cinnabar (D81125) – Breeder and vendor: Rogers Seed Co., Nampa, Idaho. Characteristics: Pinto bean, type IIb, intermediate maturity. Resistance: BCMV. 1993.

Clipper – Breeder: Central Experimental Farm, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Parentage: Burbank x Beauty; most nearly resembles navy cultivar, characterized by early maturity and good yield. Resistance: anthracnose, BCMV, common blight, halo blight. Handbook of Cereal Varieties. 1949.

Columbia Pinto – Breeder: USDA Pl. Ind. Stat. and Wash. Agric. Expt. Stat., Prosser, WA. Parentage: U.S. 5 Pinto x Great Northern UI-123 x Pinto UI-78. Resistance: curly top, BCMV (1 and NY15) virus and many strains of rust. Adaptation: western United States. Wash. Agric. Expt. Stat. Circ. 310, June 1957.

Congo Rico (70-R-40-BK-A) – Breeder: USDA and Agric. Exp. Stat., Univ. of Puerto Rico. Parentage: Selection from PI 199043 (Zaire). Characteristics: Cranberry-type bean seed, medium height, upright bush habit; lodging resistant, strong well-formed root system, early maturity. Resistance: BCMV. Adaptation: humid tropical climate. 1976.

Coulee (Columbia Red Mexican No. 2) – Breeder: USDA and Washington State Univ., Prosser. Vendor: Washington Bean Dealers. Parentage: (Red Mexican UI-34 x a Pinto type) x Red Mexican UI-34. Characteristics: Red Mexican, earlier in maturity and shorter vine than Bigbend. Resistance: BCMV (NY15), other important seed-borne viruses. Similar: Bigbend, early Idaho cultivars UI-36 and UI-37. Adaptation: western US. 1966.

Crestwood (GT0381) – Breeder and vendor: Gentec. Parentage: Ex Rico 23*3/ExRico 23/PI326418. Characteristics: Navy bean. Resistance: white mold and alpha, beta, gamma, delta races of anthracnose. 1986.

Crimson (ROG4505) – Breeder and vendor: Rogers Seed Co., Nampa, Idaho. Characteristics: small red bean, type IIa growth habit, intermediate maturity. Resistance: BCMV (I gene). 1993.

D81126 (D81126) – Breeder and vendor: Rogers Seed Co., Nampa, Idaho. Characteristics: Pinto bean, type II to IIIb growth habit, early maturity. Resistance: BCMV. 1991.

Dolly (XP 8504118) – Vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds-Asgrow. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: late maturing, large seed size bush borlotti for the dry seed market that exports to Italy; good yields and seed size makes this cultivar very attractive; good color contrast. Resistance: BCMV, beet common mosaic. Similar: Cran 09, ASI Taylor’s, Hooter. Adaptation: Canada, Michigan. 2002.

Domino (MSU#61380) – Breeder: Michigan Agric. Exp. Stat. and USDA-ARS. Parentage: NEP-2/Black Turtle Soup. Characteristics: Black bean, type II upright short vine growth habit. Resistance: BCMV (I gene), rust, gamma race of anthracnose, and tolerant to oxidant air pollution injury. Crop Sci. 27:363, 1987. 1981.

Drake (XPB 279) – Breeder and vendor: Asgrow. Parentage: Charlevoix/Dark Red Kidney breeding line. Characteristics: Red kidney; type I growth habit; early maturity, excellent canning quality. Resistance: BCMV (I gene). Similar: Charlevoix dark red kidney. 1993.

DRK 57 (Sapatsika) – Breeder: Chitedze Agricultural Research Stn., Malawi. Parentage: PVA 142 X TIB 33341// PVA 1426 X A 197. Characteristics: erect, semi-determinate, matures in 90 days, red large kidney seeds that grow well in cool environments and performs well when intercropped with good yield potential; good level of resistance to common disease. 1995.

Duty (SVC EXP No. 243) – Breeder and vendor: Stokely-Van Camp Co. Characteristics: very early pea bean type; pea bean seed size, productive and very good processed quality. Resistance: BCMV (1 and NY15) and curly top. Adaptation: northwestern US. 1974.

Ebony – Breeder and vendor: Wilbur-Ellis Co. Seed Division, Spokane, WA. Parentage: Cal Proof #38/Red Mexican UI 35. Characteristics: Black bean, bush type plant, moderate maturity. Resistance: BCMV (1 and NY15 strains) and curly top virus. 1981.

Emerson – Breeder: Nebraska Agric. Expt. Serv., Lincoln. Parentage: PI 165078 x GN 1140. Characteristics: large bright white seed coat. Resistance: orange, yellow, and purple strains of bacterial wilt and common blight. Adaptation: Nebraska, Kansas, and Wyoming. Nebraska Agric. Expt. Serv. Bul. 576, 1971.

Enola – Breeder: L.M. Proctor, 269 State Hwy. 348, Delta, Colorado. Parentage: bulk of yellow seeded single plant selections made in a heterogeneous population obtained in Mexico. Characteristics: yellow seed bean; maturity in 100 to 105 days. 1999.

Etna (XPB 213) – Breeder and vendor: Asgrow. Parentage: Taylors Hort/Mosaic resistant Cranberry breeding line. Characteristics: Cranberry bean, type I bush, early maturing. Resistance: BCMV (I gene). Similar: Taylors Horticultural. PVP. 1987.

Fargo (ROG136) – Breeder and vendor: Rogers Seed Co., Nampa, Idaho. Characteristics: Pinto bean seed, semi-upright type IIIb, moderately early maturity, broad adaptation. Resistance: BCMV; moderately tolerant to root rot. 1995.

Fiesta – Breeder and vendor: Idaho Seed Bean, Twin Falls, Idaho. Parentage: UI-111//UI-111/Great Northern unknown cultivar. Characteristics: Pinto, early, upright indeterminate plant habit. Resistance: BCMV type 1 and NY strains. 1981.

Fisher (CZ59196) – Breeder: Colorado Agric. Exp. Stat. Parentage: San Juan/A56-240//Yellow Jacket/3/Olathe/AR83-2. Characteristics: Pinto bean, type III growth habit. Resistance: BCMV type 1, NY15, Mexican, and Ur-3 strains. Crop Sci. 35:1511, 1995. 1994.

Flamingo – Breeder and vendor: Idaho Seed Bean Co., Twin Falls, Idaho. Characteristics: Pink bean and type III growth habit. 1988.

Fleetside (GTS 0285) – Breeder and vendor: Gen-Tec Seeds Ltd., Woodslee, Ontario, Canada. Parentage: Fleetwood/Cornell 49-242//Fleetwood/Seafarer. Characteristics: Navy bean, slightly shiny seed, determinate, spreading bush. Resistance: BCMV type 1 and NY15, alpha, beta, gamma, delta races of bean anthracnose, and tolerant to air pollution. 1983.

Flint (81122) – Breeder and vendor: Rogers Seed Co., Nampa, Idaho. Characteristics: Pinto bean, type II to IIIb growth habit, intermediate maturity. Resistance: BCMV. 1991.

Focus (XPB309) – Breeder and vendor: Asgrow Seed Co. Characteristics: Pinto bean, upright plant type, high pod set. Resistance: BCMV. 1994.

Foxfire (RNK702) – Breeder and vendor: Rogers Seed Co., Nampa, Idaho. Characteristics: Light red kidney, upright type Ia bush habit, early maturity. Resistance: BCMV (I gene) and rust, moderately tolerant to halo blight and brown spot. Adaptation: broad. 1992.

Frontier (88-019-10-02) – Breeder: North Dakota Agric. Exp. Stn. Parentage: PX-057/Sierra. Characteristics: erect architecture Type IIb growth habit; traditional pinto size, shape and coloration, high yielding and full season. Resistance: Ur-3 rust resistance, recessive resistance allele bc-12 BCMV, and some avoidance of white mold due to erect growth habit. Crop Sci. 39:589, 1999. 1997.

Gala – Breeder and vendor: Idaho Seed Bean Co., Twin Falls, Idaho. Characteristics: Pinto bean, type III growth habit, moderately early. Resistance: BCMV (1 and NY15 strains), curly top virus and halo blight. 1981.

Garnet (D77216) – Breeder and vendor: Rogers Bros. Seed Co. Parentage: Sutter Pink x Ul 37; open pollinated. Characteristics: Early maturity, small red seed. Resistance: curly top, BCMV, and seedcoat cracks. Adaptation: northwestern US. 1982.

Gloria (GR-5) – Breeder: ARS-USDA and Washington State Univ. Parentage: Sutter Pink//virus-resistant red-seeded bush breeding line/Red Mexican UI-35/PI 203958. Characteristics: Pink bean, early maturing, short type III plant habit. Resistance: prevalent type and NY15 strains of BCMV, and fusarium root rot. Crop Sci. 22:684, 1982. 1974.

GN 196-2 – Breeder: ARS-USDA and Washington Agric. Exp. Stat. Parentage: UI 114/2/Pinto UI 114/PI 203598/3/Pinto UI-114/4/Red Mexican UI-35/PI 203598/5/red-seeded early maturing Japanese bush bean. Characteristics: Bright seeded Pinto, good cooking quality, high yielding under root rot stress. Resistance: curly top and BCMV. 1986.

Gratiot (8969) – Breeder: USDA and Michigan State Univ., East Lansing. Parentage: F6 F4 BC4 (Michelite Bush X-ray mutant x B1788) x Sanilac. Characteristics: Midseason pea bean, upright, bush type. Resistance: alpha, beta, gamma races of Colletotrichum lindemuthianum and BCM-1, 15, and 123 races of common bean mosaic; tends to escape infection by Selerotinia sclerotiorum. Similar: Sanilac. Adaptation: pea bean areas of the US and Canada. 1963.

Harofleet (Fleetwood Are) – Breeder: Agric. Canada Research Stat., Harrow and Crop Science Dept., Univ. of Guelph. Parentage: Fleetwood 6*/PI326418/Fleetwood. Characteristics: Navy bean, bush plant habit, very white glossy seed coat. Resistance: BCMV (1 and NY15 strains) and anthracnose (Are gene). 1983.

Harokent (Kentwood 83) – Breeder: Agric. Canada Research Stat., Harrow, Canada and Crop Science Dept., Univ. of Guelph, Canada. Parentage: Kentwood 6*/PI 326418/Kentwood. Characteristics: Navy bean, bush plant type, same maturity and seed as Kentwood. Resistance: BCMV (1 and NY15 strains) and anthracnose (Are gene). 1983.

Harold (GH-1053) – Breeder: USDA-ARS and Agric. Exp. Sta., Washington, Idaho, and Oregon. Parentage: Victor/Aurora. Characteristics: Pink bean, type III short vine growth habit. Resistance: BCMV type 1 and NY15 strains, curly top, and field resistance to fusarium root rot. Adaptation: western states US. Crop Sci. 35:943, 1995. 1983.

Harris – Breeder: Univ. of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE. Parentage: Bulk of 100 early maturing plants in Great Northern (GN) Valley. Characteristics: Great Northern, type III growth habit. Resistance: common bacterial blight, brown spot, halo blight, and BCMV. Adaptation: western Nebraska, eastern Wyoming and Idaho. HortScience 15:531, 1980. 1980.

Hatton (88-025-02) – Breeder: North Dakota Agric. Exp. Stat. Parentage: PX-057/87-071-01. Characteristics: Pinto bean, medium early, type IIIa plant habit. Resistance: BCMV (bc-1, bc-2 genes). Adaptation: northern Great Plains. Ann. Report Bean Improv. Cooperative 31:223, 1988. 1995.

Holberg (GR-364 and ND364) – Breeder: North Dakota and Washington Agric. Exp. Sta. and USDA-ARS. Parentage: Viva Pink/Pinto SR-568. Characteristics: Pinto bean, type III growth habit. Resistance: BCMV type 1 and NY15 strains, curly top virus, fusarium root rot. Crop Sci. 23:1219, 1983. 1982.

Horizon (XPB212) – Breeder and vendor: Asgrow Seed Co. Characteristics: type I growth habit, very early light red kidney bean with excellent bean quality. Resistance: BCMV. 1990.

Huron (N90563) – Breeder: Michigan Agric. Exp. Stat. and USDA-ARS. Parentage: C20/Harokent. Characteristics: Navy bean, upright type II indeterminate growth habit, mid-season. Resistance: BCMV (I gene), alpha race of anthracnose (A gene) and rust (Ur-3 gene). Crop Sci. 34:1408, 1994. 1994.

Hyden (NW-230) – Breeder: USDA-ARS and Washington State Univ. Parentage: Aurora/Pinto UI 114. Characteristics: Navy bean, upright open type II growth habit, early maturing. Resistance: BCMV (I gene), curly top virus, fusarium root rot. Crop Sci. 35:942, 1995. 1985.

ICA Bunsi – Breeder: Colombian Agric. Institute (ICA), Colombia. Parentage: Magdalena 8/Japan 3. Characteristics: Navy bean, type II plant habit, tolerant to white mold. Resistance: BCMV (I gene), rust, ozone pollution. 1974.

Isabella (MSU#70688) – Breeder: Michigan Agric. Exp. Stat. and USDA-ARS. Parentage: Redkloud/Mecosta. Characteristics: Light red kidney, type I upright growth habit, early maturity. Resistance: to BCMV (I and bc genes), rust and the alpha race of anthracnose. Crop Sci. 27:363-364, 1987. 1982.

ISB 462 – Breeder and vendor: Idaho Seed Bean Co., Twin Falls, Idaho. Characteristics: Pink bean, type III growth habit, early maturity. Resistance: BCMV (type 1 and NY15 strains), curly top virus. 1989.

Isles (K86012) – Breeder: Michigan Agric. Exp. Stat. and the USDA-ARS. Parentage: Isabella//CN49242/3*Montcalm//Charlevoix. Characteristics: Dark red kidney, full season, upright type I determinate bush growth habit. Resistance: BCMV (I gene), all North American races of anthracnose (A and Are genes), rust. Crop Sci. 34:1407-1408, 1994. 1994.

Ivory (D80152) – Breeder and vendor: Rogers Seed Co., Nampa, ID. Characteristics: Great Northern, type III growth habit, early maturity. Resistance: BCMV, common blight. 1983.

Jaguar (B95556) – Breeder: Michigan Agr. Expt. Stn. and USDA-ARS. Parentage: B90211 / N90616. Characteristics: short vine indeterminate (Type IIa) growth habit; small opaque black seed with typical characteristics of commercial black beans, maturing in 93 days. Resistance: I gene resistance to BCMV, resistance to anthracnose, Ur-3 rust resistance and tolerance to white mold, mod. susceptible to common blight. 2000.

JB-178 (PR9705-178) – Breeder: CIAS, Ministry of Dominican Republic, University of Nebraska, University of Puerto Rico. Parentage: Jose Beta / C1308. Characteristics: Type I determinate growth habit, matures in 55 to 60 days, light red mottled, elliptical seed, well adapted to low and intermediate altitudes. Resistance: partial resistance to rust, susceptible to BGMV, BCMV and BCMV necrotic virus-NL3. Crop Sci. 40:857, 2000. 1998.

Jules (Nebr. 67-90) – Breeder: Univ. of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE. Parentage: Great Northern Nebr. #1 sel. 27/GN 1140. Characteristics: type III growth habit, late maturity. Resistance: common blight. Similar: GN Tara. Adaptation: western Nebraska. Plant Disease Rptr. 54:557-559, 1970. 1979.

Kamiakin (K83 and K279) – Breeder: USDA-ARS and Washington State Univ. Parentage: Royal Red/Redkote. Characteristics: Light red kidney bean, strong upright type I growth habit. Resistance: curly top virus and BCMV (I gene). Crop Sci. 35:944, 1995. 1986.

Kardinal (K333 and GRK333) – Breeder: USDA-ARS, Washington State Univ., and Univ. of Idaho. Parentage: Manitou/5/Pinto UI-114/3/Pinto UI-112/2/UI-112/PI 203958/4/Jacob’s Cattle. Characteristics: Light red kidney bean, strong upright type I growth habit, maturity 90 to 100 days. Resistance: curly top virus and BCMV (I gene). Crop Sci. 35:944, 1995. 1986.

Kodiak (P94207) – Breeder: Michigan Agr. Expt. Stn. and USDA-ARS. Parentage: P90557 / G91213. Characteristics: indeterminate Type II growth habit with mid season maturity; typical flat pinto bean shape and color with canning quality comparing to other commercial cultivars such as Othello. Resistance: I gene and bc-12 gene resistance to BCMV, resistance to rust, susceptible to anthracnose, tolerance to white mold and susceptible to common blight. Crop Sci. 39:292, 1999. 1998.

La Vega (R-19) – Breeder: USDA and Agric. Exp. Stat., Univ. of Puerto Rico. Parentage: Bulk selection in PI287536 (Holland). Characteristics: semi-vine, high yielding and intermediate in maturity, dull black bean. Resistance: Rhynchosia mosaic virus, BCMV, cowpea mosaic virus, a beetle transmitted virus, slow rusting. Adaptation: tropical climate. 1973.

Laker (C-15) – Breeder: Michigan Agric. Exp. Stat. and USDA-ARS. Parentage: ICA-Pijao/Nep-2//W-20/Kentwood. Characteristics: Navy bean, upright type I determinate growth habit. Resistance: lodging, BCMV (I gene), tolerant to rust, ozone pollution. Crop Sci. 24:1210, 1984. 1983.

Lark (XPB178) – Breeder and vendor: Asgrow Seed Co. Characteristics: uniform light red kidney with attractive bean shape-straight across the hilum, type I growth habit. Resistance: BCMV. 1987.

Lassen – Breeder and vendor: Sacramento Valley Milling, Inc., Ordbend, CA. Parentage: mutant of Sacramento. Characteristics: White kidney seed, same maturity and plant type as Sacramento. 1985.

Le Baron (LB-4803, LB-2111 and USRM-11) – Breeder: Washington Agri Research Center, the Idaho and Oregon Agric. Expt. Stn. and the USDA-ARS. Parentage: selection from germplasm line ARS-R93008. Characteristics: growth habit varies from upright (Type IIa) to floppy (Type IIIa); early maturing small red dry bean. Resistance: BCMV and curly top virus. Similar: Rufus, but with higher yield, and shinier and larger seeds; comparable canning quality to both Rufus and NW-63. Crop Sci. 40:853, 2000. 1998.

Luna (N.M. 57-386) – Breeder: New Mexico Agric. Expt. Stat., University Park. Parentage: Golden Gate Wax, UI-123, Pinto selection 4, UI-78. Characteristics: Pinto type, high yield. Resistance: New Mexico rust races. Similar: San Juan. Adaptation: southern New Mexico. Agric. Expt. Stat. Bull. 478, New Mexico State Univ., 1963. 1962.

Mackinac (N93296) – Breeder: Michigan Agri Expt Stn. and USDA-ARS. Parentage: N90435 / Avanti. Characteristics: upright indeterminate (Type II), mid-season maturity, excellent resistance to lodging; ovoid navy bean with uniform color and size and rated with good cooking quality. Resistance: rust; I gene for BCMV, Co-1 gene for anthracnose; tolerance to white mold. 1997.

Marquis (D82166) – Breeder and vendor: Rogers Seed Co., Nampa, Idaho. Characteristics: Great Northern, type IIIb growth habit, moderately late. Resistance: BCMV (Ibc genes). 1993.

Matterhorn (G93414) – Breeder: Michigan Agric. Expt. Stn. and USDA-ARS. Parentage: Alpine / X90012. Characteristics: short-vine indeterminate growth habit (Type II), early to mid season maturity, brighter white color and sheen than Alpine and above average canning quality. Resistance: I gene resistance to BCMV, Ur-3 rust resistance, susceptible to anthracnose and common blight, low level tolerance to white mold. Crop Sci. 39:589, 1999. 1998.

Maverick (88-048-03) – Breeder: North Dakota Agric. Exp. Stat. Parentage: Fiesta/Black Magic//8313229//CO81-12034/T295 (MSU). Characteristics: Pinto bean, medium-early maturity, semi-prostrate type IIIa plant habit. Resistance: rust (Ur-3). 1996.

Mayflower (MSU#N84024) – Breeder: Michigan Agric. Exp. Stat. and USDA-ARS. Parentage: Nep-2/Black Turtle Soup//2W-33-2/3/C-20. Characteristics: Navy bean, type II upright and short vine plant habit. Resistance: BCMV (I gene), rust, beta and gamma races of anthracnose; tolerant to ozone pollution. Crop Sci. 29:1571-1572, 1989. 1987.

McHale (XP387) – Breeder: Seminis Vegetable Seed. Characteristics: navy bean type, semideterminate, good grain and yield. Resistance: BCMV (I gene). 1999.

Mecosta – Breeder: USDA-ARS and Michigan Agric. Exp. Stat., MI. Parentage: Great Northern #1/Manitou. Characteristics: Light red kidney, type I growth habit, tolerant to halo blight. Resistance: BCMV. 1974.

Michelite – Characteristics: late maturing, nonuniform ripening, and 50% susceptible to BCMV (2).

Michelite 62 – Breeder: USDA and Michigan State Univ., East Lansing. Parentage: selection from Michelite. Characteristics: full season, uniform maturing vine type pea bean. Resistance: BCMV (1). 1963.

Midland (T7901) – Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds. Parentage: Seafarer/74 F1-2 line. Characteristics: Navy bean, type I bush growth habit; very good yield and quality. Resistance: BCMV (I gene), tolerant to air pollution. Similar: Seafarer. 1983.

Midnight – Breeder: New York State College of Agric. and Life Sciences, Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY. Parentage: composite of 3 NY lines (70001, 70002, and 70003) from single plant selections made in 25 germplasm lines (CIAT, Cali, Colombia, SA). Characteristics: black seed, upright type IIa growth habit, large basal root system. Resistance: lodging, BCMV; moderately resistant to Fusarium solani root rot and Pythium ultimum damping off diseases; some plant avoidance of white mold. Adaptation: wide in US. 1980.

Mita (76-R287) – Breeder: USDA and Agric. Exp. Stat., Univ. of Puerto Rico. Parentage: 15R-55/Mex 309. Characteristics: Black bean. Resistance: multiple diseases. 1979.

Mogote (514-1BK) – Breeder: USDA and Agric. Exp. Stat., Univ. of Puerto Rico. Parentage: produced by recurrent selection using a hybrid plant from PI 300660 (Chile) as one parent. Characteristics: vigorous semi-vine habit, light brown seeds. Resistance: soil-borne diseases, common bacterial blight, rust, BCMV, CPMV, CMV, cercospora leaf spot. 1979.

Monet (R0G 055) – Breeder and vendor: Rogers Seed Co., Nampa, ID. Characteristics: Alubia bean, type Ib growth habit, late maturity. Resistance: BCMV (I gene). 1996.

Monroe – Breeder: Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY. Parentage: Michelite 4* x Great Northern No. 1. Characteristics: a dry bean, earlier, larger-seeded, higher yielding than Michelite. Resistance: BCMV and NY15. Similar: Michelite. 1953.

Montana No. 1 – Breeder: Montana Agric. Expt. Stat., Bozeman, MT. Parentage: selection from Great Northern Bean field run. Characteristics: early maturing, high yielding, semi-bush habit. Resistance: BMCV (1). Adaptation: regional to Montana and adjoining areas. Similar: Great Northern. 1944.

Montana No. 5 – Breeder: Montana Agric. Expt. Stat., Boseman, MT. Parentage: selection from field run Great Northern Bean. Characteristics: medium indeterminate type of growth, medium maturity, pods held upright on vine. Resistance: BCMV (1). Adaptation: Montana and adjacent states. Similar: Great Northern. 1947.

Montcalm (DRK023) – Breeder: USDA-ARS and Michigan Agric. Exp. Stat., East Lansing, MI. Parentage: Great Northern No. 1 x Red Kidney. Characteristics: Dark red kidney, upright type I bush habit, field tolerance to halo blight. Resistance: BCMV (type 1 and NY15 strains). 1974.

Montrose – Breeder: Colorado Agric. Expt Stn. Parentage: BelNeb2 / GH-196. Characteristics: semi-vine Type III plant type, mid-season maturity, high yielding. Resistance: BCMV and rust. 1999.

Monument (Nebr. CSW-5) – Breeder: Univ. of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE. Parentage: Aurora/3/Small White 53 3*/Small White 53/Meador #1. Characteristics: Small white, early maturity, type IIa growth habit. Resistance: BCMV (NY15 strain), some rust strains; some avoidance of white mold. Adaptation: western Nebraska. HortScience 21:542, 1986. 1985.

Moonbeam (XP-B303) – Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds. Characteristics: Great Northern, upright indeterminate. 1995.

Morales (PR9610-9) – Breeder: Puerto Rico Agric. Expt. Stn. and USDA-ARS. Parentage: Arroyo Loro/Don Silvio. Characteristics: indeterminate bush, short vine Type II growth habit, midseason maturity, commercially acceptable small white seed shape and color, suitable for both dry and green-shell production. Resistance: BCMV, BGMV, and rust. Crop Sci. 39:1257, 1999. 1998.

Navajo – Breeder: New Mexico Agric. Exp. Stat., Las Cruces, NM. Parentage: USDA 2207/NM56-778. Characteristics: Pinto bean, viny to semi-erect growth habit, moderately early maturity. 1980.

Navigator (ROG345) – Breeder and vendor: Rogers Seed Co., Nampa, ID. Characteristics: Navy bean, type IIb growth habit, late maturity, useful for direct harvesting. Resistance: BCMV (I gene). 1995.

Nebraska No. 1 – Breeder: Univ. of Nebraska, Lincoln. Parentage: Phaseolus vulgaris cv. Montana #5 x P. acutifolius var. latifolius cv. Tepary. Characteristics: foliage similar to Tepary in early stages, later stages similar to Montana #5, 3 to 4 days later than Great Northern UI-59. Resistance: common blight. Adaptation: western Nebraska. 1960.

Neptune (MSU#790053) – Breeder: Michigan Agric. Exp. Stat. and USDA-ARS. Parentage: MSU#31906/San Fernando//Seafarer. Characteristics: Navy bean, type II upright short vine growth habit. Resistance: BCMV (I gene), rust; tolerant to Michigan isolates of halo blight, to air pollution oxidant ozone. Crop Sci. 26:1080-1081, 1986. 1981.

Newport (N90599) – Breeder: Michigan Agric. Exp. Stat. and USDA-ARS. Parentage: N85606/Harokent. Characteristics: Navy bean, upright type I growth habit with excellent resistance to lodging. Resistance: BCMV (I gene), all races anthracnose (A and Are genes), and rust (Ur-3). Crop Sci. 35:1710-1711, 1995. 1995.

Nodak (GH-370) – Breeder: North Dakota Agric. Exp. Stat. and USDA-ARS. Parentage: GN 1140//UI-35/UI-35/PI 203958. Characteristics: Pinto bean, type III growth habit with short vines. Resistance: curly top virus, BCMV (type 1, NY15 strains). Crop Sci. 25:571, 1985. 1984.

Norstar (Nx-041) – Breeder: North Dakota Exp. Stat. Parentage: C-20/Fleetwood. Characteristics: Navy bean, type II upright short vine plant habit coupled with a narrow plant profile. Resistance: BCMV (I gene) and rust. Crop Sci. 33:1405-1406, 1993. 1991.

Northland (T8101) – Breeder: W.G. Thompson and Sons Ltd., Canada. Vendor: Asgrow. Parentage: Bunsi/Seafarer. Characteristics: an extra early navy bean with good quality and exceptional yield for its maturity. Resistance: bean common mosaic virus 1 and 15. Similar: Seafarer. 1983.

NW 59 (RS-59 or RM-59) – Breeder: USDA-ARS and Washington State Univ. Parentage: Sutter Pink//PI203958/Red Mexican UI35//Dark Red Kidney 801. Characteristics: Red Mexican, early maturity. Resistance: fusarium root rot, BCMV (type 1, NY15), curly top virus. Crop Sci. 22:685-686, 1982. 1974.

NW 63 (RS-63 or RM-63) – Breeder: USDA-ARS and Washington State Univ. Parentage: Sutter Pink//PI203958/Red Mexican UI35//Dark Red Kidney 801. Characteristics: Red Mexican, early maturity. Resistance: fusarium root rot, BCMV (type 1, NY15), curly top virus. Crop Sci. 22:685-686, 1982. 1974.

NW 395 (LR-395 and W-395) – Breeder: USDA-ARS and Agric. Exp. Sta., Washington, Idaho and Oregon. Parentage: Miluno (Chile)/t-1-2204 breeding line. Characteristics: Navy bean, short vine type, early maturity. Resistance: curly top virus and BCMV (I gene). Adaptation: western production under irrigation. Crop Sci. 22:898, 1982. 1980.

NW 410 (GR-410) – Breeder: USDA-ARS and Washington State Univ. Parentage: Sutter Pink x Pinto UI 114. Characteristics: Pinto, early maturing, short type III plant habit. Resistance: fusarium root rot, BCMV, curly top virus. Crop Sci. 22:684-685, 1982. 1980.

NW 590 (GR-590 and GR-563) – Breeder: USDA-ARS and Washington State Univ. Parentage: Pinto UI-114//Red Mexican UI-35*1/PI 203958/Red Mexican UI-35. Characteristics: Pinto bean. Resistance: fusarium root rot, BCMV (type 1, NY15 strains), curly top virus. Crop Sci. 22:684-685, 1982. 1980.

OAC Cygnus (OAC 86-1) – Breeder: Univ. of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada. Parentage: Ex Rico 23/5/Ex Rico 23/Narda. Characteristics: Navy bean, bush type I plant habit, early maturity. Resistance: anthracnose races and BCMV type 1 and NY15 strains. 1988.

OAC Gryphon (OAC 82-2) – Breeder: Dept. of Crop Science, Univ. of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada. Parentage: Ex Rico/5/Ex Rico 23/Narda. Characteristics: Navy bean seed, indeterminate, semi-vine plant habit, medium maturity. Resistance: BCMV (1 and NY15 strains), alpha, beta, gamma, and delta races of bean anthracnose. 1988.

OAC Seaforth – Breeder: Crop Science Dept. Univ. of Guelph and Agric. Canada Research Stat., Harrow, Canada. Parentage: Seafarer/PI 32648. Characteristics: Navy bean, bush type plant habit. Resistance: BCMV (1 and NY15 strains), anthracnose (Are gene). 1983.

OAC Spring (OAC 85-1) – Breeder: Dept. of Crop Science, Univ. of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada. Parentage: Seafarer/5/Seafarer/Narda. Characteristics: Navy bean, determinate bush-type plant habit, average maturity. Resistance: anthracnose, BCMV (type 1 and NY15 strains). 1988.

Olathe (Colo 3439) – Breeder: Colorado State Univ. Exp. Stat., Fort Collins, CO. Parentage: Pinto 5958-B-1 (USDA)/Red Kidney B23. Characteristics: Pinto, type III growth habit, moderate early maturity. Resistance: BCMV (NY15 strain), many rust races. Adaptation: western states. Crop Sci. 22:1259-1260, 1982. 1979.

Onyx (Rog925) – Breeder: Novartis Seeds, Inc. Nampa, Idaho. Characteristics: black bean, type IIA growth habit, moderately late. Resistance: BCMV (I gene) and anthracnose race 07. 1999.

Opal (D76035) – Breeder and vendor: Rogers Bros. Seed Co. Parentage: Gratiot x UI-SW-44. Characteristics: Semi-vine navy bean. Resistance: BCMV, anthracnose (alpha and gamma strains). Similar: Aurora. Adaptation: western US. 1982.

Oro Rico (70-R-108-BK-A) – Breeder: USDA and Agric. Exp. Stat., Univ. of Puerto Rico. Parentage: Two bush plants selected from PI 207180 (Brazil). Characteristics: High yielding pink bean, upright bush to semi-vine habit. Resistance: BCMV, rhizoctonia root rot, moderately resistant to powdery mildew. Adaptation: tropical lowland environments. 1976.

Othello (GH-215) – Breeder: USDA-ARS and Agric. Exp. Sta., Idaho and Oregon. Parentage: Pinto NW-410/2/Pink Victor/Aurora. Characteristics: Pinto, type IIIa growth habit, early maturity. Resistance: BCMV (ibc 22 genes), curly top; field resistance to fusarium root rot. Adaptation: western states US. Crop Sci. 35:943, 1995. 1986.

Ouray (Colo 15B) – Breeder: Colorado State Univ. Exp. Stat., Fort Collins, CO. Parentage: Sanilac/Pinto UI 111//Light Red Kidney/Pinto 5439-1. Characteristics: Pinto, upright bush growth habit, early maturity. Resistance: BCMV, some rust races; susceptible to common bacterial blight, white mold. Adaptation: western US under irrigation. Crop Sci. 22:1260, 1982. 1972.

Palmarejo (70-R-31) – Breeder: USDA and Agric. Exp. Stat., Univ. of Puerto Rico. Parentage: Origin, PI 207139 (Colombia). Characteristics: Bush bean of medium height, stem resistant to lodging, good yield under lowland tropical conditions, pink mottled seed color. Resistance: BCMV, rust races endemic to Puerto Rico. 1976.

Panther (RNK903) – Breeder and vendor: Rogers Seed Co., Nampa, Idaho. Characteristics: Black bean, type IIa growth habit, moderately late. Resistance: BCMV (I gene). Adaptation: northern US. 1995.

PC-50 – Breeder: CIAS, Ministry of Agriculture, Dominican Republic, University of Nebraska, University of Puerto Rico. Parentage: SPS from Pompadour Checa landrace. Characteristics: Type I determinate growth habit, matures in 55-60 days, red mottled medium sized elliptical seed, yields exceed Pompadour Checa. Resistance: rust, susceptible to BGMV, BCMV, web blight and common blight. Crop Sci. 40:858, 2000. 1987.

Phantom (B95204) – Breeder: Michigan Agric. Expt. Stn, Michigan and USDA-ARS. Parentage: Raven/N90618. Characteristics: upright indeterminate (Type II), midseason, flat black seed with satisfactory cooking quality. Resistance: BCMV (I gene), anthracnose, and rust; tolerant to root rot and white mold; susceptible to common blight. Crop Sci. 40:572, 2000. 1999.

Pilgrim (PVD865) – Breeder and vendor: Wilbur Ellis Seed Div., Spokane, WA. Characteristics: early, type I bush, long burgundy splashed pods, very high yield capabilities, very concentrated bloom and pod set, seeds kidney shaped, similar color to cranberry, outstanding root system. Resistance: BCMV (1, NY15), curly top, bean root rots. 1982.

Pindak (GR-35) – Breeder: USDA-ARS, Agric. Exp. Sta., Washington and North Dakota. Parentage: Japanese bush bean//UI 114//UI 114 1/PI203958. Characteristics: upright vine, uniform plump pinto seed, high yielding. Resistance: BCMV (NY15), curly top, fusarium root rot, rust. Crop Sci. 157, 1981. 1981.

Pink Panther (EX 08590462) – Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds-Asgrow. Parentage: inbred line, parentage not disclosed. Characteristics: light red kidney type with improved grain quality, good processed quality, high yield, early maturity, and good plant type. Resistance: bean common mosaic Virus (I gene). Similar: Cal Early Light Red, Foxfire. Adaptation: Northeast U.S. 2003.

Pinto No. 5 – Breeder: USDA, Plant Ind. Stat., Beltsville, MD. Parentage: No. 780 x Idaho Pinto. Characteristics: Pinto. Resistance: rust. Adaptation: western US. Southern Seedsman August. 1946.

Pinto No. 14 – Breeder: USDA, Plant Ind. Stat., Beltsville, MD. Parentage: No. 780 x Idaho Pinto. Characteristics: Pinto. Resistance: rust. Adaptation: western US. Southern Seedsman August. 1946.

PR9443-4 – Breeder: Puerto Rico Agric. Expt. Stn. and USDA-ARS. Parentage: T969-2/DOR303. Characteristics: erect indeterminate short-vine Type II growth habit, midseason, light red kidney seed type. Resistance: BGMV in trials in PR, DR, and Haiti; resistant to common blight and rust and BCMV (I gene). 1999.

Prairie (ROG523) – Breeder and vendor: Rogers Seed Co., Nampa, Idaho. Characteristics: Great Northern bean, type IIIb growth habit, moderately late. Resistance: BCMV. 1996.

PR-H-71-1-R101 – Breeder: USDA-ARS, Federal Exp. Stat., Mayaguez, Puerto Rico. Parentage: female parent PI 200956/Male parent unknown. Characteristics: Black bean, seed pea bean shape, viny plant habit. Resistance: BCMV, rust, cowpea mosaic virus (PR). 1974.

PR-H-71-1-R113 – Breeder: USDA-ARS, Federal Exp. Stat., Mayaguez, Puerto Rico. Parentage: female parent PI 289377/male parent unknown. Characteristics: Black bean, dull color, semi-viny habit. Resistance: BCMV, rust, cowpea mosaic virus (PR). 1974.

PR-H-71-1-R136 – Breeder: USDA-ARS, Federal Exp. Stat., Mayaguez, Puerto Rico. Parentage: female parent PI 195364/male parent unknown. Characteristics: Black, pea bean shape seed, dull color, semi-viny habit. Resistance: BCMV, rust, cowpea mosaic virus (PR). 1974.

Pulsar – Breeder and vendor: Wilbur-Ellis Co. Seed Div., Spokane, WA. Parentage: Navy type seed found in Red Mexican breeding line PVD545 (74221-B-B2-5-3-3-5-B), Cal. Proof #38 x Red Mexican UI#34. Characteristics: Navy bean, uniform seed and stable performance; blooms and pods under leaf canopy vs. Michigan navies whose flowers are above and underneath, exhibits direct harvest capabilities, heat and moisture tolerant. Resistance: ctv, rust and f. root rot, bean common mosaic virus, bean yellow mosaic virus. Similar: Seafarer, except flowers and blooms under canopy. PVP. 1981.

Raven (B90222) – Breeder: Michigan Agric. Exp. Stat. and USDA-ARS. Parentage: N84004/B85009. Characteristics: Black bean, upright type II indeterminate growth habit, mid-season, small flat seeded. Resistance: BCMV (I and bc3 genes), alpha and alpha Brazilian races of anthracnose, rust (Ur-3 gene). Crop Sci. 34:1406-1407, 1994. 1994.

Red Hawk (K90101) – Breeder: Michigan Agric. Expt. Stn. and USDA-ARS. Parentage: Charlevoix/2*Montcalm. Characteristics: dark red kidney bean with upright determinate Type I growth habit, full season maturity. Resistance: BCMV(I gene), anthracnose; immune to indigenous rust; tolerant to halo blight, common blight; susceptible to root rot. Similar: Montcalm in cooking and canning quality. Crop Sci. 38:280, 1998. 1997.

Red Shellout – Breeder: Univ. of New Hampshire, Durham. Vendor: Billy Helper Seed Co. Parentage: red flowered selection from (Flash x P. multiflorous, White Runner) x Scarlet Beauty. Characteristics: Productive bush plant, light-red flowers, red seeds, easy-shelling pods. Resistance: BCMV, leaf hopper damage. Similar: Scarlet Beauty. Adaptation: wide. 1957

Redkloud – Breeder: Cornell Univ., College of Agric., Dept. of Vegetable Crops, Ithaca, NY. Parentage: Light red kidney Redkote/Charlottetown (Yellow Eye). Characteristics: Light red kidney, type I growth habit, matures 2 to 3 weeks earlier than Red Kidney or Redkote in NYS. Resistance: BCMV, moderate resistance to halo blight. 1973.

Redkote (60-8208) – Breeder: Cornell Univ., College of Agric., Dept. of Vegetable Crops, Ithaca, NY. Parentage: Great Northern #1/Red Kidney. Characteristics: Light red kidney, type I growth habit, white flowers. Resistance: BCMV (1, NY15 strains); moderate resistance to halo blight. 1966.

Remington (ROG123) – Breeder and vendor: Rogers Seed Co., Nampa, Idaho. Characteristics: Pinto bean, type IIb growth habit, early maturity. Resistance: rust, BCMV. 1996.

RNK354 (RNK354) – Breeder and vendor: Rogers Sandoz Seeds, Nampa, Idaho. Characteristics: Pinto bean seed; good seed size, shape, and color; vigorous type IIIb plant habit; moderately late maturity. Resistance: BCMV. 1994.

Rocket (XPB185) – Breeder and vendor: Asgrow Seed Co. Characteristics: Mid-season navy bean. Resistance: BCMV. 1987.

ROG331 – Breeder: Novartis Seeds, Inc., Nampa, Idaho. Characteristics: navy bean, Type IIb growth habit, medium-late maturity, resistant to BCMV (I gene). 1999.

ROG372 – Breeder: Novartis Seeds, Inc., Nampa, Idaho. Characteristics: navy bean, type IIb growth habit, medium maturity. Resistance: BCMV (I gene). 1999.

ROG802 – Breeder: Novartis Seeds, Inc., Nampa, Idaho. Characteristics: dark red kidney, Type Ia growth habit, moderately early, good canner. Resistance: BCMV (I gene). 1998.

ROG912 – Breeder: Novartis seed, Inc., Nampa, Idaho. Characteristics: cranberry bean, type Ib growth habit, early-mid maturity. Resistance: BCMV (I gene), anthracnose races alpha and delta. 2000.

ROG922 – Breeder: Novartis Seeds, Inc. Nampa, Idaho. Characteristics: pink bean type IIb growth habit, medium maturity. Resistance: BCMV, anthracnose race 07. 2000.

Romar (XPB 3051F) – Breeder and vendor: Asgrow Seed Co. Characteristics: open pollinated, green seeded shell bean for flagpole production; pods flat, kidney shaped, thick walled, and light green. Resistance: BCMV and lambda race of anthracnose.

Rosada Nativa (PR9443-1) – Breeder: Puerto Rico Agric. Expt. Stn. and USDA-ARS. Parentage: DOR483/BelNeb Rust Resistant-1. Characteristics: indeterminate, short-vine Type II growth habit, mid-season maturity, pink seed color producing high yields when planted in the hot, humid summer season. Resistance: BCMV (I gene), BGMV and rust. 1999.

Royal Red (K-67 Red Kidney Bean) – Breeder: USDA and Washington State Agric. Expt. Stat., Prosser. Vendor: Washington State Crop Imp. Assn. Parentage: curly top-resistant type x Dark Red Kidney. Characteristics: tall, erect bush with pods high on plant. Resistance: curly top, BCMV (1). Similar: Dark Red Kidney. Adaptation: northwestern, western, and midwestern US.

Roza (GR-18) – Breeder: USDA-ARS and Washington State Univ. Parentage: Sutter Pink//virus-resistant red-seeded bush breeding line/Red Mexican UI-35/PI 203958. Characteristics: Pink bean, early maturing, short vined type III plant habit. Resistance: BCMV (prevalent type and NY15 strains), fusarium root rot. Crop Sci. 22:684, 1982. 1974.

Ruddy (79512) – Breeder: Cornell Univ., College of Agric., Dept. of Vegetable Crops, Ithaca, NY. Parentage: White Kidney G01562 (CIAT)/Light Red Kidney Redkloud. Characteristics: Light red kidney, type I growth habit, early maturing. Resistance: BCMV (1, NY15 strains). 1982.

Rufus (AR58-4) – Breeder: USDA-ARS and Washington State Univ. Parentage: PI 203958//Red Mexican UI-35/PI 203958. Characteristics: Red Mexican, moderate upright type, moderate maturity. Resistance: fusarium root rot, BCMV (type 1, NY15 strains), curly top virus. Crop Sci. 22:685-686, 1982. 1974.

Sacramento – Breeder and vendor: Sacramento Valley Milling, Inc., Ordbend, CA. Parentage: selection from California Light Red Kidney. Characteristics: Light red kidney seed, early maturing, type I plant habit. Resistance: rust. 1977.

Saginaw (874) – Breeder: USDA and Michigan State Univ., East Lansing. Parentage: F4 F4 BC5 [Michelite x US 5 Refugee (Robust x Crawford)] F5 BC5 [Emerson 847 x (Robust x Early Prolific)]. Characteristics: midseason, upright, vine type pea bean. Resistance: alpha, beta, and gamma races of Colletotrichum lindemuthianum, BCMV (1 and NY15), halo blight. Adaptation: pea bean areas of US and Canada. 1963.

Sal – Breeder: Univ. of California, Davis, California. Characteristics: Small white, type III plant habit, moderately late. Resistance: BCMV (strain 1). 1983.

Saladin-97 (PC-21 SME) – Breeder: CIAS, Ministry of Agriculture, Dominican Republic, in coop. with University of Nebraska and University of Puerto Rico. Parentage: ‘PC-50’/Bat 1274. Characteristics: determinate Type I growth habit, matures in 60 days, light red mottled medium sized elliptical seed. Resistance: strains of CBB; partial resistance to rust; susceptible to BGMV and BCMV. Crop Sci. 40:858, 2000. 1998.

San Juan – Breeder: Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins, CO. Characteristics: Pinto bean, type III growth habit, moderately early. Resistance: halo blight. 1935.

Sanilac – Breeder: USDA and Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI. Parentage: Michelite Xray mutant, Emerson 847 and Emerson 53. Characteristics: upright, bush type. Resistance: BCMV, alpha and beta strains of bean anthracnose; tolerant to white mold because of growth habit. Adaptation: eastern dry bean region. Science 124:223-224. 1956.

Santiago (811865-6-1-7) – Breeder and vendor: Rogers Seed Co., Nampa, Idaho. Characteristics: Pinto, type IIa growth habit, early maturity. Resistance: BCMV (I gene). 1995.

Sapphire (D77125) – Breeder and vendor: Rogers Seed Co., Nampa, ID. Characteristics: vigorous type Great Northern cultivar, matures at 89 days at Twin Falls, ID. Resistance: BCMV, halo and common blight. Adaptation: areas with light and sloping soils. 1983.

Schooner (83045) – Breeder and vendor: Rogers Seed Co., Nampa, Idaho. Characteristics: Navy bean seed, semi-upright to semi-vine, type II to III3b, moderately late maturity, adapted northern plains. Resistance: BCMV (I gene), most rust strains in North America. 1992.

Scottsbluff Pinto – Breeder: Nebraska Agric. Exp. Stat., Nebraska. Parentage: Great Northern/common pinto bean. Characteristics: Pinto bean, type III plant habit, early maturity. 1944.

Seafarer (0173) – Breeder: Michigan State Agric. Expt. Stat., East Lansing, and USDA. Parentage: complex: involving X-ray mutants, Michelite, Emerson 847, Trag, and Florida Belle. Characteristics: early, erect, determinate plant. Resistance: BCMV and anthracnose. Similar: Seaway navy. Adaptation: Great Lakes basin. 1968.

Seaway (3595) – Breeder: USDA and Michigan State Univ., East Lansing. Parentage: F4 BC4 (Michelite Bush X-ray mutant x Topcrop). Characteristics: short season, height 13 to 19 inches, upright pea bean, maturity 79 days. Resistance: halo bacterial blight and BCMV. Adaptation: bean areas of the US and Canada. Mich. State Quart. Bul., Spring 1963.

Shadow (ROG903) – Breeder and vendor: Rogers Seed Co., Nampa, ID. Characteristics: Black bean, type II 2A growth habit, moderately late. Resistance: BCMV (I gene). 1995.

Shelleasy – Breeder: Dept. of Hort., Univ. of New Hampshire, Durham. Vendor: Hepler Seed Co. Parentage: Flash x Littleton. Characteristics: early horticultural shell bean with red seeds. Similar: Flash Adaptation: northern New England. Univ. of New Hampshire Soc. Vol. 14. 1951.

Shiny Crow (CO96902) – Breeder: Colorado State University, Ft. Collins, Co. Parentage: SPS from segregating line from Cali, Colombia. Characteristics: prostrate Type III growth habit, mid season maturity, high yielding shiny black seed. Resistance: BCMV (I gene). 1999.

Sierra (P86299) – Breeder: Michigan Agric. Exp. Stat. and USDA-ARS. Parentage: derived from cross made as part of population improvement program to develop a prototype upright pinto bean. Characteristics: Pinto bean, late maturity with upright type II plant habit. Resistance: rust; moderate resistance to alpha race anthracnose; tolerant to Michigan isolates of halo blight and to potato leaf hopper. Crop Sci. 30:745-746, 1990. 1989.

Small White 51 – Breeder and vendor: Ferry-Morse Seed Co., Mountain View, CA. Parentage: Univ. of Idaho No. 2 x Calif. Small White No. 38. Characteristics: Small white, earliness, smaller plants than Calif. Small White. Resistance: BCMV. 1956.

Small White 52 – Breeder and vendor: Ferry-Morse Seed Co., Mountain View, CA. Parentage. Univ. of Idaho No. 2 x Calif. Small White No. 38, dry beans. Characteristics: Small white, earliness, slightly later than 51, smaller plants than Calif. Small White. Resistance: BCMV. 1956.

Small White 53 – Breeder and vendor: Ferry-Morse Seed Co., Mountain View, CA. Parentage: Univ. of Idaho No. 2 x Calif. Small White No. 38. Characteristics: Small white, earliness, smaller plants than Calif. Small White. Resistance: BCMV. 1956.

Snowball (PVD895) – Breeder and vendor: Wilbur Ellis Seed Div., Spokane, WA. Characteristics: large, spherical, white, round-near round; semi-trailing plant; white semi-rough pods, open, vigorous foliage, medium-late maturity, very high production potential; very extensive root structures. Resistance: BCMV (1, NY15), curly top, bean root rots. 1982.

Spinel (D78174) – Breeder and vendor: Rogers Seed Co., Nampa, ID. Characteristics: determinate (bush) Great Northern. Resistance: bean rust and BCMV. 1983.

Star (GN-CB-BW-71-44) – Breeder: Univ. of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE. Parentage: Great Northern (GN) #1 sel. 27*6/GN Nebr. #1 sel. 27/PI 165078. Characteristics: Great Northern, type III growth habit. Resistance: common bacterial blight, halo blight, bacterial wilt, BCMV, curly top. Adaptation: western Nebraska, eastern Wyoming. HortScience 11:621, 1976. 1975.

Starlight (WM1-85-43) – Breeder: Univ. of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE. Parentage: Tacaragua/Great Northern (GN) Nebraska #1 sel. 27//GN Nebraska # sel. 27/Bulgarian White. Characteristics: Great Northern, type IIb growth habit, large (30-40 g/100 seed) bright white seed. Resistance: rust (Ur-3 gene), good avoidance of white mold due to more open plant canopy. Adaptation: western Nebraska. HortScience 26:441-442, 1991. 1990.

Steuben Yellow Eye (64-23) – Breeder: Cornell Univ. College of Agric., Dept. of Vegetable Crops, Ithaca, NY. Parentage: selection from Yellow Eye. Characteristics: Yellow Eye, seed slightly larger and more uniform, higher yielding than original Yellow Eye. 1961.

Stinger (XPB155) – Breeder and vendor: Asgrow Seed Co. Characteristics: High yielding navy bean, good seed quality, late maturity. Resistance: BCMV (I gene). 1986.

Sumcran – Breeder and vendor: Sacramento Valley Milling Co., Ordbend, California. Characteristics: Cranberry, type I growth habit, intermediate maturity. 1986.

Sutter – Breeder: Univ. of California, Davis, California. Parentage: Standard Pink/Early Pink. Characteristics: Pink bean, type III growth habit, moderately early. Resistance: curly top virus. 1943.

Swan Valley (MSU#61618) – Breeder: Michigan Agric. Exp. Stat. and USDA-ARS. Parentage: NEP-2/Black Turtle Soup. Characteristics: Navy bean, off-white seed, type II upright short vine growth habit. Resistance: BCMV (I gene), rust, beta, gamma, and delta races of anthracnose; tolerant to Michigan isolates of halo blight, and to air pollution oxidant ozone. Crop Sci. 26:1080-1081, 1986. 1981.

T 39 – Breeder: Univ. of California, Davis, California. Characteristics: Black bean, type III growth habit, late maturity. Resistance: BCMV (1, NY15 strains), rust. 1975.

Tall Bun-Yan – Breeder: Clarence Muehfeld, Bridgeport, MI. Characteristics: Navy bean, bush plant habit and moderately late. 1981.

Tara (65-4-74) – Breeder: Nebraska Agric. Expt. Stat., Lincoln. Parentage: Great northern 1140 x Great northern Nebraska 1-27. Characteristics: Great Northern, type III growth habit, late maturity, dark green foliage. Resistance: common bacterial blight. Nebr. Agric. Expt. Stat. Bull. 506. 1969.

Tuscola (8467) – Breeder: Michigan Agric. Exp. Stat. and USDA-ARS. Parentage: derived from a fourth intercross generation of 10×10 diallel cross of navy beans. Characteristics: Navy bean, vigorous bush habit, more erect than Sanilac, seed coat more resistant to mechanical damage than standard cultivars. Resistance: anthracnose (alpha and beta races), BCMV (type 1, NY15 strains). 1977.

UI-1 – Breeder: Univ. of Idaho Agric. Expt. Stat. Vendor: Idaho Crop Improvement Assn. Parentage: selection from common great northern. Resistance: BCMV (1). 1930.

UI-3 – Breeder: Univ. of Idaho, Moscow. Vendor: Idaho Crop Improvement Assn. Parentage: Great North. UI-1 x Common Red Mexican. Characteristics: Small red Mexican seed, late. Resistance: BCMV (1) and curly top. Similar: Red Mexican. Adaptation: Idaho and Washington. Idaho Expt. Stat. Circ. 118. 1938.

UI-16 – Breeder: Univ. of Idaho, Moscow. Vendor: Idaho Crop Improvement Assn. Parentage: Great Northern UI-59 x Common Red Mexican. Characteristics: early, large white seed, Great Northern, indeterminate plant habit. Resistance: curly top, BCMV (type 1 and NY15). Similar: Great Northern. Adaptation: western states. Idaho Expt. Stat. Circ. 118. 1948.

UI-31 – Breeder: Univ. of Idaho, Moscow. Vendor: Idaho Crop Improvement Assn. Parentage: Great North. UI-59 x Common Red Mexican. Characteristics: early, large white seed. Resistance: BCMV (type 1 and NY15 strains) and curly top. Similar: Great Northern. Adaptation: western states. Idaho Expt. Stat. Circ. 118. 1948.

UI-34 – Breeder: Univ. of Idaho, Moscow. Vendor: Idaho Crop Improvement Assn. Parentage: Great North. UI-1 x Common Red Mexican. Characteristics: Small red seed, late. Resistance: BCMV (1) and curly top. Adaptation: Idaho and Washington. Idaho Expt. Stat. Circ. 118. 1938.

UI-36 – Breeder: Univ. of Idaho Agric. Exp. Stat. Parentage: Red Mex UI 34/GN UI 31. Characteristics: Red Mexican bean seed, early maturity, upright plant habit. Resistance: BCMV and curly top. Idaho Agric. Exp. Stat. Bull. No. 429. 1964.

UI-37 – Breeder: Univ. of Idaho Agric. Exp. Stat. Parentage: Red Mex UI 34/GN UI 56. Characteristics: Red Mexican seed, short semi-vining upright plant habit, early maturity. Resistance: BCMV and curly top. Idaho Agric. Exp. Stat. Bull. No. 429. 1964.

UI-42 (KR42) – Breeder: Univ. of Idaho Agric. Exp. Stat. Parentage: UI 36/R-370. Characteristics: Red Mexican, short vine type, intermediate maturity. Resistance: curly top and BCMV (type 1 and NY15 strains). 1983.

UI-50 – Breeder: Univ. of Idaho Agric. Exp. Stat. Parentage: 61-2942/Cran 1466. Characteristics: Cranberry seed, near bush plant habit, late maturity. Resistance: BCMV (1 and 1A). 1974.

UI-51 – Breeder: Univ. of Idaho Agric. Exp. Stat. Parentage: 61-2942/Cran 1466. Characteristics: Cranberry seed, near bush plant habit, moderately late maturity. Resistance: BCMV (1 and 1A). 1974.

UI-59 – Breeder: Univ. of Idaho Agric. Exp. Stat. Parentage: Selected from the common Great Northern. Characteristics: Great Northern, type III growth habit. Resistance: BCMV (type 1 and NY15 strains). Univ. of Idaho Agric. Exp. Stat. Circular No. 118, 1952. 1932.

UI-60 (KL10) – Breeder: Univ. of Idaho Agric. Exp. Stat. Parentage: Great Northern UI 61/R221. Characteristics: Great Northern, type III plant habit, intermediate maturity. Resistance: curly top, BCMV (type 1, NY15 strains). 1983.

UI-61 – Breeder: Univ. of Idaho Agric. Exp. Stat. Parentage: Great Northern UI 59/Common Red Mexican. Characteristics: Semi-vining plant habit, average Great Northern seed size. Resistance: curly top, BCMV. Adaptation: throughout US. Idaho Agric. Exp. Stat. Bull. No. 561. 1975.

UI-72 – Breeder: Univ. of Idaho, Moscow. Vendor: Idaho Crop Improvement Assn. Parentage: Red Mexican UI-34 x Common Pinto. Characteristics: Pinto, improved seed shape, upright plants, early maturity. Resistance: BCMV (1) and curly top. Adaptation: wide regional. Idaho Expt. Stat. Circ. 118. 1945.

UI-76 – Breeder: Univ. of Idaho College of Agric. Parentage: PI 282057/Experimental line 4792. Characteristics: Navy bean, semi-vining plant habit, moderate late maturity. Resistance: BCMV (type 1 and NY15 strains). 1976.

UI-78 – Breeder: Univ. of Idaho, Moscow. Vendor: Idaho Crop Improvement Assn. Parentage: Red Mexican UI-34 x Common Pinto. Characteristics: Pinto, improved seed shape, upright plants, early maturity. Resistance: BCMV (1), curly top. Adaptation: wide regional. Idaho Agric. Expt. Stat. Circ. 118. 1945.

UI-111 – Breeder: Univ. of Idaho Agric. Exp. Sta., Moscow. Vendor: Idaho Crop Improvement Assn. Parentage: Red Mexican UI 34/Common Pinto. Characteristics: Pinto, type III plant habit, improved seed shape, upright, early maturity. Resistance: curly top and BCMV (1). Adaptation: wide regional. Univ. of Idaho Agric. Exp. Stat. Circular No. 118, 1952. 1945.

UI-114 – Breeder: Univ. of Idaho Agric. Exp. Stat. Parentage: Pinto UI 111/Great Northern line J378. Characteristics: Pinto, type III growth habit, large seed. Resistance: BCMV, curly top virus. Adaptation: western states of US. 1967.

UI-123 – Breeder: Univ. of Idaho Agric. Exp. Stat. Parentage: selection from the common Great Northern. Characteristics: Great Northern, type III plant habit. Resistance: BCMV (type 1 and NY15 strains). Univ. of Idaho Agric. Exp. Stat. Circular No. 118, 1952. 1932.

UI-125 – Breeder: Univ. of Idaho Agric. Exp. Stat. Characteristics: Small white, type II growth habit, late maturity. Resistance: BCMV (type 1 and NY15 strains). 1990.

UI-126 – Breeder: Univ. of Idaho Agric. Exp. Stat. Parentage: R764 x Pinto UI 114. Characteristics: Pinto, type III growth habit. Resistance: BCMV and curly top viruses. Adaptation: western states of US. 1983.

UI-129 (KP97) – Breeder: Univ. of Idaho Agric. Exp. Stat. Characteristics: Pinto bean, type III plant habit, maturity intermediate. Resistance: curly top and BCMV. 1983.

UI-137 – Breeder: Univ. of Idaho Agric. Exp. Stat. Characteristics: Navy bean, type II growth habit, intermediate maturity. Resistance: BCMV (type 1, NY15 strains). 1991.

UI-158 (K0158) – Breeder: Univ. of Idaho Agric. Exp. Stat. Parentage: Aurora/UI 76. Characteristics: Navy bean with slightly ovate and flat seed, type II plant habit, good cooking quality. Resistance: curly top and BCMV (I gene), tolerant to bacterial disease. 1985.

UI-196 – Breeder: Univ. of Idaho Agric. Exp. Stat. and USDA-ARS. Parentage: Pinto UI 114/PI 203598/UI35. Characteristics: Pinto, type III. Resistance: BCMV, curly top viruses, fusarium root rot. Adaptation: western states of US. 1990.

UI-228 – Breeder: Univ. of Idaho Agric. Exp. Stat. Characteristics: Small red, type III, intermediate maturity. Resistance: BCMV (type 1, NY15 strains), curly top virus. 1993.

UI-239 – Breeder: Univ. of Idaho Agric. Exp. Stat. Characteristics: Small red, type III growth habit, intermediate maturity. Resistance: BCMV (type 1, NY15 strains), curly top virus. 1993.

UI-259 (88:539) – Breeder: University of Idaho Foundation Seed Program, Kimberly, ID. Parentage: NW 59/2/UI 36/6917. Characteristics: Type III growth habit, oval, shiny small dark red seed, matures in 91 days. Resistance: BCMV and BCMNV; susceptible to rust strains in Col. and Mich., resistant to ND rust strains. 1997.

UI-320 (93:220) – Breeder: University of Idaho Foundation Seed Program, Kimberly, Idaho. Parentage: Emerson/2/PI226856/UI 76/4/R544/UI 61/2/Aurora/3/US 1140. Characteristics: Type III growth habit, matures in 89 days, oval pinto seed with tan background and darker tan and brown mottling, high yielding. Similar: Chase. Resistance: BCMV (I gene) and rust. 1997.

UI-425 – Breeder: Univ. of Idaho Agric. Exp. Stat. Parentage: Emerson//R544/Great Northern UI 61. Characteristics: Great Northern, type 3 growth habit, moderately late. Resistance: BCMV. Adaptation: western states US. 1984.

UI-465 (90:465G) – Breeder: University of Idaho Foundation Seed Program, Kimberly, ID. Parentage: Emerson/2/PI226856/UI 76/4/R544/UI 61/2/Aurora/3/US 1140. Characteristics: Type III growth habit, matures in 88 days, oval, slightly flattened dull white great northern seed. Resistance: BCMV (I gene) and rust. 1997.

UI-537 – Breeder: Univ. of Idaho Agric. Exp. Stat. Parentage: Red Mexican UI 37/Pink Viva. Characteristics: Pink bean, type III growth habit, intermediate maturity. Resistance: BCMV (type 1, NY15 strains), curly top virus. 1990.

UI-686 – Breeder: Univ. of Idaho Agric. Exp. Stat. Parentage: UI 50/Hilo Bean. Characteristics: upright indeterminate vine growth habit, large seeded Cranberry bean with good yields. Resistance: BCMV (I gene). Crop Sci. 31:1708-1709, 1991.

UI-722 – Breeder: Univ. of Idaho Agric. Exp. Stat. Parentage: Mecosta//67-105/PI 226856. Characteristics: Dark red kidney, type 1 growth habit. Resistance: BCMV (I gene), slow rusting in Nebraska and Maryland. Adaptation: Idaho, New York, and Michigan. Crop Sci. 31:1709, 1991. 1988.

UI-906 – Breeder: Univ. of Idaho Agric. Exp. Stat. Parentage: Midnight/07053. Characteristics: Black, type IIa growth habit, early maturity. Resistance: BCMV (I gene), some rust races. Adaptation: Pacific Northwest, North Central states, central Canada. Crop Sci. 31:1710, 1991. 1988.

UI-911 – Breeder: Univ. of Idaho Agric. Exp. Stat. Characteristics: Black bean, type II growth habit, intermediate maturity. Resistance: BCMV (type 1, NY15 strains). 1993.

Valley (GN Exp.-M) – Breeder: Univ. of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE. Parentage: Great Northern (GN) Nebraska #1 sel. 27*6/GN Nebr. #sel. 27/GN 1140. Characteristics: Great Northern, type III growth habit, variable for maturity. Resistance: common bacterial blight and BCMV. Adaptation: western Nebraska. HortScience 9:482, 1974. 1974.

Victor (GR-122) – Breeder: USDA-ARS and Agric. Exp. Sta., Washington, Idaho and Oregon. Parentage: Sutter Pink/3/Red Mexican UI-35/PI 203958/Red Mexican UI-35. Characteristics: Pink bean, type III short vine growth habit. Resistance: BCMV (type 1, NY15 strains); field resistant to fusarium root rot. Adaptation: western US.

Violeta (70-R-23-BK-A) – Breeder: USDA and Agric. Exp. Stat., Univ. of Puerto Rico. Parentage: Bulk selection from PI 209808 (Kenya). Characteristics: Intermediate height bush bean, high yielding with intermediate maturity, pink with purple bean seed. Resistance: BCMV; moderately tolerant to bacterial blight and rust. 1976.

Vision (XP-B309) – Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds. Parentage: Pinto breeding line/Pinto Othello. Characteristics: Pinto, upright indeterminate. Resistance: rust (Ur-3); moderate tolerance to air pollution. 1995.

Viva (5R-119 and GR-47) – Breeder: USDA-ARS and Washington State Univ. Parentage: Sutter Pink/Red Mexican UI-35 1*/Red Mexican UI-35/PI 203958. Characteristics: Pink bean, early maturing, short vined type III plants. Resistance: BCMV (prevalent type, NY15 strains), fusarium root rot. Crop Sci. 22:684, 1982. 1974.

Volcano (XPB 265) – Breeder: Asgrow. Characteristics: dry bean; classic pod elegance. Resistance: bean common mosaic virus 1 gene. Similar: Gipsy. 1995.

Voyager (ROG303) – Breeder and vendor: Rogers Seed Co., Nampa, Idaho. Characteristics: navy bean, type IIb growth habit, moderately early. Adaptation: northern US. Resistance: BCMV (I gene). 1995.

W 117 – Breeder: USDA and Agric. Exp. Stat., Univ. of Puerto Rico. Parentage: Bonita/15R-55 (Puerto Rico). Characteristics: Short, erect semi-vine plant habit, white bean seed. 1979.

W 142 – Breeder: USDA and Agric. Exp. Stat., Univ. of Puerto Rico. Parentage: Bonita/50600 (Costa Rica). Characteristics: Short, erect semi-vine plant habit, white bean seed. Resistance: rust, BCMV. 1979.

Westland (T8001) – Breeder: W.G. Thompson and Sons, Ltd., Canada. Vendor: Asgrow. Parentage: Kentwood/74F-2. Characteristics: a second early navy bean with excellent yield and quality. Resistance: bean common mosaic virus 1 and 5. Similar: Sanilac. 1983.

Winchester (ROG171) – Breeder and vendor: Rogers Seed Co., Nampa, Idaho. Characteristics: Pinto bean, type IIb growth habit, intermediate maturity. Resistance: rust, BCMV (I gene). 1996.

WYO 166 – Breeder: Univ. of Wyoming, Laramie, Wyoming. Parentage: Phaseolus vulgaris Golden Pinto/Phaseolus coccineus White Runner. Characteristics: Pinto, type 3 growth habit. Adaptation: western US. 1965.

WYO 167 – Breeder: Univ. of Wyoming, Laramie, Wyoming. Parentage: Pinto WYO 166/Pinto UI 114. Characteristics: Pinto, type III growth habit. Adaptation: western US. 1984.

Yolano – Breeder: Univ. of California, Davis, California. Characteristics: Pink bean, type III growth habit, moderate early maturity. Resistance: BCMV (type 1, NY15 strains), curly top virus. 1989.

Zircon (D76063) – Breeder and vendor: Rogers Bros. Seed Co. Parentage: Aurora x Adjutant; open pollinated. Resistance: curly top, BCMV. Adaptation: Iowa, Washington, California. 1982.