Cucumber Breeding Report – 1996

enter site NCSU Cucumber Breeding Report - 1996 cuke.gif Todd C. Wehner, Professor Tammy L. Ellington, Agric. Res. Tech. II Department of Horticultural Science North Carolina State University Raleigh, NC 27695-7609 The authors gratefully acknowledge the assistance of F.E. Cumbo and the personnel at the Horticultural Crops Research Station, Clinton, NC. for help in maintaining and harvesting the trials. About This Report The data contained in this publication are made available to interested persons so that they will be informed as to the nature and scope of our cucumber breeding program. Since the results of the trials are based on one year's data, they should be interpreted cautiously. Genotype ¥ environment interactions make it likely that the performance of any given cultigen (cultivar or breeding line) will be significantly different in other trials. Often, cultigens that perform well for yield, earliness, fruit quality, or disease resistance in one trial will perform significantly worse in other trials. Other factors, known only to the researchers, may complicate the interpretation of the results, making it difficult for others to interpret differences from one year to the next. For example, the effect of seed lot, pollenizer, harvest labor, irrigation, fertilizer, pollinating insects and weather patterns may cause some test plots in the field to receive better or worse treatment than average. Therefore, we urge caution in interpreting these data. Conclusions drawn by the reader will be more accurate if they are of a general nature. For example, note which cultigens performed in the top third for yield, rather than which one was at the very top. Pricing schemes Value of production figures were obtained by assigning the following prices for the marketable grades: Price Grade per cwt No.1 ( 1 1/16") $16.00 No.2 (1 1/16 - 1 1/2") 8.00 No.3 (1 1/2 - 2") 4.80 No.4 (> 2") 0.00 The pricing system is the one currently in use in North Carolina (averaged over the spring and summer crops) and is revised annually. The same pricing systems are applied to all production in a particular year even though commercial prices for summer production are usually higher than for spring production. Progression of Breeding Lines Through Trials breeding.gif ________________________ The cost of planning these trials, doing the field work, running the data analysis, and summarizing the results for this report was approximately $48,000 for the brinestock, pickling and slicing cucumber trials. Printing and binding charges were approximately $3.00 per report. Direct correspondence to: Todd C. Wehner, Professor Department of Horticultural Science North Carolina State University Raleigh, NC 27695-7609 919-515-5363 (Voice) 919-515-2505 (Fax) Todd_Wehner@NCSU.Edu (EMail) http://cuke.hort.ncsu.edu/wehner.html (World wide web page)

http://ayearofdays.org/author/ayearofdays/page/2/

http://circleyquarterhorses.com/im-countin-checks/ CONTENTS

Pickling Cucumbers

Slicing Cucumbers


Pickling Cucumbers

buy online kamagra Brinestock Evaluation - 1996 Stage 3 Pickle Trial Todd C. Wehner and Tammy L. Ellingtonz Department of Horticultural Science North Carolina State University Introduction Cucumbers from the third and fifth harvests of the stage 3 spring pickling cucumber trial were each placed in one brine tank at Mt. Olive Pickle Co. The tanks were purged with nitrogen to remove excess carbon dioxide from the brine. Methods The cultigens (cultivars and breeding lines) were evaluated for fruit quality (shape, external color, texture, seedcell size, and lot uniformity), firmness, bloaters, and other defects in October. Quality was evaluated by judges from industry: Sonny Coghill, Lawrence Crocker and Douglas Behrend (Mt. Olive), John Tripp (Vlasic Foods), Tim Smith, Randy Martin and Phet Phonchanh (Dean Foods), and Curtiss Cates and John Cates (Addis Cates Co.). Fruit quality was evaluated using a rating system (that approximated letter grades) from 1 to 9, where 9 = A+, 8 = A, 7 = A-, 6 = B+, 5 = B, 4 = B-, 3 = C, 2 = D, 1 = F. Bloaters and defects were measured as percentage of fruits with damage in a sample of 20 grade 3B fruits. Firmness was measured by punching 10 grade 2B fruits with a Magness-Taylor tester (having a 5/16" diameter tip). All cultigens were randomized, replicated and coded to prevent bias and provide a measure of error variance. Results The cultigens are presented in order by decreasing fruit quality in Table 1, and are ranked for resistance to bloaters and defects in Tables 2 and 3, respectively. Fruit texture and firmness rankings are in Table 4. The average quality ratings assigned by each judge in the test are presented in Table 5, showing how lenient each judge was relative to the others. Due to insufficient replication, the bloater data showed few significant differences among cultigens. Summary - The cultigens with best fruit quality in brinestock were XPH-1901, Shenandoah, Vlasstar, UW 96K, UW 96N, WI6558x6763, HMX-3469, and M 21. - The most bloater resistant cultigens were Wellington, HSX-61, FMX-5018, NC-45, Raleigh, Calypso, UW 96K, and Wis. SMR 18. - As usual, brinestock firmness (from the punch test) was only partially correlated with texture (subjective rating from the judges), so the two traits are measurements of different aspects of cucumber fruit firmness. - Judges ranged from Coghill, who was the most liberal in quality ratings to Martin, who was the most conservative. Analysis of variance indicated significant differences among judges for the way they rated fruit quality. However, interaction of judge with cultigen was non-significant (all judges gave good cultigens high ratings, and bad cultigens low ratings). ________________________ zThanks to Mt. Olive Pickle Co., Mt. Olive, N.C. for assistance in brining the cucumbers, and for providing the facilities for evaluating the cultigens tested. Thanks also to the personnel at the Horticultural Crops Research Station, Clinton, N. C. for help in running the field trials. Table 1. Brinestock evaluation - quality ratings (cultigens are ranked by average quality).z _________________________________________________________________________________ Cultivar Seed Average Extrnal Text- Seed Uniform- Rank or line source quality Shape color ure cell ity _________________________________________________________________________________ 1 XPH-1901 Asgrow Seed 6.4 6.3 6.8 6.3 5.9 6.4 2 Shenandoah(4937) Ferry-Morse 6.2 6.8 7.0 5.3 5.6 6.5 3 Vlasstar Asgrow Seed 6.1 5.3 6.7 6.4 6.4 5.9 4 UW 96K Univ. Wis. 6.1 5.5 6.6 5.9 6.2 6.3 5 UW 96N Univ. Wis. 6.0 6.3 7.3 5.0 5.2 6.4 6 WI6558x6763 Wis-USDA 6.0 6.3 6.6 5.4 4.9 6.8 7 HMX-3469 Harris-Moran 6.0 5.6 6.6 6.1 5.7 5.9 8 M 21 NCState Univ 6.0 5.3 6.6 5.3 5.7 6.9 9 Johnston NCState Univ 5.9 6.1 6.7 5.2 5.6 6.2 10 Continental(4934) Ferry-Morse 5.9 6.1 6.4 5.1 5.5 6.3 11 Addis NCState Univ 5.9 5.9 6.4 5.3 5.7 6.1 12 Gy14 x NC-45 NCState Univ 5.9 6.2 6.2 5.5 5.2 6.2 13 UW 96M Univ. Wis. 5.8 6.2 6.2 5.2 5.2 6.4 14 UW 96E Univ. Wis. 5.8 5.3 5.7 5.8 6.0 6.3 15 Raleigh NCState Univ 5.8 5.9 6.5 5.4 5.4 5.8 16 WI6632Ex6580A Wis-USDA 5.7 5.4 6.9 4.8 5.1 6.4 17 FMX-5018 Ferry-Morse 5.7 5.3 5.6 6.0 5.7 5.9 18 Patton SunSeeds 5.7 6.1 7.0 4.7 4.7 6.0 19 Wellington PetoSeed 5.7 5.6 6.4 5.6 5.1 5.7 20 UW 96L Univ. Wis. 5.6 6.1 6.1 5.3 4.9 5.9 21 HMX-1463 Harris-Moran 5.6 4.9 6.7 5.2 5.2 6.2 22 Gy14 x NC-46 NCState Univ 5.6 5.3 6.4 5.3 5.3 5.8 23 XPH-1902 Asgrow Seed 5.6 5.2 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.8 24 Wis.SMR 18 Univ. Wis. 5.5 5.9 4.8 5.8 5.3 5.7 25 Calypso NCState Univ 5.5 5.3 5.9 5.2 5.1 5.9 26 NC-44 NCState Univ 5.4 5.2 6.0 4.9 4.4 6.3 27 Sun-3533 SunSeeds 5.3 6.4 6.9 3.7 3.4 6.3 28 FMX-5020 Ferry-Morse 5.3 4.8 5.7 5.3 5.3 5.6 29 NC-45 NCState Univ 5.3 5.0 5.9 5.8 4.6 5.4 30 Clinton NCState Univ 5.3 5.7 6.4 3.8 4.2 6.5 31 Gy14 x NC-44 NCState Univ 5.3 4.9 5.3 5.4 4.9 5.8 32 M 17 NCState Univ 5.2 6.0 4.2 4.9 5.1 6.0 33 HSX-61 HortAg Seed 5.2 5.1 4.1 6.0 5.4 5.4 34 NC-46 NCState Univ 5.2 3.5 6.1 5.3 5.5 5.6 35 WI6236Ax6469A Wis-USDA 5.0 4.8 5.8 4.8 4.4 5.2 _________________________________________________________________________________ LSD (5%) 0.5 0.8 0.6 0.9 0.9 0.7 Mean 5.7 5.6 6.2 5.3 5.2 6.0 CV (%) 13.0 20.9 14.0 24.8 25 1 17.9 _________________________________________________________________________________ zQuality rated 1 to 9 (9=A+, 8=A, 7=A-, 6=B+, 5=B, 4=B-, 3=C, 2=D, 1=F). Correlation (Shape with Uniformity) = 0.55** Correlation (Texture with Seedcell) = 1.00** Table 2. Brinestock evaluation - percentage of fruit damaged by bloaters (cultigens are ranked by bloater resistance). _________________________________________________________________________________ Cultivar Seed Total Honey- Rank or line source bloaters Balloon Lens comb _________________________________________________________________________________ 1 Wellington PetoSeed 1 0 0 1 2 HSX-61 HortAg Seed 2 0 0 2 3 FMX-5018 Ferry-Morse 3 0 0 3 4 NC-45 NCState Univ 3 0 0 3 5 Raleigh NCState Univ 5 0 2 4 6 Calypso NCState Univ 4 0 0 4 7 UW 96K Univ. Wis. 4 0 0 4 8 Wis.SMR 18 Univ. Wis. 5 0 0 5 9 UW 96E Univ. Wis. 3 2 0 1 10 UW 96M Univ. Wis. 5 2 0 3 11 HMX-3469 Harris-Moran 5 3 0 3 12 FMX-5020 Ferry-Morse 8 3 0 6 13 Vlasstar Asgrow Seed 11 3 0 8 14 UW 96N Univ. Wis. 9 3 5 1 15 M 17 NCState Univ 5 3 0 2 16 Addis NCState Univ 8 3 2 3 17 UW 96L Univ. Wis. 8 3 0 5 18 Gy14 x NC-45 NCState Univ 10 3 2 6 19 WI6236Ax6469A Wis-USDA 5 4 0 2 20 Shenandoah(4937) Ferry-Morse 7 4 0 3 21 HMX-1463 Harris-Moran 7 4 0 3 22 Gy14 x NC-44 NCState Univ 9 4 0 5 23 Gy14 x NC-46 NCState Univ 8 5 2 2 24 XPH-1902 Asgrow Seed 9 5 0 4 25 WI6558x6763 Wis-USDA 11 5 2 5 26 M 21 NCState Univ 8 6 2 1 27 XPH-1901 Asgrow Seed 11 6 0 6 28 Johnston NCState Univ 10 7 3 0 29 Patton SunSeeds 8 7 0 1 30 WI6632Ex6580A Wis-USDA 16 9 4 3 31 NC-44 NCState Univ 14 13 1 0 32 Clinton NCState Univ 19 13 1 5 33 Continental(4934) Ferry-Morse 20 16 0 4 34 NC-46 NCState Univ 23 17 4 3 35 Sun-3533 SunSeeds 25 18 5 2 _________________________________________________________________________________ LSD (5%) 16 11 4 5 Mean 8 5 1 3 CV (%) 8 116 219 79 _________________________________________________________________________________ Table 3. Brinestock evaluation - percentage of fruit damaged by defects (cultigens are ranked by resistance to defects). _________________________________________________________________________________ Blossom- Cultivar Seed Total Placental end Soft Rank or line source defects hollows defects centers _________________________________________________________________________________ 1 UW 96K Univ. Wis. 0 0 0 0 2 UW 96N Univ. Wis. 0 0 0 0 3 Gy14 x NC-45 NCState Univ 1 0 0 1 4 WI6558x6763 Wis-USDA 2 0 0 2 5 XPH-1901 Asgrow Seed 2 0 0 2 6 HSX-61 HortAg Seed 2 2 0 0 7 WI6632Ex6580A Wis-USDA 2 0 0 2 8 NC-45 NCState Univ 3 0 0 3 9 UW 96E Univ. Wis. 3 0 0 3 10 Addis NCState Univ 3 2 0 1 11 Raleigh NCState Univ 3 2 2 0 12 UW 96L Univ. Wis. 3 0 0 3 13 Johnston NCState Univ 3 2 0 1 14 Vlasstar Asgrow Seed 3 3 0 0 15 UW 96M Univ. Wis. 4 0 0 4 16 HMX-3469 Harris-Moran 4 0 1 3 17 Shenandoah(4937) Ferry-Morse 4 2 2 0 18 Gy14 x NC-46 NCState Univ 4 0 2 3 19 Calypso NCState Univ 5 3 1 1 20 Patton SunSeeds 5 3 2 0 21 M 21 NCState Univ 5 1 0 4 22 XPH-1902 Asgrow Seed 5 0 2 3 23 Continental(4934) Ferry-Morse 5 0 0 5 24 NC-46 NCState Univ 5 3 1 1 25 Wis.SMR 18 Univ. Wis. 6 2 3 1 26 Wellington PetoSeed 6 0 2 5 27 HMX-1463 Harris-Moran 7 0 0 7 28 M 17 NCState Univ 7 2 0 5 29 WI6236Ax6469A Wis-USDA 7 0 0 7 30 Gy14 x NC-44 NCState Univ 8 3 3 3 31 Clinton NCState Univ 10 3 3 4 32 Sun-3533 SunSeeds 10 0 2 8 33 FMX-5018 Ferry-Morse 10 4 4 2 34 FMX-5020 Ferry-Morse 10 7 0 3 35 NC-44 NCState Univ 11 6 3 3 _________________________________________________________________________________ LSD (5%) 10 4 4 6 Mean 4 1 1 2 CV (%) 110 151 218 126 _________________________________________________________________________________ Table 4. Brinestock evaluation - firmness and texture of fruit, and resistance to bloaters and defects (cultigens are ranked by firmness)z. _________________________________________________________________________________ Firm- Total Cultivar Seed ness Text- bloaters Total Bal- Rank or line source (lb.) ure &defects bloaters loon Defects _________________________________________________________________________________ 1 Clinton NCState Univ 21.1 3.8 29 19 13 10 2 M 17 NCState Univ 20.1 4.9 12 5 3 7 3 FMX-5018 Ferry-Morse 19.9 6.0 13 3 0 10 4 Addis NCState Univ 19.8 5.3 10 8 3 3 5 UW 96K Univ. Wis. 19.2 5.9 4 4 0 0 6 HMX-1463 Harris-Moran 18.4 5.2 14 7 4 7 7 HSX-61 HortAg Seed 18.4 6.0 4 2 0 2 8 UW 96E Univ. Wis. 18.4 5.8 6 3 2 3 9 Calypso NCState Univ 17.9 5.2 8 4 0 5 10 UW 96M Univ. Wis. 17.9 5.2 9 5 2 4 11 WI6558x6763 Wis-USDA 17.8 5.4 13 11 5 2 12 Gy14 x NC-44 NCState Univ 17.6 5.4 17 9 4 8 13 WI6236Ax6469A Wis-USDA 17.5 4.8 12 5 4 7 14 Vlasstar Asgrow Seed 17.4 6.4 14 11 3 3 15 HMX-3469 Harris-Moran 17.4 6.1 9 5 3 4 16 XPH-1902 Asgrow Seed 17.4 5.6 13 9 5 5 17 Gy14 x NC-45 NCState Univ 17.4 5.5 11 10 3 1 18 UW 96L Univ. Wis. 17.1 5.3 11 8 3 3 19 Wis.SMR 18 Univ. Wis. 17.0 5.8 10 5 0 6 20 M 21 NCState Univ 16.9 5.3 13 8 6 5 21 UW 96N Univ. Wis. 16.7 5.0 9 9 3 0 22 WI6632Ex6580A Wis-USDA 16.6 4.8 18 16 9 2 23 Gy14 x NC-46 NCState Univ 16.5 5.3 12 8 5 4 24 Shenandoah(4937) Ferry-Morse 16.4 5.3 11 7 4 4 25 NC-46 NCState Univ 16.3 5.3 28 23 17 5 26 Patton SunSeeds 16.2 4.7 12 8 7 5 27 Raleigh NCState Univ 16.1 5.4 8 5 0 3 28 Continental(4934) Ferry-Morse 16.1 5.1 25 20 16 5 29 Wellington PetoSeed 16.1 5.6 7 1 0 6 30 NC-45 NCState Univ 15.8 5.8 6 3 0 3 31 XPH-1901 Asgrow Seed 15.6 6.3 13 11 6 2 32 NC-44 NCState Univ 15.1 4.9 25 14 13 11 33 Johnston NCState Univ 15.0 5.2 13 10 7 3 34 FMX-5020 Ferry-Morse 14.7 5.3 18 8 3 10 35 Sun-3533 SunSeeds 14.6 3.7 34 25 18 10 _________________________________________________________________________________ LSD (5%) 3.7 0.9 19 16 11 10 Mean 17.2 5.3 13 8 5 4 CV (%) 7 4 24.8 70 8 116 110 _________________________________________________________________________________ zFirmness determined by punch-testing (Magness-Taylor) 10 grade 2B fruits. Correlation of Texture with: Firmness = 0.2ns, Balloon = -0.60** Correlation of Texture with: Lens = -0.54**, Honeycomb = 0.07ns Table 5. Brinestock evaluation - quality ratings assigned by the judges (judges are ranked by leniency)z. _________________________________________________________________________________ Average External Seed Uniform- Rank Judge quality Shape color Texture cell ity _________________________________________________________________________________ 1 Crocker 6.9 6.5 7.4 5.9 6.9 7.5 2 Coghill 6.6 6.6 7.0 6.3 6.5 6.6 3 Bach 6.4 6.2 6.9 6.8 6.0 6.3 4 Knight 6.3 6.0 6.8 6.7 6.0 6.1 5 Smith 5.8 6.0 5.9 5.6 5.2 6.3 6 Denlinger 5.6 5.5 6.0 5.2 4.8 6.3 7 JCates 5.0 4.8 5.2 4.7 5.1 5.4 8 Quinn 4.7 4.8 5.6 3.9 3.2 6.0 9 Martin 3.8 3.8 4.9 3.0 3.4 4.0 _________________________________________________________________________________ zQuality rated 1 to 9 (9=A+, 8=A, 7=A-, 6=B+, 5=B, 4=B-, 3=C, 2=D, 1=F). Stage 1 Pickling Cucumber Trial 1996 Experiment Design 1. A randomized complete block with 2 replications of pickle cultivars and breeding lines (collectively referred to as cultigens) was grown. 2. Plots were single 10 ft. rows with 5 ft. alleys at each end. 3. Rows were on raised 18" beds spaced 60" apart (center to center). 4. Fertilizer consisted of 80-80-80 lb/A (N-P-K) broadcast preplant and 30-0-0 lb/A (N-P-K) sideplaced at the 2 to 4 leaf stage. 5. Curbit was applied preemergence at the rate of 1 lb. a.i./A. 6. The trial was planted 11 July, and harvested one time, 22 August. Data Collection 1. Firmness was measured on 3 Grade 3 fruits using a Magness-Taylor tester with a 5/16" tip. 2. Length/Diameter ratio was calculated by measuring 5 Grade 2 fruits. 3. Quality ratings were from 1 to 9, with 1 = worst, 9 = best. 4. Disease ratings were from 0 to 9, with 0 = no disease, 1 = trace, 4 = first stem lesions, 9 = plant dead. Results The following cultigens performed well, and could be advanced to the next stage: 1 Raleigh NC State Univ (check) 2 Regal NC State Univ (check) 3 Napoleon SunSeeds (check) 4 Johnston NC State Univ (check) 5 Gy 4 x NC-45 NC State Univ 6 Gy 2 x NC-45 NC State Univ 7 Clinton NC State Univ (check) 8 M 17 NC State Univ (check) 9 Gy 2 x NC-46 NC State Univ Table 6. Stage 1 spring pickle trial - yield data (cultigens are ranked by number of marketable fruits per plot). _________________________________________________________________________________ No. fruits per plot % Fruits Plants Cultivar Seed Mark- Early market per per Rank or line source able Total (OSize) -able plant plot _________________________________________________________________________________ 1 Raleigh NCStateUniv 23 24 4 95 2.1 12 2 Johnston NCStateUniv 20 23 1 87 1.8 14 3 Napoleon SunSeeds 20 23 3 87 1.7 14 4 Gy 2 x NC-45 NCStateUniv 20 22 3 94 1.6 13 5 Regal NCStateUniv 20 22 3 88 1.5 15 6 Gy 4 NCStateUniv 19 20 7 94 2.0 10 7 Gy14A xNC-46 NCStateUniv 18 21 2 87 1.4 15 8 Gy 2 x NC-46 NCStateUniv 18 19 2 92 1.3 15 9 Gy 2 NCStateUniv 17 20 6 87 1.3 15 10 NC-46 NCStateUniv 16 18 0 85 1.3 14 11 M 17 NCStateUniv 14 17 2 85 1.1 15 12 Clinton NCStateUniv 14 15 0 90 2.3 9 13 Addis NCStateUniv 13 13 1 95 2.0 8 14 Gy 4 x NC-45 NCStateUniv 13 13 0 96 0.9 15 15 Gy 4 x NC-46 NCStateUniv 12 12 0 94 1.0 12 16 M 21 NCStateUniv 11 16 1 66 1.0 15 17 Gy14A xNC-45 NCStateUniv 11 14 2 89 1.4 8 18 Gy 4 x NC-44 NCStateUniv 10 13 3 78 1.4 10 19 NC-45 NCStateUniv 10 12 1 45 0.9 9 20 Gy14A xNC-44 NCStateUniv 9 13 2 70 1.3 10 21 Calypso NCStateUniv 9 11 2 91 1.1 9 22 NC-44 NCStateUniv 9 14 1 61 1.1 14 23 Gy 5 x NC-46 NCStateUniv 8 12 0 69 1.4 9 24 Gy 5 NCStateUniv 7 9 4 78 1.8 5 25 Gy 14A NCStateUniv 7 7 1 100 2.6 3 26 Gy 5 x NC-44 NCStateUniv 7 8 2 87 2.0 4 27 Sumter ClemsonUniv 6 6 0 100 0.8 7 28 Gy 2 x NC-44 NCStateUniv 5 8 1 54 1.5 5 29 Gy 5 x NC-45 NCStateUniv 5 5 0 100 1.3 4 30 Wis. SMR 18 Univ. Wis. 3 3 0 50 0.4 9 _________________________________________________________________________________ LSD (5%) 13 15 3 41 1.1 7 Mean 12 14 2 83 1.4 10 CV (%) 53 50 85 24 39 35 _________________________________________________________________________________ Correlation (Total yield with % marketable) = 0.28* Table 7. Stage 1 spring pickle trial - fruit quality data (cultigens are ranked by average fruit quality). _________________________________________________________________________________ Overall Firm- Len. Cultivar Seed Average Seed- impres- ness dia. Rank or line source qualityz Shapez Colory cellz sionz (lb) ratio _________________________________________________________________________________ 1 Clinton NCStateUniv 7.5 8 8 7 8 19 2.7 2 Raleigh NCStateUniv 7.3 8 8 6 8 16 2.7 3 Johnston NCStateUniv 7.3 8 8 6 8 17 3.1 4 Gy 4 x NC-45 NCStateUniv 7.3 8 8 6 8 19 3.0 5 Addis NCStateUniv 7.2 8 8 7 8 18 2.8 6 Regal NCStateUniv 7.0 8 8 6 7 18 2.9 7 M 17 NCStateUniv 6.8 7 4 8 6 16 3.1 8 Calypso NCStateUniv 6.5 8 6 6 7 16 2.6 9 Napoleon SunSeeds 6.5 8 7 5 7 16 3.0 10 Sumter ClemsonUniv 6.5 7 5 7 6 16 2.9 11 Gy 5 x NC-45 NCStateUniv 6.3 7 6 5 7 17 3.5 12 Gy 2 x NC-45 NCStateUniv 6.2 8 8 5 7 17 3.3 13 Gy 5 x NC-46 NCStateUniv 6.2 7 8 6 6 18 3.4 14 Gy 2 x NC-46 NCStateUniv 6.2 6 7 7 6 17 3.2 15 Gy 5 x NC-44 NCStateUniv 6.0 7 7 5 7 17 3.0 16 Gy 4 x NC-44 NCStateUniv 6.0 6 8 6 7 18 3.2 17 Gy 14A NCStateUniv 5.8 7 5 5 6 19 2.7 18 Gy14A xNC-44 NCStateUniv 5.8 6 7 5 7 16 2.7 19 NC-45 NCStateUniv 5.7 7 7 5 6 17 2.7 20 Gy 2 NCStateUniv 5.7 6 7 5 6 18 2.2 21 Gy 4 x NC-46 NCStateUniv 5.7 6 8 6 6 18 3.5 22 M 21 NCStateUniv 5.5 7 7 5 5 17 3.4 23 Gy 4 NCStateUniv 5.5 6 7 5 6 19 2.2 24 Gy14A xNC-46 NCStateUniv 5.5 6 8 5 6 18 3.5 25 NC-46 NCStateUniv 5.2 5 7 6 5 18 3.5 26 NC-44 NCStateUniv 5.0 6 7 5 5 17 3.0 27 Gy 2 x NC-44 NCStateUniv 5.0 6 7 5 5 20 3.3 28 Gy14A xNC-45 NCStateUniv 4.8 6 6 4 5 17 1.9 29 Gy 5 NCStateUniv 4.3 4 5 5 4 17 2.6 30 Wis. SMR 18 Univ. Wis. 3.8 5 4 4 4 18 2.8 _________________________________________________________________________________ LSD (5%) 1.6 2 2 2 2 2 0.4 Mean 6.0 7 7 5 6 17 2.9 CV (%) 13 15 14 19 13 7 7 _________________________________________________________________________________ zQuality rated 1 to 9 (1 = poor, 5 = average, 9 = excellent). yColor rated 1 to 9 (1 = white, 5 = medium green, 9 = very dark green). Correlation (Total yield with average quality) = 0.44** Table 8. Stage 1 spring pickle trial - primary fruit defects, and plant, fruit, skin, and spine type in replications 1 and 2 (cultigens ranked by fruit quality)z. _________________________________________________________________________________ Primary Plant Fruit Skin Spine Cultivar Seed Average defects type type type color Rank or line source quality 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 _________________________________________________________________________________ 1 Clinton NCStateUniv 7.5 K K T T P P W W W W 2 Raleigh NCStateUniv 7.3 K K T T P P W W W W 3 Johnston NCStateUniv 7.3 K K T T P P W W W W 4 Gy 4 x NC-45 NCStateUniv 7.3 K K T T P P W W W W 5 Addis NCStateUniv 7.2 K K T T P P W W W W 6 Regal NCStateUniv 7.0 G K T T P P W W W W 7 M 17 NCStateUniv 6.8 W K T T P P W W W W 8 Calypso NCStateUniv 6.5 K L T T P P W W W W 9 Napoleon SunSeeds 6.5 K K T T P P W W W W 10 Sumter ClemsonUniv 6.5 L L T T P P W W W W 11 Gy 5 x NC-45 NCStateUniv 6.3 L L T T P P W W W W 12 Gy 2 x NC-45 NCStateUniv 6.2 O K T T P P W W W W 13 Gy 5 x NC-46 NCStateUniv 6.2 G G T T P P W W W W 14 Gy 2 x NC-46 NCStateUniv 6.2 G T T T P P W W W W 15 Gy 5 x NC-44 NCStateUniv 6.0 K K T T P P W W W W 16 Gy 4 x NC-44 NCStateUniv 6.0 G T T T P P W W W W 17 Gy 14A NCStateUniv 5.8 W H T T P P W W W W 18 Gy14A xNC-44 NCStateUniv 5.8 C G T T P P W W W W 19 NC-45 NCStateUniv 5.7 K G T T P P W W W W 20 Gy 2 NCStateUniv 5.7 H H T T P P W W W W 21 Gy 4 x NC-46 NCStateUniv 5.7 G G T T P P W W W W 22 M 21 NCStateUniv 5.5 L G T T P P W W W W 23 Gy 4 NCStateUniv 5.5 H H T T P P W W W W 24 Gy14A xNC-46 NCStateUniv 5.5 C D T T P P W W W W 25 NC-46 NCStateUniv 5.2 G G T T P P W W W W 26 NC-44 NCStateUniv 5.0 C D T T P P W W W W 27 Gy 2 x NC-44 NCStateUniv 5.0 G C T T P P W W W W 28 Gy14A xNC-45 NCStateUniv 4.8 K H T T P P W W W W 29 Gy 5 NCStateUniv 4.3 H H T T P P W W W W 30 Wis. SMR 18 Univ. Wis. 3.8 Y R T T P P W W B B _________________________________________________________________________________ LSD (5%) 1.6 Mean 6.0 CV (%) 13 _________________________________________________________________________________ zDefects were rated as follows (giving primary and secondary for each harvest): A - wArty fruit J - S - Separated carpels B - Blossom end defects K - Keep(excellent) T - Tapered ends C - Crooks excessive L - Late maturity U - Uniform green D - Dogbone shape M - Mottled fruit V - Varicolor (dark stem E - Early maturity N - Nubs excessive end, light blossom end) F - Four celled O - Offtype fruit W - White fruit G - lonG fruit P - Placental hollows X - neCKS on fruit H - sHort fruit Q - Y - Yellow fruit I - strIped fruit R - Reject (poor) Z - diSeased fruit Table 9. Stage 1 spring pickle trial - sex expression and vine data (cultigens are ranked by number of male nodes). _________________________________________________________________________________ Cultivar Seed Gyn. Days Days Vine Vine Rank or line source ratingz flwr harv sizey colorx _________________________________________________________________________________ 1 Gy 5 NCStateUniv 9 30 42 4 8 2 Gy 4 NCStateUniv 9 29 42 8 8 3 Gy 14A NCStateUniv 9 36 42 4 6 4 Raleigh NCStateUniv 8 28 42 7 8 5 Gy 2 x NC-44 NCStateUniv 8 34 42 7 5 6 Gy 2 NCStateUniv 8 29 42 7 7 7 Calypso NCStateUniv 8 32 42 6 7 8 Gy14A xNC-44 NCStateUniv 8 29 42 8 5 9 Johnston NCStateUniv 7 30 42 8 7 10 Regal NCStateUniv 7 31 42 7 7 11 Gy14A xNC-45 NCStateUniv 6 33 42 7 5 12 Gy 2 x NC-46 NCStateUniv 6 29 42 6 7 13 Gy 5 x NC-44 NCStateUniv 6 31 42 6 5 14 Gy 4 x NC-44 NCStateUniv 6 32 42 6 4 15 Gy14A xNC-46 NCStateUniv 5 31 42 6 7 16 Addis NCStateUniv 5 30 42 6 8 17 Napoleon SunSeeds 5 29 42 5 6 18 NC-44 NCStateUniv 5 31 42 5 4 19 Clinton NCStateUniv 4 31 42 7 9 20 Sumter ClemsonUniv 4 34 42 6 6 21 Gy 5 x NC-45 NCStateUniv 4 36 42 5 8 22 Gy 5 x NC-46 NCStateUniv 4 33 42 6 7 23 M 17 NCStateUniv 4 29 42 8 6 24 Gy 4 x NC-45 NCStateUniv 4 30 42 8 6 25 Gy 2 x NC-45 NCStateUniv 4 30 42 7 5 26 NC-45 NCStateUniv 4 33 42 7 4 27 M 21 NCStateUniv 3 33 42 4 7 28 NC-46 NCStateUniv 3 31 42 8 8 29 Gy 4 x NC-46 NCStateUniv 3 32 42 8 7 30 Wis. SMR 18 Univ. Wis. 3 34 42 6 3 _________________________________________________________________________________ LSD (5%) 2 4 1 2 2 Mean 5 31 42 6 6 CV (%) 18 6 0 17 16 _________________________________________________________________________________ zGynoecious rating (1 = androecious, 2-3 = andromonoecious, 4-6 = monoecious, 7-8 = predominately gynoecious, 9 = gynoecious). ySize rated 1 to 9 (1=very small, 9=very large). xColor rated 1 to 9 (1=yellow, 9=very dark green). Correlation (Total yield with gyn rating) = 0.06NS Correlation (Total yield with vine size) = 0.32* Table 10. Stage 1 spring pickle trial - disease data (cultigens are ranked by average disease)z. _________________________________________________________________________________ Cultivar Seed Anthrac Rank or line source -nose _________________________________________________________________________________ 1 Johnston NCStateUniv 1.0 2 Addis NCStateUniv 1.0 3 Gy 5 NCStateUniv 1.0 4 Clinton NCStateUniv 1.5 5 Raleigh NCStateUniv 2.0 6 Sumter ClemsonUniv 2.0 7 Gy 5 x NC-45 NCStateUniv 2.0 8 M 21 NCStateUniv 2.0 9 Gy 4 NCStateUniv 2.0 10 Gy 14A NCStateUniv 2.5 11 Gy 2 NCStateUniv 2.5 12 Gy 5 x NC-46 NCStateUniv 3.0 13 Gy14A xNC-45 NCStateUniv 3.0 14 Regal NCStateUniv 3.5 15 NC-46 NCStateUniv 3.5 16 M 17 NCStateUniv 4.0 17 NC-45 NCStateUniv 4.0 18 Gy 4 x NC-46 NCStateUniv 4.0 19 Calypso NCStateUniv 4.5 20 Gy 2 x NC-46 NCStateUniv 4.5 21 Gy14A xNC-46 NCStateUniv 4.5 22 Gy 4 x NC-45 NCStateUniv 5.0 23 Gy 5 x NC-44 NCStateUniv 5.0 24 Gy 2 x NC-44 NCStateUniv 5.0 25 Napoleon SunSeeds 5.5 26 Gy 2 x NC-45 NCStateUniv 5.5 27 Gy 4 x NC-44 NCStateUniv 5.5 28 Wis. SMR 18 Univ. Wis. 6.0 29 Gy14A xNC-44 NCStateUniv 6.5 30 NC-44 NCStateUniv 8.0 _________________________________________________________________________________ LSD (5%) 2.4 Mean 3.7 CV (%) 32 _________________________________________________________________________________ zDisease rated 0 to 9 (0=none, 1-2=trace, 3-4=slight, 5-6=moderate, 7-8=advanced, 9=plant dead). Correlation (Total yield vs. anthracnose rating) = -0.02NS Table 11. Stage 1 spring pickle trial - selection indexes (cultigens ranked by SWI1z). _________________________________________________________________________________ Cultivar Seed Mark. Early Fruit Seed Over Anthrac Rank or line source SWI1 SWI2 yield yield shape cell -all -nose _________________________________________________________________________________ 1 Raleigh NCStateUniv 5.4 5.8 23 4 8 6 8 2 2 Regal NCStateUniv 5.1 5.5 20 3 8 6 7 4 3 Napoleon SunSeeds 5.1 5.5 20 3 8 5 7 6 4 Johnston NCStateUniv 5.0 5.4 20 1 8 6 8 1 5 Gy 4 x NC-45 NCStateUniv 4.9 5.5 13 0 8 6 8 5 6 Gy 2 x NC-45 NCStateUniv 4.9 5.3 20 3 8 5 7 6 7 Clinton NCStateUniv 4.7 5.3 14 0 8 7 8 2 8 M 17 NCStateUniv 4.6 5.0 14 2 7 8 6 4 9 Gy 2 x NC-46 NCStateUniv 4.5 4.8 18 2 6 7 6 5 10 Addis NCStateUniv 4.4 4.9 13 1 8 7 8 1 11 Calypso NCStateUniv 4.4 5.0 9 2 8 6 7 5 12 Gy 4 NCStateUniv 4.3 4.6 19 7 6 5 6 2 13 Gy14A xNC-46 NCStateUniv 4.3 4.6 18 2 6 5 6 5 14 Gy 2 NCStateUniv 4.3 4.6 17 6 6 5 6 3 15 Gy 4 x NC-44 NCStateUniv 4.2 4.7 10 3 6 6 7 6 16 Gy14A xNC-44 NCStateUniv 4.2 4.6 9 2 6 5 7 7 17 Gy 5 x NC-44 NCStateUniv 4.1 4.6 7 2 7 5 7 5 18 NC-45 NCStateUniv 3.9 4.4 10 1 7 5 6 4 19 Gy 4 x NC-46 NCStateUniv 3.8 4.2 12 0 6 6 6 4 20 NC-44 NCStateUniv 3.8 4.3 9 1 6 5 5 8 21 Gy 5 x NC-46 NCStateUniv 3.8 4.3 8 0 7 6 6 3 22 Gy 5 x NC-45 NCStateUniv 3.8 4.4 5 0 7 5 7 2 23 Sumter ClemsonUniv 3.7 4.3 6 0 7 7 6 2 24 NC-46 NCStateUniv 3.7 3.9 16 0 5 6 5 4 25 Gy 14A NCStateUniv 3.7 4.2 7 1 7 5 6 3 26 M 21 NCStateUniv 3.6 4.1 11 1 7 5 5 2 27 Gy14A xNC-45 NCStateUniv 3.4 3.8 11 2 6 4 5 3 28 Gy 2 x NC-44 NCStateUniv 3.3 3.8 5 1 6 5 5 5 29 Gy 5 NCStateUniv 2.8 3.0 7 4 4 5 4 1 30 Wis. SMR 18 Univ. Wis. 2.7 3.1 3 0 5 4 4 6 _________________________________________________________________________________ LSD (5%) 1.5 1.5 13 3 2 2 2 2 Mean 4.1 4.6 12 2 7 5 6 4 CV (%) 17 16 53 85 15 19 13 32 _________________________________________________________________________________ zSWI is simple weighted index calculated from the performance of a cultigen for yield; earliness; fruit shape, seedcell size and overall impression; and disease resistance. The index is calculated with 2 different methods of weighting each trait (10 is best, 1 is worst). Correlation (Total yield with SWI1) = 0.79** Correlation (Total yield with SWI2) = 0.70** Stage 2 Pickling Cucumber Trial 1996 The stage 2 pickle trial was not run this year. Stage 3 Pickling Cucumber Trial 1996 Todd C. Wehner and Tammy L. Ellington Experiment Design 1. A randomized complete block with 3 replications of pickle cultivars and breeding lines (collectively referred to as cultigens) was grown. 2. Plots were single 20 ft. rows with 5 ft. alleys at each end. 3. Rows were on raised 18" beds spaced 60" apart (center to center). 4. Fertilizer consisted of 80-80-80 lb/A (N-P-K) broadcast preplant and 30-0-0 lb/A (N-P-K) sideplaced at the 2 to 4 leaf stage. 5. Curbit was applied preemergence at the rate of 1 lb. a.i./A. 6. The trial was planted 29 April, and harvested 6 times (Mondays and Thursdays) between 13 June and 1 July. Data Collection 1. Firmness was measured on 3 Grade 3 fruits using a Magness-Taylor tester with a 5/16" tip. 2. Length/Diameter ratio was calculated by measuring 5 Grade 2 fruits. 3. Quality ratings were from 1 to 9, with 1 = worst, 9 = best. 4. Disease ratings were from 0 to 9, with 0 = no disease, 1 = trace, 4 = first stem lesions, 9 = plant dead. Results The following cultigens performed well, and could be advanced to the next stage: 1 XPH-1902 Asgrow Seed 2 Sun-3533 SunSeeds 3 Continental Ferry-Morse 4 WI6632E x 6580A Wis-USDA 5 FMX-5018 Ferry-Morse 6 HSX-61 HortAg Seed 7 Shenandoah Ferry-Morse 8 HMX-3469 Harris-Moran 9 Vlasstar Asgrow Seed Table 12. Stage 3 spring pickle trial - yield data (cultigens are ranked by fruit value). _________________________________________________________________________________ Fruit grade distribution Plants Cultivar Seed Valuez Weight (% by weight) per A Rank or line source ($) (cwt) Cull No.1 No.2 No.3 No.4 (x1000) _________________________________________________________________________________ 1 WI6632Ex6580A Wis-USDA 1534 212 17 20 36 23 3 26 2 Sun-3533 SunSeeds 1419 212 14 16 38 25 7 23 3 XPH-1902 Asgrow Seed 1412 274 24 12 24 29 11 25 4 Continental(4934) Ferry-Morse 1410 230 15 13 37 24 11 26 5 FMX-5018 Ferry-Morse 1366 207 17 16 38 21 7 26 6 HSX-61 HortAg Seed 1361 270 18 10 24 38 10 22 7 Shenandoah(4937) Ferry-Morse 1294 209 16 13 35 28 8 25 8 M 21 NCState Univ 1277 181 20 18 39 21 1 26 9 HMX-1463 Harris-Moran 1256 184 19 18 37 23 4 26 10 XPH-1901 Asgrow Seed 1208 198 18 15 32 26 9 26 11 Raleigh NCState Univ 1197 215 17 13 31 27 12 23 12 UW 96E Univ. Wis. 1189 206 26 15 30 22 7 26 13 FMX-5020 Ferry-Morse 1174 204 23 16 33 21 7 26 14 Patton SunSeeds 1162 179 19 15 39 22 5 25 15 Vlasstar Asgrow Seed 1133 157 20 22 36 19 3 25 16 UW 96M Univ. Wis. 1112 181 23 14 32 29 3 26 17 HMX-3469 Harris-Moran 1107 157 19 21 36 23 2 24 18 Gy14 x NC-45 NCState Univ 1076 214 21 10 22 34 12 18 19 WI6236Ax6469A Wis-USDA 929 153 21 15 28 28 8 16 20 Johnston NCState Univ 912 134 21 19 35 20 4 23 21 Wellington PetoSeed 912 145 27 16 37 18 2 26 22 UW 96L Univ. Wis. 891 149 24 15 34 19 7 24 23 UW 96K Univ. Wis. 861 146 27 14 35 20 3 22 24 Calypso NCState Univ 841 134 24 15 35 22 4 19 25 Addis NCState Univ 822 122 16 17 33 27 7 20 26 Gy14 x NC-44 NCState Univ 775 151 22 10 29 30 9 16 27 UW 96N Univ. Wis. 742 122 13 14 34 28 11 25 28 Clinton NCState Univ 685 105 11 15 34 29 10 21 29 M 17 NCState Univ 666 132 23 11 30 23 14 23 30 NC-44 NCState Univ 662 121 22 16 32 20 9 20 31 WI6558x6763 Wis-USDA 552 83 20 17 32 27 3 23 32 NC-45 NCState Univ 531 106 28 10 25 29 8 26 33 Gy14 x NC-46 NCState Univ 458 95 27 10 22 30 12 16 34 Wis.SMR 18 Univ. Wis. 447 81 25 18 26 26 5 14 35 NC-46 NCState Univ 356 71 37 15 22 17 10 24 _________________________________________________________________________________ LSD (5%) 535 105 8 9 9 12 8 6 Mean 992 164 21 15 32 25 7 23 CV (%) 33 39 22 36 18 30 74 15 _________________________________________________________________________________ zValue = (No.1 x $16.00) + No.2 x $8.00) + (No.3 x $4.80). Correlation (Fruit value with fruit weight) = 0.93** Table 13. Stage 3 spring pickle trial - earliness data (cultigens are ranked by fruit value in harvests 1 and 2). _________________________________________________________________________________ Cumulative fruit valuez and % of total valuez (6 harvests) for harvest: Cultivar Seed 1 1-2 1-3 1-4 1-5 Rank or line source $/A % $/A % $/A % $/A % $/A % _________________________________________________________________________________ 1 HSX-61 HortAg Seed 377 27 796 57 965 69 1159 85 1210 88 2 XPH-1902 Asgrow Seed 215 16 728 52 980 69 1240 88 1296 92 3 FMX-5018 Ferry-Morse 314 23 673 50 830 61 1066 78 1125 83 4 Shenandoah(4937) Ferry-Morse 276 22 612 48 799 62 1013 79 1100 86 5 Continentl(4934) Ferry-Morse 199 14 585 41 803 57 1038 74 1125 80 6 FMX-5020 Ferry-Morse 242 17 551 39 724 57 915 77 981 82 7 UW 96E Univ. Wis. 199 17 541 46 720 61 932 78 1002 84 8 HMX-3469 Harris-Moran 228 20 531 47 692 61 905 81 956 86 9 WI6632Ex6580A Wis-USDA 185 12 524 33 765 48 1140 73 1259 81 10 Sun-3533 SunSeeds 146 10 517 36 733 52 1085 76 1213 85 11 Vlasstar Asgrow Seed 185 16 500 44 664 59 879 77 969 85 12 HMX-1463 Harris-Moran 173 14 481 39 670 54 960 76 1046 83 13 Wellington PetoSeed 197 16 441 41 577 54 765 77 812 84 14 XPH-1901 Asgrow Seed 138 11 439 36 640 53 946 79 1031 86 15 UW 96M Univ. Wis. 155 12 426 35 576 49 819 73 891 80 16 Patton SunSeeds 164 13 404 33 570 48 839 72 950 80 17 Raleigh NCState Univ 135 11 398 33 588 48 861 71 941 78 18 M 21 NCState Univ 58 4 384 30 595 47 901 70 1045 82 19 Calypso NCState Univ 114 13 342 40 466 55 604 72 656 78 20 Johnston NCState Univ 106 12 334 36 490 52 680 73 766 83 21 UW 96K Univ. Wis. 98 11 311 36 430 49 641 75 688 80 22 UW 96L Univ. Wis. 66 7 307 34 469 52 674 75 733 82 23 Gy14 x NC-45 NCState Univ 34 3 281 26 505 45 772 69 857 79 24 Gy14 x NC-44 NCState Univ 123 16 278 35 379 47 567 70 634 80 25 Addis NCState Univ 97 10 257 29 365 42 581 67 641 75 26 M 17 NCState Univ 14 2 193 30 303 45 465 68 516 76 27 Clinton NCState Univ 20 3 192 28 300 44 480 70 535 78 28 NC-44 NCState Univ 90 13 187 26 274 39 488 72 541 81 29 WI6236Ax6469A Wis-USDA 26 3 180 18 397 42 645 70 746 81 30 UW 96N Univ. Wis. 21 2 169 20 274 33 483 62 554 73 31 WI6558x6763 Wis-USDA 55 10 155 28 244 44 348 63 424 76 32 Gy14 x NC-46 NCState Univ 47 8 145 26 192 36 284 61 336 74 33 NC-45 NCState Univ 2 0 92 18 180 35 316 61 374 71 34 Wis.SMR 18 Univ. Wis. 5 1 60 13 104 21 224 47 272 58 35 NC-46 NCState Univ 5 2 29 9 81 24 201 58 228 65 _________________________________________________________________________________ LSD (5%) 146 10 303 18 382 18 451 14 480 11 Mean 129 11 373 34 524 49 740 72 813 80 CV (%) 70 56 50 32 45 22 37 12 36 8 _________________________________________________________________________________ zValue = (No.1 x $16.00) + No.2 x $9.00) + (No.3 x $5.00). Correlation (Fruit value with value in harvests 1 and 2) = 0.88** Table 14. Stage 3 spring pickle trial - fruit quality data (cultigens are ranked by average quality). _________________________________________________________________________________ Overall Cultivar Seed Average Seed- impres- Rank or line source qualityz Shapez Colory cellz sionz _________________________________________________________________________________ 1 Vlasstar Asgrow Seed 7.3 8 7 7 7 2 HMX-3469 Harris-Moran 7.3 7 7 7 8 3 XPH-1901 Asgrow Seed 7.1 8 8 6 8 4 Addis NCState Univ 7.0 7 7 7 8 5 Clinton NCState Univ 6.9 8 7 7 6 6 Sun-3533 SunSeeds 6.7 8 9 6 7 7 UW 96K Univ. Wis. 6.7 7 7 6 7 8 Wellington PetoSeed 6.6 7 6 6 7 9 Patton SunSeeds 6.6 7 7 6 7 10 M 21 NCState Univ 6.6 6 7 6 8 11 UW 96E Univ. Wis. 6.4 7 5 6 7 12 Gy14 x NC-46 NCState Univ 6.4 6 7 6 7 13 Continental(4934) Ferry-Morse 6.3 7 7 5 7 14 Gy14 x NC-45 NCState Univ 6.3 7 7 6 6 15 WI6632Ex6580A Wis-USDA 6.3 7 7 6 6 16 Calypso NCState Univ 6.3 6 6 7 7 17 UW 96N Univ. Wis. 6.2 7 7 5 7 18 Johnston NCState Univ 6.2 7 8 6 6 19 UW 96L Univ. Wis. 6.0 7 5 5 6 20 Shenandoah(4937) Ferry-Morse 6.0 6 7 5 6 21 FMX-5020 Ferry-Morse 6.0 6 6 6 6 22 UW 96M Univ. Wis. 5.9 7 6 5 6 23 WI6558x6763 Wis-USDA 5.9 7 7 5 6 24 Gy14 x NC-44 NCState Univ 5.9 5 6 6 7 25 XPH-1902 Asgrow Seed 5.8 7 6 5 6 26 NC-46 NCState Univ 5.7 5 7 7 5 27 HMX-1463 Harris-Moran 5.6 7 7 4 6 28 Raleigh NCState Univ 5.6 5 7 5 6 29 FMX-5018 Ferry-Morse 5.4 6 6 5 6 30 NC-45 NCState Univ 5.3 7 7 3 6 31 NC-44 NCState Univ 5.3 6 7 4 6 32 M 17 NCState Univ 5.3 6 3 6 4 33 WI6236Ax6469A Wis-USDA 5.1 6 5 5 4 34 Wis.SMR 18 Univ. Wis. 4.3 6 4 4 4 35 HSX-61 HortAg Seed 4.1 5 3 4 3 _________________________________________________________________________________ LSD (5%) 0.9 1 1 1 1 Mean 6.1 7 6 6 6 CV (%) 9.4 14 11 16 14 _________________________________________________________________________________ zQuality rated 1 to 9 (1 = poor, 5 = average, 9 = excellent). yColor rated 1 to 9 (1 = white, 5 = medium green, 9 = very dark green). Correlation (Fruit value with average quality) = 0.06NS Table 15. Stage 3 spring pickle trial - other quality data (cultigens are ranked by average quality)z. _________________________________________________________________________________ Cultivar Seed Firm- L/D Defects1° Defects2° Rank or line source ness ratio 2 4 6 2 4 6 _________________________________________________________________________________ 1 Patton SunSeeds 19.3 3.2 H K T T T K 2 Clinton NCState Univ 19.0 2.8 H H H K K K 3 FMX-5018 Ferry-Morse 18.7 2.7 M T D D M V 4 WI6236Ax6469A Wis-USDA 18.7 3.1 W W W T T X 5 Calypso NCState Univ 18.3 3.2 H T K K G D 6 UW 96L Univ. Wis. 18.0 3.4 M W T H T K 7 UW 96M Univ. Wis. 18.0 3.3 T T T H K K 8 NC-45 NCState Univ 18.0 3.3 D T D T G M 9 M 17 NCState Univ 18.0 3.3 W W W V H T 10 Wellington PetoSeed 17.7 3.3 D K M K T O 11 UW 96E Univ. Wis. 17.7 3.5 T G G K T K 12 UW 96N Univ. Wis. 17.7 3.2 H K X K G V 13 WI6558x6763 Wis-USDA 17.7 2.9 H H H T K K 14 XPH-1902 Asgrow Seed 17.3 3.1 D D D K K M 15 Vlasstar Asgrow Seed 17.0 3.3 K K K D C T 16 Sun-3533 SunSeeds 17.0 3.0 H H H K K O 17 UW 96K Univ. Wis. 17.0 3.4 T K T G O G 18 Gy14 x NC-44 NCState Univ 17.0 3.2 T T K C K M 19 HMX-1463 Harris-Moran 17.0 3.5 G T D T G G 20 Continental(4934) Ferry-Morse 16.7 3.2 G K D T T K 21 Johnston NCState Univ 16.7 3.4 T K O H T D 22 Shenandoah(4937) Ferry-Morse 16.7 3.2 H O K T K D 23 NC-44 NCState Univ 16.7 3.7 D T D T G P 24 Wis.SMR 18 Univ. Wis. 16.7 3.2 W W W T T D 25 HMX-3469 Harris-Moran 16.3 3.3 K K K H T D 26 Gy14 x NC-45 NCState Univ 16.3 3.1 K T K T G D 27 WI6632Ex6580A Wis-USDA 16.3 3.3 T T G G G K 28 Gy14 x NC-46 NCState Univ 16.0 3.3 T T K M G D 29 Raleigh NCState Univ 16.0 3.2 H T T T K K 30 HSX-61 HortAg Seed 16.0 3.0 W N W M R N 31 Addis NCState Univ 15.7 3.5 K G K O K T 32 FMX-5020 Ferry-Morse 15.7 3.5 D O D T T M 33 XPH-1901 Asgrow Seed 15.0 3.2 K K K K N D 34 NC-46 NCState Univ 14.7 4.0 G G D T T C 35 M 21 NCState Univ 13.7 3.6 G K D K G T _________________________________________________________________________________ LSD (5%) 2.6 0.4 Mean 17.0 3.3 CV (%) 9.5 7.4 _________________________________________________________________________________ zDefects were rated as follows (giving primary and secondary for each harvest): A - wArty fruit J - S - Separated carpels B - Blossom end defects K - Keep(excellent) T - Tapered ends C - Crooks excessive L - Late maturity U - Uniform green D - Dogbone shape M - Mottled fruit V - Varicolor (dark stem E - Early maturity N - Nubs excessive end, light blossom end) F - Four celled O - Offtype fruit W - White fruit G - lonG fruit P - Placental hollows X - neCKS on fruit H - sHort fruit Q - Y - Yellow fruit I - strIped fruit R - Reject (poor) Z - diSeased fruit Table 16. Stage 3 spring pickle trial - fruit keeping ability data (cultigens are ranked by % weight loss). _________________________________________________________________________________ Weight Rating (0 - 9)y Firm- Cultivar Seed loss Shriv- Rots & ness Rank or line source (%)z eling disease (lb.)x _________________________________________________________________________________ 1 Sun-3533 SunSeeds 14 2 1 11 2 M 21 NCState Univ 16 5 3 13 3 UW 96L Univ. Wis. 17 4 2 13 4 Gy14 x NC-46 NCState Univ 17 6 1 12 5 UW 96N Univ. Wis. 17 5 1 12 6 Gy14 x NC-45 NCState Univ 18 5 1 12 7 HMX-3469 Harris-Moran 18 3 1 12 8 UW 96M Univ. Wis. 18 4 2 14 9 Wellington PetoSeed 18 5 2 12 10 M 17 NCState Univ 18 5 2 13 11 WI6632Ex6580A Wis-USDA 18 6 1 12 12 WI6558x6763 Wis-USDA 18 5 1 13 13 Patton SunSeeds 19 5 1 12 14 UW 96E Univ. Wis. 19 5 3 13 15 Addis NCState Univ 20 6 2 12 16 UW 96K Univ. Wis. 20 4 1 14 17 Gy14 x NC-44 NCState Univ 21 6 3 13 18 Clinton NCState Univ 21 4 1 15 19 Raleigh NCState Univ 21 6 3 11 20 WI6236Ax6469A Wis-USDA 22 7 2 12 21 FMX-5020 Ferry-Morse 22 6 2 13 22 HSX-61 HortAg Seed 22 7 3 11 23 HMX-1463 Harris-Moran 22 6 2 13 24 NC-46 NCState Univ 22 8 3 12 25 FMX-5018 Ferry-Morse 23 6 3 15 26 Shenandoah(4937) Ferry-Morse 23 3 1 12 27 Johnston NCState Univ 23 6 3 13 28 Calypso NCState Univ 25 7 2 15 29 XPH-1901 Asgrow Seed 25 4 1 13 30 Continental(4934) Ferry-Morse 25 3 2 12 31 NC-45 NCState Univ 27 7 3 12 32 XPH-1902 Asgrow Seed 27 6 2 12 33 NC-44 NCState Univ 28 4 2 12 34 Wis.SMR 18 Univ. Wis. 30 8 4 11 35 Vlasstar Asgrow Seed 33 6 2 11 _________________________________________________________________________________ LSD (5%) 9 2 2 3 Mean 21 5 2 12 CV (%) 25 27 62 13 _________________________________________________________________________________ zAfter storage at room temperature for 8 days in open kraft paper bags. yShriveling & disease rated 0-9 (0=none, 1-3=slight, 4-6=moderate, 7-9=advanced). xFirmness after storage using Magness-Taylor fruit punch tester. Correlation (weight loss with shriveling) = 0.47** Correlation (weight loss with firmness) = 0.14NS Table 17. Stage 3 spring pickle trial - bloater resistance data (cultigens are ranked by bloater resistance)z. _________________________________________________________________________________ Total Cultivar Seed bloater Honey- Rank or line source damage Balloon Lens comb _________________________________________________________________________________ 1 UW 96L Univ. Wis. 0 0 0 0 2 Gy14 x NC-46 NCState Univ 0 0 0 0 3 UW 96N Univ. Wis. 0 0 0 0 4 Gy14 x NC-45 NCState Univ 0 0 0 0 5 HMX-3469 Harris-Moran 0 0 0 0 6 UW 96M Univ. Wis. 0 0 0 0 7 Wellington PetoSeed 0 0 0 0 8 WI6632Ex6580A Wis-USDA 0 0 0 0 9 UW 96K Univ. Wis. 0 0 0 0 10 HMX-1463 Harris-Moran 0 0 0 0 11 Johnston NCState Univ 0 0 0 0 12 Calypso NCState Univ 0 0 0 0 13 NC-45 NCState Univ 0 0 0 0 14 NC-44 NCState Univ 0 0 0 0 15 Wis.SMR 18 Univ. Wis. 0 0 0 0 16 Vlasstar Asgrow Seed 0 0 0 0 17 UW 96E Univ. Wis. 1 0 0 1 18 WI6236Ax6469A Wis-USDA 1 0 0 1 19 M 21 NCState Univ 1 1 0 0 20 Continental(4934) Ferry-Morse 1 1 0 0 21 HSX-61 HortAg Seed 1 0 0 1 22 WI6558x6763 Wis-USDA 1 1 0 0 23 Patton SunSeeds 1 1 0 0 24 XPH-1901 Asgrow Seed 2 1 0 1 25 Shenandoah(4937) Ferry-Morse 3 1 1 0 26 Addis NCState Univ 3 3 0 0 27 FMX-5018 Ferry-Morse 3 3 0 0 28 XPH-1902 Asgrow Seed 3 3 0 0 29 Gy14 x NC-44 NCState Univ 3 2 0 1 30 FMX-5020 Ferry-Morse 3 3 0 0 31 Clinton NCState Univ 4 4 0 0 32 NC-46 NCState Univ 5 4 0 1 33 M 17 NCState Univ 5 4 0 1 34 Raleigh NCState Univ 7 4 2 1 35 Sun-3533 SunSeeds 7 6 0 1 _________________________________________________________________________________ LSD (5%) 4 4 1 1 Mean 2 1 0 0 CV (%) 160 203 509 319 _________________________________________________________________________________ zData are means of 2 harvests, 5 fruits/cultigen. Fruits tested in 5 gal. pails purged with 100% CO2. Table 18. Stage 3 spring pickle trial - bloater resistance data (cultigens are ranked by total bloater + defect resistance)z. _________________________________________________________________________________ Bloaters Total Blossom Placen Cultivar Seed + bloater Total -end -tal Soft Rank or line source defects damage defects defects hollow center _________________________________________________________________________________ 1 Gy14 x NC-46 NCState Univ 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 UW 96N Univ. Wis. 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 Gy14 x NC-45 NCState Univ 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 WI6632Ex6580A Wis-USDA 0 0 0 0 0 0 5 UW 96K Univ. Wis. 0 0 0 0 0 0 6 HMX-1463 Harris-Moran 0 0 0 0 0 0 7 Calypso NCState Univ 0 0 0 0 0 0 8 NC-45 NCState Univ 0 0 0 0 0 0 9 WI6236Ax6469A Wis-USDA 1 0 1 0 0 0 10 Johnston NCState Univ 0 1 1 0 0 1 11 Wis.SMR 18 Univ. Wis. 0 1 1 0 1 0 12 UW 96M Univ. Wis. 0 2 2 0 0 2 13 UW 96E Univ. Wis. 1 1 2 1 0 0 14 M 21 NCState Univ 1 1 2 1 1 0 15 Patton SunSeeds 1 1 2 0 1 0 16 HMX-3469 Harris-Moran 0 3 3 0 3 0 17 FMX-5018 Ferry-Morse 3 0 3 0 0 0 18 Gy14 x NC-44 NCState Univ 3 0 3 0 0 0 19 Vlasstar Asgrow Seed 0 3 3 0 1 2 20 WI6558x6763 Wis-USDA 1 2 4 1 1 1 21 XPH-1901 Asgrow Seed 2 1 4 0 1 0 22 Addis NCState Univ 3 2 5 1 1 0 23 NC-44 NCState Univ 0 5 5 0 5 0 24 XPH-1902 Asgrow Seed 3 2 5 1 0 1 25 Wellington PetoSeed 0 5 5 0 5 0 26 UW 96L Univ. Wis. 0 6 6 0 2 3 27 Continentl(4934) Ferry-Morse 1 5 6 0 5 0 28 Shenandoah(4937) Ferry-Morse 3 4 6 1 3 0 29 NC-46 NCState Univ 5 1 6 0 1 0 30 Raleigh NCState Univ 7 0 7 0 0 0 31 HSX-61 HortAg Seed 1 6 7 1 5 0 32 M 17 NCState Univ 5 3 8 1 1 1 33 Sun-3533 SunSeeds 7 1 9 0 0 1 34 Clinton NCState Univ 4 7 10 3 3 0 35 FMX-5020 Ferry-Morse 3 12 15 1 11 0 _________________________________________________________________________________ LSD (5%) 8 4 7 2 5 2 Mean 4 2 2 0 2 0 CV (%) 133 160 189 367 220 389 _________________________________________________________________________________ zData are means of 2 harvests, 5 fruits/cultigen. Fruits tested in 5 gal. pails purged with 100% CO2. Table 19. Stage 3 spring pickle trial - sex expression and vine data (cultigens are ranked by number of male nodes). _________________________________________________________________________________ Cultivar Seed Gyn. Vine Vine Rank or line source ratingz sizey colorx _________________________________________________________________________________ 1 Patton SunSeeds 9 5 8 2 HMX-1463 Harris-Moran 9 6 6 3 XPH-1902 Asgrow Seed 9 6 8 4 HMX-3469 Harris-Moran 8 6 7 5 Vlasstar Asgrow Seed 8 6 7 6 Raleigh NCState Univ 8 6 8 7 Calypso NCState Univ 8 6 7 8 UW 96M Univ. Wis. 8 6 5 9 Gy14 x NC-44 NCState Univ 8 6 6 10 WI6632Ex6580A Wis-USDA 8 5 6 11 Johnston NCState Univ 8 5 7 12 UW 96L Univ. Wis. 8 5 7 13 UW 96K Univ. Wis. 8 5 7 14 UW 96E Univ. Wis. 8 7 7 15 WI6236Ax6469A Wis-USDA 8 6 6 16 Shenandoah(4937) Ferry-Morse 8 6 8 17 UW 96N Univ. Wis. 8 5 7 18 HSX-61 HortAg Seed 7 7 7 19 FMX-5020 Ferry-Morse 7 6 8 20 XPH-1901 Asgrow Seed 7 6 8 21 Sun-3533 SunSeeds 7 5 8 22 Gy14 x NC-45 NCState Univ 6 6 6 23 WI6558x6763 Wis-USDA 6 5 7 24 Wellington PetoSeed 6 5 7 25 FMX-5018 Ferry-Morse 6 7 7 26 NC-45 NCState Univ 6 6 6 27 Continental(4934) Ferry-Morse 5 6 8 28 Addis NCState Univ 5 6 8 29 NC-44 NCState Univ 5 5 6 30 NC-46 NCState Univ 5 7 7 31 Clinton NCState Univ 5 6 8 32 Wis.SMR 18 Univ. Wis. 5 6 5 33 M 17 NCState Univ 4 7 5 34 Gy14 x NC-46 NCState Univ 4 6 7 35 M 21 NCState Univ 4 4 8 _________________________________________________________________________________ LSD (5%) 2 2 1 Mean 7 6 7 CV (%) 14 16 9 _________________________________________________________________________________ zCounted on the first 5 nodes of 5 plants per plot (gyn plants have 0 male nodes). ySize rated 1 to 9 (1=very small, 9=very large). xColor rated 1 to 9 (1=yellow, 9=very dark green). Correlation (yield with % male nodes) = 0.38** Correlation (yield with vine size) = 0.27** Table 20. Stage 3 spring pickle trial - disease data (cultigens are ranked by average disease)z. _________________________________________________________________________________ Cultivar Seed Average Rank or line source disease _________________________________________________________________________________ 1 Patton SunSeeds 0.0 2 HMX-1463 Harris-Moran 0.0 3 XPH-1902 Asgrow Seed 0.0 4 HMX-3469 Harris-Moran 0.0 5 Vlasstar Asgrow Seed 0.0 6 Raleigh NCState Univ 0.0 7 Calypso NCState Univ 0.0 8 UW 96M Univ. Wis. 0.0 9 Gy14 x NC-44 NCState Univ 0.0 10 WI6632Ex6580A Wis-USDA 0.0 11 Johnston NCState Univ 0.0 12 UW 96L Univ. Wis. 0.0 13 UW 96K Univ. Wis. 0.0 14 UW 96E Univ. Wis. 0.0 15 WI6236Ax6469A Wis-USDA 0.0 16 Shenandoah(4937) Ferry-Morse 0.0 17 UW 96N Univ. Wis. 0.0 18 HSX-61 HortAg Seed 0.0 19 FMX-5020 Ferry-Morse 0.0 20 XPH-1901 Asgrow Seed 0.0 21 Sun-3533 SunSeeds 0.0 22 Gy14 x NC-45 NCState Univ 0.0 23 WI6558x6763 Wis-USDA 0.0 24 Wellington PetoSeed 0.0 25 FMX-5018 Ferry-Morse 0.0 26 NC-45 NCState Univ 0.0 27 Continental(4934) Ferry-Morse 0.0 28 Addis NCState Univ 0.0 29 NC-44 NCState Univ 0.0 30 NC-46 NCState Univ 0.0 31 Clinton NCState Univ 0.0 32 Wis.SMR 18 Univ. Wis. 0.0 33 M 17 NCState Univ 0.0 34 Gy14 x NC-46 NCState Univ 0.0 35 M 21 NCState Univ 0.0 _________________________________________________________________________________ LSD (5%) 0.0 Mean 0.0 CV (%) 0 _________________________________________________________________________________ zDisease rated 0 to 9 (0=none, 1-2=trace, 3-4=slight, 5-6=moderate, 7-8=advanced, 9=plant dead). Correlation (yield vs. anthracnose rating) = -NS Table 21. Stage 3 spring pickle trial - selection indexes (cultigens ranked by SWI1)z. _________________________________________________________________________________ Cultivar Seed Simple weighted Average rank Rank or line source SWI1 SWI2 ARI1 ARI2 _________________________________________________________________________________ 1 XPH-1902 Asgrow Seed 8.3 7.2 16.1 14.2 2 Sun-3533 SunSeeds 8.0 7.0 12.3 13.5 3 Continental(4934) Ferry-Morse 8.0 7.0 13.1 13.5 4 WI6632Ex6580A Wis-USDA 8.0 6.9 13.9 15.0 5 FMX-5018 Ferry-Morse 7.9 6.8 17.0 14.5 6 HSX-61 HortAg Seed 7.9 6.8 21.8 18.4 7 Shenandoah(4937) Ferry-Morse 7.8 6.8 16.1 15.0 8 HMX-3469 Harris-Moran 7.6 6.7 11.8 13.5 9 Vlasstar Asgrow Seed 7.5 6.7 11.1 13.1 10 UW 96E Univ. Wis. 7.4 6.6 14.4 13.9 11 XPH-1901 Asgrow Seed 7.4 6.7 11.6 14.5 12 FMX-5020 Ferry-Morse 7.3 6.4 17.1 17.3 13 HMX-1463 Harris-Moran 7.2 6.4 17.8 17.1 14 Patton SunSeeds 7.1 6.3 15.6 15.5 15 M 21 NCState Univ 7.1 6.4 14.3 17.4 16 UW 96M Univ. Wis. 6.9 6.1 17.7 16.8 17 Raleigh NCState Univ 6.8 6.2 19.2 18.8 18 Wellington PetoSeed 6.7 6.0 15.4 15.2 19 Gy14 x NC-45 NCState Univ 6.5 6.0 17.2 18.2 20 Johnston NCState Univ 6.4 5.8 18.0 18.7 21 UW 96K Univ. Wis. 6.3 5.8 16.8 17.9 22 Calypso NCState Univ 6.2 5.7 18.1 17.8 23 UW 96L Univ. Wis. 6.1 5.6 19.4 18.2 24 Addis NCState Univ 6.1 5.6 15.6 18.3 25 Clinton NCState Univ 5.8 5.3 17.4 17.7 26 Gy14 x NC-44 NCState Univ 5.7 5.4 20.4 19.5 27 UW 96N Univ. Wis. 5.6 5.1 19.6 20.0 28 WI6236Ax6469A Wis-USDA 5.6 5.0 23.1 21.5 29 NC-44 NCState Univ 5.3 4.9 24.4 23.0 30 WI6558x6763 Wis-USDA 5.1 4.8 22.4 21.9 31 M 17 NCState Univ 5.1 4.8 23.0 21.7 32 Gy14 x NC-46 NCState Univ 5.0 4.8 19.9 21.5 33 NC-45 NCState Univ 4.8 4.5 24.4 23.1 34 NC-46 NCState Univ 4.3 4.0 25.4 26.7 35 Wis.SMR 18 Univ. Wis. 4.2 3.8 29.1 27.6 _________________________________________________________________________________ LSD (5%) 1.7 1.3 5.1 4.8 Mean 6.5 5.9 18.0 18.0 CV (%) 16.1 13.9 17.5 16.3 _________________________________________________________________________________ zSWI is simple weighted index calculated from the performance of a cultigen for yield; earliness; fruit shape, seedcell size and overall impression; and disease resistance. The index is calculated with 2 different methods of weighting each trait (10 is best, 1 is worst). ARI is the average ranking of each cultigen for yield, earliness, fruit quality and disease resistance. The index is calculated with 2 different sets of secondary traits added in with the primary traits (1 is best). Correlation (yield with SWI1) = 0.87** Correlation (yield with ARI1) = -0.53** Stage 4 Pickling Cucumber Trial 1996 Todd C. Wehner and Tammy L. Ellington Experiment Design 1. A randomized complete block with 3 replications of pickle cultivars and breeding lines (collectively referred to as cultigens) was grown. 2. Plots were single 20 ft. rows with 5 ft. alleys at each end. 3. Rows were on raised 18" beds spaced 60" apart (center to center). 4. Fertilizer consisted of 80-80-80 lb/A (N-P-K) broadcast preplant and 30-0-0 lb/A (N-P-K) sideplaced at the 2 to 4 leaf stage. 5. Curbit was applied preemergence at the rate of 1 lb. a.i./A. 6. The trial was planted 18 July, and harvested 4 times (Mondays and Thursdays) between 26 August through 5 September. The trial was ended by hurricane Fran. Data Collection 1. Firmness was measured on 3 Grade 3 fruits using a Magness-Taylor tester with a 5/16" tip. 2. Length/Diameter ratio was calculated by measuring 10 Grade 2 fruits. 3. Quality ratings were from 1 to 9, with 1 = worst, 9 = best. 4. Disease ratings were from 0 to 9, with 0 = no disease, 1 = trace, 4 = first stem lesions, 9 = plant dead. Results The following cultigens performed well, and could be advanced to the next stage: 1 HMX-3469 Harris-Moran 2 Johnston NC State Univ 3 Patton SunSeeds 4 Shenandoah Ferry-Morse 5 Raleigh NC State Univ 6 HMX-1463 Harris-Moran 7 Wellington Petoseed 8 WI6632E x 6580A Wis-USDA 9 XPH-1901 Asgrow Seed Table 22. Stage 4 summer pickle trial - yield data (cultigens are ranked by fruit value). _________________________________________________________________________________ Fruit grade distribution Plants Cultivar Seed Valuez Weight (% by weight) per A Rank or line source ($) (cwt) Culls No.1 No.2 No.3 No.4 (X1000) _________________________________________________________________________________ 1 HMX-3469 Harris-Moran 1370 244 17 9 18 51 6 26 2 Johnston NCState Univ 1318 249 19 8 20 48 5 26 3 Shenandoah(4937) Ferry-Morse 1131 275 22 5 13 48 12 26 4 Patton SunSeeds 1128 239 26 6 19 45 5 26 5 Raleigh NCState Univ 1126 218 21 9 21 41 7 26 6 WI6632Ex6580A Wis-USDA 1079 209 20 8 16 47 8 26 7 Wellington PetoSeed 1031 203 16 7 18 47 12 26 8 HMX-1463 Harris-Moran 975 188 18 7 24 42 8 26 9 FMX-5020 Ferry-Morse 916 252 38 5 10 37 11 26 10 UW 96N Univ. Wis. 906 153 19 11 28 36 5 26 11 XPH-1901 Asgrow Seed 896 170 23 9 17 45 5 26 12 Addis NCState Univ 797 135 18 11 32 27 12 26 13 UW 96K Univ. Wis. 797 181 33 9 18 33 6 26 14 M 21 NCState Univ 772 127 12 10 30 44 5 25 15 Continental(4934) Ferry-Morse 769 147 20 9 23 41 6 26 16 Gy14 x NC-46 NCState Univ 765 207 32 5 15 37 11 26 17 Gy14 x NC-45 NCState Univ 745 194 28 6 21 31 14 26 18 FMX-5018 Ferry-Morse 734 140 28 11 21 31 9 26 19 Gy14 x NC-44 NCState Univ 693 179 33 5 8 46 8 15 20 NC-45 NCState Univ 688 143 25 6 21 37 10 26 21 XPH-1902 Asgrow Seed 665 158 34 5 14 40 7 26 22 UW 96E Univ. Wis. 661 155 42 8 16 30 4 26 23 Calypso NCState Univ 656 164 31 6 10 44 9 26 24 M 17 NCState Univ 647 136 21 6 23 36 13 26 25 UW 96L Univ. Wis. 627 153 48 6 13 29 5 26 26 WI6236Ax6469A Wis-USDA 605 158 32 8 20 24 15 26 27 Vlasstar Asgrow Seed 600 114 20 9 27 34 11 26 28 UW 96M Univ. Wis. 597 123 26 12 25 31 6 26 29 Sun-3533 SunSeeds 589 119 19 8 22 39 12 26 30 WI6558x6763 Wis-USDA 555 131 37 6 13 34 10 26 31 Clinton NCState Univ 504 85 11 17 24 37 11 26 32 NC-46 NCState Univ 428 122 43 6 11 32 8 26 33 HSX-61 HortAg Seed 367 111 47 8 11 25 9 26 34 NC-44 NCState Univ 152 48 61 9 11 15 3 21 35 Wis.SMR 18 Univ. Wis. 139 43 57 9 14 11 9 26 _________________________________________________________________________________ LSD (5%) 449 100 18 6 13 17 9 2 Mean 755 162 28 8 18 36 8 26 CV (%) 36 38 40 46 44 29 67 6 _________________________________________________________________________________ zValue = (No.1 x $16.00) + No.2 x $8.00) + (No.3 x $4.80). Correlation (Fruit value with fruit weight) = 0.91** Table 23. Stage 4 summer pickle trial - earliness data (cultigens are ranked by fruit value in harvests 1 and 2)z. _________________________________________________________________________________ Cumulative fruit value and % of total value (6 harvests) for harvest: Cultivar Seed 1 1-2 1-3 1-4 1-5 Rank or line source $/A % $/A % $/A % $/A % $/A % _________________________________________________________________________________ 1 Johnston NCState Univ 649 46 881 63 1263 95 1318 100 1318 100 2 HMX-3469 Harris-Moran 612 44 865 62 1329 97 1370 100 1370 100 3 Patton SunSeeds 646 55 815 71 1097 97 1128 100 1128 100 4 Shenandoah(4937) Ferry-Morse 584 48 785 67 1084 96 1131 100 1131 100 5 FMX-5020 Ferry-Morse 563 62 735 81 894 98 916 100 916 100 6 Raleigh NCState Univ 471 41 721 62 1075 96 1126 100 1126 100 7 WI6632Ex6580A Wis-USDA 474 39 686 62 1037 97 1079 100 1079 100 8 Wellington PetoSeed 379 35 571 54 981 95 1031 100 1031 100 9 Gy14 x NC-44 NCState Univ 428 61 559 81 688 99 693 100 693 100 10 Gy14 x NC-46 NCState Univ 386 45 553 70 744 97 765 100 765 100 11 Calypso NCState Univ 406 63 536 83 639 98 656 100 656 100 12 XPH-1901 Asgrow Seed 343 39 527 59 845 94 896 100 896 100 13 UW 96K Univ. Wis. 362 33 525 57 771 97 797 100 797 100 14 UW 96L Univ. Wis. 368 66 513 86 619 99 627 100 627 100 15 Gy14 x NC-45 NCState Univ 341 39 498 60 718 95 745 100 745 100 16 FMX-5018 Ferry-Morse 260 38 491 69 698 96 734 100 734 100 17 HMX-1463 Harris-Moran 309 30 486 48 919 95 975 100 975 100 18 UW 96E Univ. Wis. 311 39 477 70 647 96 661 100 661 100 19 XPH-1902 Asgrow Seed 343 52 476 72 623 93 665 100 665 100 20 UW 96N Univ. Wis. 171 18 434 46 843 93 906 100 906 100 21 Continentl(4934) Ferry-Morse 300 34 425 50 730 96 769 100 769 100 22 NC-45 NCState Univ 276 39 381 55 673 98 688 100 688 100 23 WI6236Ax6469A Wis-USDA 240 25 378 52 558 91 605 100 605 100 24 M 17 NCState Univ 241 33 371 54 633 97 647 100 647 100 25 Addis NCState Univ 193 26 371 49 743 94 797 100 797 100 26 M 21 NCState Univ 233 28 362 45 728 94 772 100 772 100 27 WI6558x6763 Wis-USDA 221 42 333 65 512 93 555 100 555 100 28 UW 96M Univ. Wis. 180 24 327 50 572 95 597 100 597 100 29 HSX-61 HortAg Seed 215 44 289 70 367 100 367 100 367 100 30 NC-46 NCState Univ 181 43 269 65 408 96 428 100 428 100 31 Vlasstar Asgrow Seed 128 21 256 41 556 93 600 100 600 100 32 Clinton NCState Univ 178 26 250 39 475 91 504 100 504 100 33 Sun-3533 SunSeeds 172 19 243 31 543 91 589 100 589 100 34 NC-44 NCState Univ 47 25 90 55 145 96 152 100 152 100 35 Wis.SMR 18 Univ. Wis. 11 10 52 42 137 97 139 100 139 100 _________________________________________________________________________________ LSD (5%) 314 27 357 25 431 5 448 0 448 0 Mean 320 38 472 60 723 96 755 100 755 100 CV (%) 60 44 46 25 37 3 36 0 36 0 _________________________________________________________________________________ zValue = (No.1 x $16.00) + No.2 x $8.00) + (No.3 x $4.80). Correlation (Fruit value with value in harvests 1 and 2) = 0.92** Table 24. Stage 4 summer pickle trial - fruit quality data (cultigens are ranked by average quality). _________________________________________________________________________________ Overall Cultivar Seed Average Seed- impres- Rank or line source qualityz Shapez Colory cellx sionz _________________________________________________________________________________ 1 Vlasstar Asgrow Seed 7.6 8 8 7 8 2 Clinton NCState Univ 7.2 7 8 7 7 3 HMX-1463 Harris-Moran 7.1 8 8 6 7 4 Addis NCState Univ 6.7 7 6 6 7 5 Shenandoah(4937) Ferry-Morse 6.6 7 8 5 7 6 M 21 NCState Univ 6.6 7 7 6 7 7 Patton SunSeeds 6.6 7 8 6 7 8 XPH-1901 Asgrow Seed 6.4 7 7 5 7 9 HMX-3469 Harris-Moran 6.4 7 7 6 6 10 FMX-5018 Ferry-Morse 6.4 7 5 6 6 11 Wellington PetoSeed 6.2 7 6 6 6 12 WI6558x6763 Wis-USDA 6.2 7 7 5 7 13 Johnston NCState Univ 5.9 7 7 5 6 14 Sun-3533 SunSeeds 5.8 7 8 5 6 15 UW 96N Univ. Wis. 5.8 7 6 5 6 16 UW 96L Univ. Wis. 5.8 6 5 5 6 17 Gy14 x NC-46 NCState Univ 5.7 6 6 5 5 18 Calypso NCState Univ 5.7 6 4 5 5 19 Continental(4934) Ferry-Morse 5.7 6 7 5 6 20 UW 96M Univ. Wis. 5.7 6 6 5 6 21 Raleigh NCState Univ 5.7 6 6 6 6 22 FMX-5020 Ferry-Morse 5.6 6 7 6 5 23 NC-46 NCState Univ 5.6 5 7 6 5 24 Gy14 x NC-44 NCState Univ 5.6 6 6 5 6 25 UW 96K Univ. Wis. 5.6 6 7 5 6 26 Gy14 x NC-45 NCState Univ 5.4 7 6 4 6 27 WI6632Ex6580A Wis-USDA 5.4 6 5 4 6 28 UW 96E Univ. Wis. 5.4 6 5 4 6 29 XPH-1902 Asgrow Seed 5.4 6 5 4 6 30 M 17 NCState Univ 5.3 7 3 5 4 31 NC-44 NCState Univ 5.1 5 7 5 5 32 NC-45 NCState Univ 4.9 6 6 4 5 33 WI6236Ax6469A Wis-USDA 4.8 5 4 4 5 34 Wis.SMR 18 Univ. Wis. 4.4 6 3 3 4 35 HSX-61 HortAg Seed 4.3 5 4 4 4 _________________________________________________________________________________ LSD (5%) 1.2 1.6 1.4 1.7 1.4 Mean 5.8 6 6 5 6 CV (%) 12.8 16 14 20 14 _________________________________________________________________________________ zQuality rated 1 to 9 (1 = poor, 5 = average, 9 = excellent). yColor rated 1 to 9 (1 = white, 5 = medium green, 9 = very dark green). Correlation (Fruit value with average quality) = 0.27** Table 25. Stage 4 summer pickle trial - other quality data (cultigens are ranked by average quality)z. _________________________________________________________________________________ Cultivar Seed Firm- L/D Average Defects1° Defects2° Rank or line source ness ratio quality 2 4 2 4 _________________________________________________________________________________ 1 M 17 NCState Univ 18.0 3.1 5.3 W W X D 2 WI6558x6763 Wis-USDA 17.0 3.2 6.2 H H K K 3 NC-45 NCState Univ 16.7 3.0 4.9 D M T I 4 Vlasstar Asgrow Seed 16.3 2.8 7.6 K K K H 5 UW 96L Univ. Wis. 16.3 3.0 5.8 W M T I 6 UW 96M Univ. Wis. 16.3 3.1 5.7 W T T C 7 Gy14 x NC-44 NCState Univ 16.0 3.0 5.6 M T K M 8 Patton SunSeeds 15.7 3.1 6.6 T T K K 9 Calypso NCState Univ 15.7 3.0 5.7 W M K T 10 FMX-5020 Ferry-Morse 15.7 3.1 5.6 M G B C 11 NC-46 NCState Univ 15.7 3.4 5.6 P D T T 12 UW 96K Univ. Wis. 15.7 3.3 5.6 M G K K 13 WI6236Ax6469A Wis-USDA 15.7 2.9 4.8 W X X V 14 Clinton NCState Univ 15.3 2.8 7.2 K H H K 15 HMX-1463 Harris-Moran 15.3 3.1 7.1 K H T T 16 Addis NCState Univ 15.3 3.2 6.7 M K V K 17 XPH-1901 Asgrow Seed 15.3 3.1 6.4 M T K K 18 UW 96N Univ. Wis. 15.3 3.1 5.8 T K I X 19 NC-44 NCState Univ 15.3 3.3 5.1 T G G T 20 Shenandoah(4937) Ferry-Morse 15.0 3.0 6.6 D H K K 21 Gy14 x NC-46 NCState Univ 15.0 3.0 5.7 T M W D 22 Raleigh NCState Univ 15.0 2.7 5.7 D H K T 23 Wis.SMR 18 Univ. Wis. 15.0 2.8 4.4 Y W M T 24 FMX-5018 Ferry-Morse 14.7 3.0 6.4 W M M K 25 Johnston NCState Univ 14.7 3.3 5.9 K H O T 26 WI6632Ex6580A Wis-USDA 14.7 3.3 5.4 W M X T 27 UW 96E Univ. Wis. 14.7 3.0 5.4 K G W K 28 M 21 NCState Univ 14.3 3.4 6.6 K G G T 29 Wellington PetoSeed 14.3 3.0 6.2 M K B T 30 HSX-61 HortAg Seed 14.3 2.6 4.3 N W M T 31 HMX-3469 Harris-Moran 14.0 3.0 6.4 K H T K 32 Sun-3533 SunSeeds 14.0 2.8 5.8 T H H K 33 Gy14 x NC-45 NCState Univ 14.0 3.0 5.4 M H I M 34 XPH-1902 Asgrow Seed 14.0 2.8 5.4 W T D M 35 Continental(4934) Ferry-Morse 13.7 3.0 5.7 A D K T _________________________________________________________________________________ LSD (5%) 2.1 0.4 1.2 Mean 15.2 3.0 5.8 CV (%) 8 8 13 _________________________________________________________________________________ zQuality rated 1 to 9 (1 = poor, 5 = average, 9 = excellent). Defects were rated as follows (giving primary and secondary for each harvest): A - wArty fruit J - S - Separated carpels B - Blossom end defects K - Keep(excellent) T - Tapered ends C - Crooks excessive L - Late maturity U - Uniform green D - Dogbone shape M - Mottled fruit V - Varicolor (dark stem E - Early maturity N - Nubs excessive end, light blossom end) F - Four celled O - Offtype fruit W - White fruit G - lonG fruit P - Placental hollows X - neCKS on fruit H - sHort fruit Q - Y - Yellow fruit I - strIped fruit R - Reject (poor) Z - diSeased fruit Table 26. Stage 4 summer pickle trial - sex expression and vine data (cultigens are ranked by number of male nodes). _________________________________________________________________________________ Cultivar Seed Gyn. Vine Rank or line source ratingz sizey _________________________________________________________________________________ 1 UW 96L Univ. Wis. 8 6 2 Johnston NCState Univ 8 8 3 Raleigh NCState Univ 8 6 4 Calypso NCState Univ 8 6 5 Patton SunSeeds 8 7 6 WI6632Ex6580A Wis-USDA 7 7 7 Wellington PetoSeed 7 7 8 Gy14 x NC-44 NCState Univ 7 7 9 WI6236Ax6469A Wis-USDA 7 6 10 XPH-1901 Asgrow Seed 7 6 11 Shenandoah(4937) Ferry-Morse 7 7 12 HMX-1463 Harris-Moran 7 7 13 FMX-5020 Ferry-Morse 7 7 14 Vlasstar Asgrow Seed 7 6 15 XPH-1902 Asgrow Seed 7 6 16 UW 96E Univ. Wis. 7 5 17 UW 96K Univ. Wis. 6 7 18 Continental(4934) Ferry-Morse 6 7 19 UW 96N Univ. Wis. 6 8 20 UW 96M Univ. Wis. 6 7 21 NC-44 NCState Univ 6 7 22 HMX-3469 Harris-Moran 6 7 23 HSX-61 HortAg Seed 6 6 24 WI6558x6763 Wis-USDA 6 6 25 M 21 NCState Univ 6 6 26 Gy14 x NC-45 NCState Univ 6 6 27 FMX-5018 Ferry-Morse 6 5 28 M 17 NCState Univ 5 7 29 Sun-3533 SunSeeds 5 6 30 Clinton NCState Univ 5 6 31 NC-45 NCState Univ 5 7 32 Wis.SMR 18 Univ. Wis. 4 7 33 NC-46 NCState Univ 4 7 34 Addis NCState Univ 4 6 35 Gy14 x NC-46 NCState Univ 4 6 _________________________________________________________________________________ LSD (5%) 2 2 Mean 6 6 CV (%) 24 15 _________________________________________________________________________________ zCounted on the first 5 nodes of 5 plants per plot (gyn plants have 0 male nodes). ySize rated 1 to 9 (1=very small, 9=very large). xColor rated 1 to 9 (1=yellow, 9=very dark green). Not rated in 1996. Correlation (yield with % male nodes) = 0.52** Correlation (yield with vine size) = 0.36** Table 27. Stage 4 summer pickle trial - disease data (cultigens are ranked by anthracnose resistance)z. _________________________________________________________________________________ Cultivar Seed Anthrac- Rank or line source nose _________________________________________________________________________________ 1 UW 96N Univ. Wis. 3 2 M 21 NCState Univ 3 3 HMX-1463 Harris-Moran 3 4 Wellington PetoSeed 4 5 Raleigh NCState Univ 4 6 XPH-1901 Asgrow Seed 4 7 XPH-1902 Asgrow Seed 4 8 HMX-3469 Harris-Moran 4 9 Johnston NCState Univ 5 10 UW 96K Univ. Wis. 5 11 Clinton NCState Univ 5 12 Addis NCState Univ 5 13 Patton SunSeeds 5 14 WI6632Ex6580A Wis-USDA 5 15 Continental(4934) Ferry-Morse 5 16 Shenandoah(4937) Ferry-Morse 6 17 UW 96E Univ. Wis. 6 18 FMX-5018 Ferry-Morse 6 19 Sun-3533 SunSeeds 6 20 Calypso NCState Univ 6 21 Gy14 x NC-44 NCState Univ 6 22 UW 96M Univ. Wis. 6 23 NC-46 NCState Univ 6 24 NC-45 NCState Univ 7 25 WI6236Ax6469A Wis-USDA 7 26 M 17 NCState Univ 7 27 FMX-5020 Ferry-Morse 7 28 NC-44 NCState Univ 7 29 UW 96L Univ. Wis. 8 30 Vlasstar Asgrow Seed 8 31 WI6558x6763 Wis-USDA 8 32 Gy14 x NC-45 NCState Univ 8 33 Gy14 x NC-46 NCState Univ 8 34 Wis.SMR 18 Univ. Wis. 8 35 HSX-61 HortAg Seed 9 _________________________________________________________________________________ LSD (5%) 2 Mean 6 CV (%) 26 _________________________________________________________________________________ zDisease rated 0 to 9 (0=none, 1-2=trace, 3-4=slight, 5-6=moderate, 7-8=advanced, 9=plant dead). Correlation (yield vs. anthracnose rating) = -0.27** Table 28. Stage 4 summer pickle trial - selection indexes (cultigens ranked by SWI1)z. _________________________________________________________________________________ Cultivar Seed Simple weighted Average rank Rank or line source SWI1 SWI2 ARI1 ARI2 _________________________________________________________________________________ 1 HMX-3469 Harris-Moran 8.1 6.9 9.7 12.1 2 Johnston NCState Univ 8.0 6.8 12.3 13.3 3 Patton SunSeeds 7.6 6.7 10.5 11.0 4 Shenandoah(4937) Ferry-Morse 7.4 6.6 10.8 11.9 5 Raleigh NCState Univ 7.1 6.2 13.7 14.0 6 HMX-1463 Harris-Moran 6.7 6.1 9.2 11.8 7 Wellington PetoSeed 6.7 6.0 12.3 13.8 8 WI6632Ex6580A Wis-USDA 6.6 5.8 16.8 16.9 9 XPH-1901 Asgrow Seed 6.4 5.8 11.5 12.8 10 FMX-5020 Ferry-Morse 6.3 5.9 19.0 16.7 11 UW 96N Univ. Wis. 6.1 5.5 15.3 16.0 12 UW 96K Univ. Wis. 5.9 5.4 17.6 16.7 13 M 21 NCState Univ 5.8 5.3 12.9 15.5 14 Addis NCState Univ 5.6 5.2 13.1 15.4 15 FMX-5018 Ferry-Morse 5.6 5.3 15.1 16.5 16 Gy14 x NC-44 NCState Univ 5.5 5.3 18.7 16.0 17 XPH-1902 Asgrow Seed 5.5 5.3 18.2 17.0 18 Gy14 x NC-46 NCState Univ 5.5 5.1 19.5 18.8 19 Continental(4934) Ferry-Morse 5.4 5.0 18.7 20.3 20 Calypso NCState Univ 5.4 5.2 18.9 16.7 21 Gy14 x NC-45 NCState Univ 5.2 4.9 20.8 21.2 22 UW 96E Univ. Wis. 5.2 5.0 20.2 19.4 23 UW 96L Univ. Wis. 5.1 5.0 20.7 18.5 24 Clinton NCState Univ 5.0 4.7 14.8 17.8 25 Vlasstar Asgrow Seed 4.8 4.5 14.9 18.1 26 NC-45 NCState Univ 4.8 4.5 23.8 21.4 27 WI6558x6763 Wis-USDA 4.7 4.6 18.9 18.4 28 M 17 NCState Univ 4.7 4.3 21.5 20.0 29 UW 96M Univ. Wis. 4.6 4.4 21.4 20.5 30 Sun-3533 SunSeeds 4.6 4.2 21.1 23.0 31 WI6236Ax6469A Wis-USDA 4.4 4.2 25.2 23.1 32 NC-46 NCState Univ 4.2 4.3 23.1 21.6 33 HSX-61 HortAg Seed 3.3 3.5 30.5 28.0 34 NC-44 NCState Univ 2.9 3.3 27.9 26.6 35 Wis.SMR 18 Univ. Wis. 2.4 2.6 31.3 29.7 _________________________________________________________________________________ LSD (5%) 1.9 1.4 6.8 6.1 Mean 5.5 5.1 18.0 18.0 CV (%) 20.9 16.4 23.1 20.9 _________________________________________________________________________________ zSWI is simple weighted index calculated from the performance of a cultigen for yield; earliness; fruit shape, seedcell size and overall impression; and disease resistance. The index is calculated with 2 different methods of weighting each trait (10 is best, 1 is worst). ARI is the average ranking of each cultigen for yield, earliness, fruit quality and disease resistance. The index is calculated with 2 different sets of secondary traits added in with the primary traits (1 is best). Correlation (yield with SWI1) = 0.92** Correlation (yield with ARI1) = -0.50** Slicing Cucumbers Stage 1 Slicing Cucumber Trial 1996 The stage 1 slicer trial was not run this year. Stage 2 Slicing Cucumber Trial 1996 The stage 2 slicer trial was not run this year. Stage 3 Slicing Cucumber Trial 1996 Todd C. Wehner and Tammy L. Ellington Experiment Design 1. A randomized complete block with 3 replications of slicer cultivars and breeding lines (collectively referred to as cultigens) was grown. 2. Plots were single 20 ft. rows with 5 ft. alleys at each end. 3. Rows were on raised 18" beds spaced 60" apart (center to center). 4. Fertilizer consisted of 80-80-80 lb/A (N-P-K) broadcast preplant and 30-0-0 lb/A (N-P-K) sideplaced at the 2 to 4 leaf stage. 5. Curbit was applied preemergence at the rate of 1 lb. a.i./A. 6. The trial was planted 29 April, and harvested 6 times (Mondays and Thursdays) between 17 June through 5 July. Data Collection 1. Fruits were weighed after sorting into No. 1, No. 2 and cull (nubs and crooks) grades according to U.S.D.A. standards. 2. Fruit length, diameter and weight were recorded for 3 fruit per plot. 3. Quality ratings were from 1 to 9, with 1 = worst, 9 = best. 4. Disease ratings were from 0 to 9, with 0 = no disease, 1 = trace, 4 = first stem lesions, 9 = plant dead. Results The following cultigens performed well, and could be advanced to the next stage: 1 FMX-5057 Ferry-Morse 2 Dasher II Petoseed 3 HMX-1433 Harris-Moran 4 Cyclone Asgrow Seed 5 Sprint 440 Asgrow Seed 6 K94-624 Sakata Seed 7 Thunder Asgrow Seed Table 29. Stage 3 spring slicer trial - yield data (cultigens ranked by cwt/A of Fancy + No. 1 grade fruit). _________________________________________________________________________________ Yield (cwt/A) Percent Plants Cultivar Seed Fancy Market- Fancy Percent per A Rank or line source +No.1 able + No.1 culls (X1000) _________________________________________________________________________________ 1 FMX-5057 Ferry-Morse 207 366 39 30 21 2 Dasher II Petoseed 167 259 55 14 13 3 HMX-1433 Harris-Moran 164 292 47 18 14 4 Cyclone Asgrow Seed 156 243 55 14 18 5 Sprint 440 Asgrow Seed 139 250 44 18 9 6 K94-624 Sakata 133 224 49 17 21 7 Straight 8 Check 118 224 44 19 10 8 Tablegreen 72 Cornell 109 192 44 23 14 9 Daytona Petoseed 109 207 38 19 21 10 Lightning(1701) Asgrow Seed 107 185 48 17 6 11 Thunder(1700) Asgrow Seed 102 199 42 18 15 12 Indy Petoseed 101 208 39 22 23 13 Marketmore 86 Cornell 99 172 45 21 20 14 Sun-3718 SunSeeds 98 169 46 21 15 15 HMX-3421 Harris-Moran 98 150 55 15 16 16 FMX-5056 Ferry-Morse 96 174 39 28 22 17 Poinsett 76 Cornell 89 155 51 11 11 18 HMX-0431 Harris-Moran 81 160 39 18 24 19 Sun-3720 SunSeeds 64 139 32 31 21 20 Marketmore 76 Cornell 63 99 61 3 13 21 Ashley Check 28 105 12 27 17 _________________________________________________________________________________ LSD (5%) 107 182 16 13 8 Mean 111 198 44 19 16 CV (%) 58 56 22 41 30 _________________________________________________________________________________ Correlation (marketable yield with % culls) = -0.9NS Table 30. Stage 3 spring slicer trial - earliness data (cultigens ranked by weight of Fancy + No.1 grade fruit in harvests 1 and 2). _________________________________________________________________________________ Cumulative fruit weight & % of total weight (7 harvests) for harvests - Cultivar Seed 1 1-2 1-3 1-4 1-5 Rank or line source wt. % wt. % wt. % wt. % wt. % _________________________________________________________________________________ 1 Sprint 440 Asgrow Seed 42 14 88 34 142 55 166 67 214 86 2 FMX-5056 Ferry-Morse 49 29 81 46 98 57 139 80 158 91 3 Lightning(1701) Asgrow Seed 43 27 80 43 112 63 146 82 156 87 4 Cyclone Asgrow Seed 33 15 70 30 115 49 150 63 197 80 5 Dasher II Petoseed 16 7 70 27 135 52 170 66 205 79 6 HMX-1433 Harris-Moran 10 3 69 20 139 48 195 65 251 83 7 Thunder(1700) Asgrow Seed 41 20 66 34 101 51 144 71 166 83 8 K94-624 Sakata 16 8 64 29 129 57 154 69 185 84 9 FMX-5057 Ferry-Morse 21 11 63 27 228 60 251 66 300 86 10 Daytona Petoseed 14 7 61 23 124 60 149 74 170 84 11 Straight 8 Check 6 2 60 25 104 51 139 62 193 86 12 Indy Petoseed 28 15 55 28 109 53 130 64 168 82 13 Sun-3718 SunSeeds 9 6 47 28 91 56 114 69 135 80 14 Marketmore 86 Cornell 1 1 43 26 80 48 103 60 133 78 15 HMX-0431 Harris-Moran 14 7 41 21 87 51 103 66 130 81 16 HMX-3421 Harris-Moran 3 3 37 26 74 47 94 63 122 82 17 Sun-3720 SunSeeds 4 3 36 28 72 54 97 69 126 91 18 Poinsett 76 Cornell 7 5 31 20 76 49 94 61 122 79 19 Tablegreen 72 Cornell 0 0 27 15 66 39 79 50 120 67 20 Ashley Check 3 2 19 11 43 28 57 38 89 58 21 Marketmore 76 Cornell 0 0 0 0 7 7 36 35 82 83 _________________________________________________________________________________ LSD (5%) 26 11 53 17 107 19 124 19 146 22 Mean 17 9 53 26 102 49 129 64 163 82 CV (%) 93 75 61 41 64 23 58 18 54 16 _________________________________________________________________________________ Correlation (marketable yield with yield in harvests 1-2) = 0.64** Correlation (marketable yield with % of yield in harvests 1-2) = 0.10NS Table 31. Stage 3 spring slicer trial - fruit quality data (cultigens ranked by average quality)z. _________________________________________________________________________________ Cultivar Seed Average Seed- Overall Rank or line source quality Shape Color cell impression _________________________________________________________________________________ 1 HMX-3421 Harris-Moran 7.8 8 9 7 8 2 Marketmore 76 Cornell 7.3 8 7 7 7 3 Dasher II Petoseed 7.0 8 8 7 7 4 Thunder(1700) Asgrow Seed 7.0 8 8 6 7 5 Cyclone Asgrow Seed 7.0 7 8 7 7 6 HMX-0431 Harris-Moran 6.9 7 8 7 7 7 HMX-1433 Harris-Moran 6.8 7 8 7 7 8 K94-624 Sakata 6.4 7 7 6 6 9 FMX-5057 Ferry-Morse 6.3 7 8 6 6 10 Sun-3720 SunSeeds 6.3 7 8 6 6 11 Poinsett 76 Cornell 6.2 8 8 5 6 12 Sprint 440 Asgrow Seed 6.2 7 8 6 6 13 Sun-3718 SunSeeds 6.1 7 7 6 6 14 Indy Petoseed 6.1 7 8 5 6 15 Marketmore 86 Cornell 6.1 5 8 7 6 16 FMX-5056 Ferry-Morse 5.8 6 6 6 6 17 Daytona Petoseed 5.8 6 8 6 5 18 Tablegreen 72 Cornell 5.6 5 7 6 5 19 Lightning(1701) Asgrow Seed 5.4 6 7 5 5 20 Straight 8 Check 5.2 5 4 6 4 21 Ashley Check 4.6 4 4 5 4 _________________________________________________________________________________ LSD (5%) 1.0 1 1 2 2 Mean 6.3 7 7 6 6 CV (%) 10.0 11 10 18 15 _________________________________________________________________________________ zQuality rated 1 to 9 (1 = poor, 5 = average, 9 = excellent; except color where 1 = white, 5 = medium green, 9 = very dark green). Correlation (marketable yield with average quality) = 0.16NS Table 32. Stage 3 spring slicer trial - fruit dimensions and comments (cultigens ranked by average quality rating)z. _________________________________________________________________________________ Cultivar Seed Length Diameter Wt. Defect1 Defect2 Rank or line source (0.1") (0.1") (lb.) 2 4 6 2 4 6 _________________________________________________________________________________ 1 HMX-3421 Harris-Moran 8.2 2.0 0.77 K K K C K T 2 Marketmore 76 Cornell 8.5 2.0 0.81 L L K K K I 3 Dasher II Petoseed 8.1 1.9 0.69 H K K K K O 4 Thunder(1700) Asgrow Seed 7.6 1.9 0.73 T H H K K T 5 Cyclone Asgrow Seed 8.8 2.0 0.85 K D D K K O 6 HMX-0431 Harris-Moran 8.0 2.0 0.72 K K T T H H 7 HMX-1433 Harris-Moran 8.2 1.9 0.64 T T T K K K 8 K94-624 Sakata 8.2 2.1 0.78 T H O K K H 9 FMX-5057 Ferry-Morse 7.9 2.1 0.74 S K H K H T 10 Sun-3720 SunSeeds 8.3 2.1 0.77 D K H T K C 11 Poinsett 76 Cornell 7.9 2.0 0.70 P H H H K D 12 Sprint 440 Asgrow Seed 7.9 2.0 0.74 H H H T K 0 13 Sun-3718 SunSeeds 7.5 2.1 0.66 H K O K H H 14 Indy Petoseed 8.1 2.0 0.72 T H T H K H 15 Marketmore 86 Cornell 7.8 2.0 0.74 H D H K H J 16 FMX-5056 Ferry-Morse 7.4 2.0 0.65 S H H P T O 17 Daytona Petoseed 7.7 1.9 0.63 K H T T K H 18 Tablegreen 72 Cornell 7.9 2.0 0.73 H M M T H D 19 Lightning(1701) Asgrow Seed 8.3 2.1 0.58 O T O K H P 20 Straight 8 Check 8.4 2.0 0.86 M W W I M I 21 Ashley Check 7.1 1.9 0.58 M M M C D T _________________________________________________________________________________ LSD (5%) 0.8 0.2 0.21 Mean 8.0 2.0 0.72 CV (%) 6.2 6.7 18.10 _________________________________________________________________________________ zDefects were rated as follows (giving primary and secondary for each harvest): A - wArty fruit J - S - Separated carpels B - Blossom end defects K - Keep(excellent) T - Tapered ends C - Crooks excessive L - Late maturity U - Uniform green D - Dogbone shape M - Mottled fruit V - Varicolor (dark stem E - Early maturity N - Nubs excessive end, light blossom end) F - Four celled O - Offtype fruit W - White fruit G - lonG fruit P - Placental hollows X - neCKS on fruit H - sHort fruit Q - Y - Yellow fruit I - strIped fruit R - Reject (poor) Z - diSeased fruit Table 33. Stage 3 spring slicer trial - fruit keeping ability data (cultigens are ranked by % weight loss). _________________________________________________________________________________ Weight Rating (0 - 9)y Firm- Cultivar Seed loss Shriv- Rots & ness Rank or line source (%)z eling disease (lb.)x _________________________________________________________________________________ 1 HMX-3421 Harris-Moran 10 3 5 15 2 Marketmore 76 Cornell 19 5 5 17 3 Dasher II Petoseed 10 2 1 15 4 Thunder(1700) Asgrow Seed 12 2 1 18 5 Cyclone Asgrow Seed 10 2 2 15 6 HMX-0431 Harris-Moran 12 2 1 17 7 HMX-1433 Harris-Moran 13 2 1 15 8 K94-624 Sakata 10 2 1 16 9 FMX-5057 Ferry-Morse 9 2 3 17 10 Sun-3720 SunSeeds 13 2 1 16 11 Poinsett 76 Cornell 15 3 3 15 12 Sprint 440 Asgrow Seed 16 2 2 15 13 Sun-3718 SunSeeds 12 2 1 15 14 Indy Petoseed 14 2 1 16 15 Marketmore 86 Cornell 17 2 2 15 16 FMX-5056 Ferry-Morse 13 2 3 14 17 Daytona Petoseed 11 3 2 15 18 Tablegreen 72 Cornell 16 2 1 15 19 Lightning(1701) Asgrow Seed 11 3 6 14 20 Straight 8 Check 14 3 1 15 21 Ashley Check 20 3 3 17 _________________________________________________________________________________ LSD (5%) 8 2 3 3 Mean 13 2 2 16 CV (%) 36 5 87 12 _________________________________________________________________________________ zAfter storage at room temperature for 8 days in open kraft paper bags. yShriveling & disease rated 0-9 (0=none, 1-3=slight, 4-6=moderate, 7-9=advanced). xFirmness after storage using Magness-Taylor fruit punch tester. Correlation (weight loss with shriveling) = 0.28* Correlation (weight loss with firmness) = -0.23NS Table 34. Stage 3 spring slicer trial - sex expression and vine data (cultigens ranked by increasing maleness). _________________________________________________________________________________ Early Earli- Cultivar Seed Gyn. yield ness Vine Vine Rank or line source ratingz (cwt/A)y (%)x sizew colorw _________________________________________________________________________________ 1 HMX-0431 Harris-Moran 9 41 21 7 6 2 Sun-3720 SunSeeds 9 36 28 7 5 3 K94-624 Sakata 9 64 29 7 6 4 FMX-5057 Ferry-Morse 9 63 27 7 8 5 Indy Petoseed 9 55 28 7 8 6 Sun-3718 SunSeeds 8 47 28 7 7 7 Daytona Petoseed 8 61 23 7 8 8 Sprint 440 Asgrow Seed 8 88 34 7 8 9 FMX-5056 Ferry-Morse 8 81 46 7 8 10 Thunder(1700) Asgrow Seed 8 66 34 7 7 11 HMX-1433 Harris-Moran 7 69 20 7 6 12 Dasher II Petoseed 7 70 27 7 7 13 Lightning(1701) Asgrow Seed 7 80 43 6 8 14 HMX-3421 Harris-Moran 6 37 26 8 8 15 Straight 8 Check 5 60 25 7 7 16 Cyclone Asgrow Seed 5 70 30 7 6 17 Poinsett 76 Cornell 5 31 20 7 8 18 Tablegreen 72 Cornell 5 27 15 8 7 19 Ashley Check 5 19 11 5 6 20 Marketmore 86 Cornell 4 43 26 6 8 21 Marketmore 76 Cornell 3 0 0 7 7 _________________________________________________________________________________ LSD (5%) 2 53 17 1 1 Mean 7 53 26 7 7 CV (%) 17 61 41 11 11 _________________________________________________________________________________ zCounted on first 5 nodes of 5 plants per plot (gynoecious plants should have few or no male nodes). yEarly yield is the weight of Fancy+No.1 grade fruit produced in harvests 1 and 2. xEarliness is the percent of the yield (Fancy + No.1 grade fruit) of 6 harvests that was produced in harvests 1 and 2. wVine size & color are rated 1 (small or yellow green) to 9 (large or dark green). Correlation (marketable yield with % male nodes) = 0.17NS Table 35. Stage 3 spring slicer trial - disease ratings (cultigens ranked by anthracnose resistance)z. _________________________________________________________________________________ Cultivar Seed Anthrac- Rank or line source nose _________________________________________________________________________________ 1 HMX-0431 Harris-Moran 0 2 Sun-3720 SunSeeds 0 3 K94-624 Sakata 0 4 FMX-5057 Ferry-Morse 0 5 Indy Petoseed 0 6 Sun-3718 SunSeeds 0 7 Daytona Petoseed 0 8 Sprint 440 Asgrow Seed 0 9 FMX-5056 Ferry-Morse 0 10 Thunder(1700) Asgrow Seed 0 11 HMX-1433 Harris-Moran 0 12 Dasher II Petoseed 0 13 Lightning(1701) Asgrow Seed 0 14 HMX-3421 Harris-Moran 0 15 Straight 8 Check 0 16 Cyclone Asgrow Seed 0 17 Poinsett 76 Cornell 0 18 Tablegreen 72 Cornell 0 19 Ashley Check 0 20 Marketmore 86 Cornell 0 21 Marketmore 76 Cornell 0 _________________________________________________________________________________ LSD (5%) 0 Mean 0 CV (%) 0 _________________________________________________________________________________ zDisease rated 0 to 9 (0=none, 1-2=trace, 3-4=slight, 5-6=moderate, 7-8=advanced, 9=plant dead). Correlation (marketable yield with anthracnose rating) = ?** Table 36. Stage 3 spring slicer trial - selection indexes (cultigens ranked by SWI1)z. _________________________________________________________________________________ Simple weighted Average rank Cultivar Seed indexes indexes___ Rank or line source SWI1 SWI2 ARI1 ARI2 _________________________________________________________________________________ 1 FMX-5057 Ferry-Morse 7.9 7.3 9.5 9.5 2 Dasher II Petoseed 7.5 6.8 7.5 8.0 3 HMX-1433 Harris-Moran 7.4 6.7 8.6 9.1 4 Cyclone Asgrow Seed 7.3 6.7 7.6 8.2 5 Sprint 440 Asgrow Seed 7.3 6.6 10.3 9.6 6 K94-624 Sakata 6.7 6.2 9.5 9.4 7 Thunder(1700) Asgrow Seed 6.6 6.1 8.8 9.1 8 Lightning(1701) Asgrow Seed 6.3 5.9 12.5 11.0 9 Daytona Petoseed 6.2 5.7 12.2 11.6 10 FMX-5056 Ferry-Morse 6.2 5.9 11.5 10.4 11 HMX-3421 Harris-Moran 6.1 5.9 8.3 9.7 12 Indy Petoseed 6.1 5.7 11.5 10.9 13 Straight 8 Check 6.0 5.5 13.2 12.8 14 Sun-3718 SunSeeds 5.9 5.5 12.1 11.8 15 Marketmore 86 Cornell 5.8 5.5 12.3 12.1 16 HMX-0431 Harris-Moran 5.8 5.4 9.7 10.5 17 Poinsett 76 Cornell 5.5 5.3 12.2 12.7 18 Tablegreen 72 Cornell 5.5 5.2 13.1 12.7 19 Sun-3720 SunSeeds 5.3 5.1 12.6 12.5 20 Marketmore 76 Cornell 4.8 4.6 10.9 12.8 21 Ashley Check 3.8 3.7 17.3 16.6 _________________________________________________________________________________ LSD (5%) 2.4 1.9 4.0 3.9 Mean 6.2 5.8 11.0 11.0 CV (%) 23.2 19.8 22.4 21.4 _________________________________________________________________________________ zSWI is simple weighted index calculated from the performance of a cultigen for yield; earliness; fruit shape, seedcell size and overall impression; and disease resistance. The index is calculated with 2 different methods of weighting each trait (10 is best, 1 is worst). ARI is the average ranking of each cultigen for yield, earliness, fruit quality and disease resistance. The index is calculated with 2 different sets of secondary traits added in with the primary traits (1 is best). Correlation (marketable yield with SWI1) = 0.92** Correlation (marketable yield with ARI1) = -0.54** Stage 4 Slicing Cucumber Trial 1996 Todd C. Wehner and Tammy L. Ellington Experiment Design 1. A randomized complete block with 3 replications of slicer cultivars and breeding lines (collectively referred to as cultigens) was grown. 2. Plots were single 20 ft. rows with 5 ft. alleys at each end. 3. Rows were on raised 18" beds spaced 60" apart (center to center). 4. Fertilizer consisted of 80-80-80 lb/A (N-P-K) broadcast preplant and 30-0-0 lb/A (N-P-K) sideplaced at the 2 to 4 leaf stage. 5. Curbit was applied preemergence at the rate of 1 lb. a.i./A. 6. The trial was planted 18 July, and harvested 3 times (Mondays and Thursdays) between 29 August through 5 September. The trial was ended by hurricane Fran. Data Collection 1. Fruit were weighed after sorting into No. 1, No. 2 and cull (nubs and crooks) grades according to U.S.D.A. standards. 2. Fruit length, diameter and weight were recorded for 3 fruit per plot. 3. Quality ratings were from 1 to 9, with 1 = worst, 9 = best. 4. Disease ratings were from 0 to 9, with 0 = no disease, 1 = trace, 4 = first stem lesions, 9 = plant dead. Results The following cultigens performed well, and could be advanced to the next stage: 1 Raleigh NC State Univ (check) 1 K94-624 Sakata Seed 2 Daytona Petoseed 3 HMX-0431 Harris-Moran 4 Sprint 440 Asgrow Seed 5 Dasher II Petoseed 6 Thunder Asgrow Seed 7 FMX-5056 Ferry-Morse Table 37. Stage 4 summer slicer trial - yield data (cultigens ranked by cwt/A of Fancy + No. 1 grade fruit). _________________________________________________________________________________ Yield (cwt/A) Percent Plants Cultivar Seed Fancy Market- Fancy Percent per A Rank or line source +No.1 able + No.1 culls (X1000) _________________________________________________________________________________ 1 Daytona Petoseed 55 91 33 43 26 2 K94-624 Sakata 50 97 36 34 26 3 HMX-0431 Harris-Moran 45 77 35 39 26 4 Dasher II Petoseed 44 83 23 44 26 5 Sprint 440 Asgrow Seed 41 67 30 49 26 6 Thunder(1700) Asgrow Seed 34 78 19 52 26 7 FMX-5057 Ferry-Morse 32 61 23 55 26 8 Indy Petoseed 27 49 24 46 26 9 Sun-3718 SunSeeds 27 57 20 50 26 10 FMX-5056 Ferry-Morse 25 65 11 66 26 11 Lightning(1701) Asgrow Seed 24 40 20 59 25 12 Poinsett 76 Cornell 21 55 26 31 26 13 HMX-3421 Harris-Moran 18 34 37 36 26 14 HMX-1433 Harris-Moran 12 36 17 48 26 15 Cyclone Asgrow Seed 12 21 28 46 26 16 Sun-3720 SunSeeds 8 20 15 73 26 17 Marketmore 76 Cornell 7 13 9 73 26 18 Straight 8 Check 5 14 5 87 26 19 Ashley Check 4 9 12 75 25 _________________________________________________________________________________ LSD (5%) 38 63 22 28 1 Mean 26 51 22 53 26 CV (%) 89 75 59 32 3 _________________________________________________________________________________ Correlation (marketable yield with % culls) = -0.63** Table 38. Stage 4 summer slicer trial - earliness data (cultigens ranked by weight of Fancy + No.1 grade fruit in harvests 1 and 2). _________________________________________________________________________________ Cumulative fruit weight & % of total weight (7 harvests) for harvests - Cultivar Seed 1 1-2 1-3 1-4 1-5 Rank or line source wt. % wt. % wt. % wt. % wt. % _________________________________________________________________________________ 1 K94-624 Sakata 44 34 82 70 88 78 97 100 97 100 2 Daytona Petoseed 39 23 68 46 80 69 91 100 91 100 3 HMX-0431 Harris-Moran 34 32 66 79 71 89 77 100 77 100 4 Thunder(1700) Asgrow Seed 36 29 66 62 71 76 78 100 78 100 5 Sprint 440 Asgrow Seed 44 50 59 86 61 88 67 100 67 100 6 FMX-5056 Ferry-Morse 45 27 59 72 63 92 65 100 65 100 7 Dasher II Petoseed 36 23 54 43 73 82 83 100 83 100 8 FMX-5057 Ferry-Morse 32 43 54 85 56 90 61 100 61 100 9 Sun-3718 SunSeeds 32 38 48 81 53 96 57 100 57 100 10 Indy Petoseed 19 24 37 56 45 89 49 100 49 100 11 Lightning(1701) Asgrow Seed 20 43 37 73 38 86 40 100 40 100 12 Poinsett 76 Cornell 6 6 24 25 39 55 55 100 55 100 13 HMX-3421 Harris-Moran 3 7 22 61 26 72 34 100 34 100 14 Cyclone Asgrow Seed 3 7 17 86 19 94 21 100 21 100 15 HMX-1433 Harris-Moran 5 15 17 47 25 70 36 100 36 100 16 Sun-3720 SunSeeds 2 4 15 67 18 73 20 100 20 100 17 Straight 8 Check 8 18 13 30 13 30 14 33 14 33 18 Marketmore 76 Cornell 0 0 11 63 13 67 13 67 13 67 19 Ashley Check 2 6 6 22 9 32 9 33 9 33 _________________________________________________________________________________ LSD (5%) 45 31 60 44 62 40 63 36 63 36 Mean 22 22 40 60 45 75 51 91 51 91 CV (%) 127 82 92 44 83 31 75 24 75 24 _________________________________________________________________________________ Correlation (marketable yield with yield in harvests 1-2) = 0.98** Correlation (marketable yield with % of yield in harvests 1-2) = 0.51** Table 39. Stage 4 summer slicer trial - fruit quality data (cultigens ranked by average quality)z. _________________________________________________________________________________ Cultivar Seed Average Seed- Overall Rank or line source quality Shape Color cell impression _________________________________________________________________________________ 1 K94-624 Sakata 7.7 8 8 7 8 2 Daytona Petoseed 7.6 8 8 7 8 3 HMX-0431 Harris-Moran 7.1 7 8 7 7 4 HMX-1433 Harris-Moran 6.8 7 8 6 7 5 Indy Petoseed 6.8 6 8 6 8 6 Sprint 440 Asgrow Seed 6.6 7 8 6 7 7 HMX-3421 Harris-Moran 6.6 7 8 6 7 8 Dasher II Petoseed 6.3 6 8 6 7 9 Thunder(1700) Asgrow Seed 6.1 7 8 5 7 10 Poinsett 76 Cornell 6.1 6 8 6 6 11 Marketmore 76 Cornell 6.0 5 7 6 6 12 Cyclone Asgrow Seed 5.8 7 8 5 6 13 FMX-5056 Ferry-Morse 5.7 6 8 5 6 14 FMX-5057 Ferry-Morse 5.6 6 8 4 6 15 Lightning(1701) Asgrow Seed 5.3 6 8 5 5 16 Sun-3720 SunSeeds 5.3 5 7 5 5 17 Ashley Check 5.2 6 7 4 6 18 Sun-3718 SunSeeds 5.1 6 8 4 5 19 Straight 8 Check 4.2 4 4 5 4 _________________________________________________________________________________ LSD (5%) 1.1 1 1 2 1 Mean 6.1 6 8 6 6 CV (%) 11.0 13 9 19 11 _________________________________________________________________________________ zQuality rated 1 to 9 (1 = poor, 5 = average, 9 = excellent; except color where 1 = white, 5 = medium green, 9 = very dark green). Correlation (marketable yield with average quality) = 0.28* Table 40. Stage 4 summer slicer trial - fruit dimensions and comments (cultigens ranked by average quality rating)z. _________________________________________________________________________________ Cultivar Seed Length Diameter Wt. Defect1° Defect2° Rank or line source (0.1") (0.1") (lb.) 2 4 6 2 4 6 _________________________________________________________________________________ 1 K94-624 Sakata 7.5 2.0 0.77 K K K T K T 2 Daytona Petoseed 8.2 2.0 0.85 G K K K T T 3 HMX-0431 Harris-Moran 8.0 2.0 0.76 T K K K N T 4 HMX-1433 Harris-Moran 7.4 1.9 0.57 T K T H K K 5 Indy Petoseed 7.7 2.0 0.77 T C K C K T 6 Sprint 440 Asgrow Seed 7.2 2.1 0.64 H T K T N T 7 HMX-3421 Harris-Moran 7.5 2.0 0.62 K K D T T K 8 Dasher II Petoseed 7.3 1.9 0.61 T C D K T K 9 Thunder(1700) Asgrow Seed 7.6 1.9 0.67 K H T T T D 10 Poinsett 76 Cornell 7.3 1.9 0.68 T D T D T K 11 Marketmore 76 Cornell 6.9 1.9 0.59 T X T K C N 12 Cyclone Asgrow Seed 7.7 1.4 0.44 D H N G C T 13 FMX-5056 Ferry-Morse 6.9 1.9 0.54 M N C X C T 14 FMX-5057 Ferry-Morse 6.7 1.9 0.53 H N T K C H 15 Lightning(1701) Asgrow Seed 7.4 1.9 0.68 T T D H N T 16 Sun-3720 SunSeeds 7.3 1.8 0.54 T N M D N D 17 Ashley Check 7.0 1.9 0.73 T T D M M T 18 Sun-3718 SunSeeds 6.5 1.9 0.58 H C D T N T 19 Straight 8 Check 7.2 2.1 0.76 M I M I X N _________________________________________________________________________________ LSD (5%) 0.9 0.4 0.24 Mean 7.3 2.0 0.65 CV (%) 7.7 11.6 22.66 _________________________________________________________________________________ zDefects were rated as follows (giving primary and secondary for each harvest): A - wArty fruit J - S - Separated carpels B - Blossom end defects K - Keep(excellent) T - Tapered ends C - Crooks excessive L - Late maturity U - Uniform green D - Dogbone shape M - Mottled fruit V - Varicolor (dark stem E - Early maturity N - Nubs excessive end, light blossom end) F - Four celled O - Offtype fruit W - White fruit G - lonG fruit P - Placental hollows X - neCKS on fruit H - sHort fruit Q - Y - Yellow fruit I - strIped fruit R - Reject (poor) Z - diSeased fruit Table 41. Stage 4 summer slicer trial - sex expression and vine data (cultigens ranked by increasing maleness). _________________________________________________________________________________ Early Earli- Cultivar Seed Gyn. yield ness Vine Rank or line source ratingz (cwt/A)y (%)x sizew _________________________________________________________________________________ 1 FMX-5056 Ferry-Morse 7 59 72 7 2 FMX-5057 Ferry-Morse 7 54 85 7 3 Thunder(1700) Asgrow Seed 7 66 62 7 4 HMX-0431 Harris-Moran 6 66 79 7 5 Sun-3718 SunSeeds 6 48 81 7 6 Sprint 440 Asgrow Seed 6 59 86 6 7 Sun-3720 SunSeeds 6 15 67 6 8 Lightning(1701) Asgrow Seed 6 37 73 7 9 K94-624 Sakata 6 82 70 7 10 HMX-1433 Harris-Moran 6 17 47 7 11 Dasher II Petoseed 6 54 43 6 12 Daytona Petoseed 5 68 46 7 13 Indy Petoseed 5 37 56 7 14 HMX-3421 Harris-Moran 4 22 61 8 15 Poinsett 76 Cornell 4 24 25 8 16 Marketmore 76 Cornell 4 11 63 7 17 Ashley Check 4 6 22 7 18 Cyclone Asgrow Seed 4 17 86 5 19 Straight 8 Check 3 13 30 7 _________________________________________________________________________________ LSD (5%) 2 60 44 1 Mean 5 40 60 7 CV (%) 28 92 44 12 _________________________________________________________________________________ zCounted on first 5 nodes of 5 plants per plot (gynoecious plants should have few or no male nodes). yEarly yield is the weight of Fancy+No.1 grade fruit produced in harvests 1 and 2. xEarliness is the percent of the yield (Fancy + No.1 grade fruit) of 6 harvests that was produced in harvests 1 and 2. wVine size & color are rated 1 (small or yellow green) to 9 (large or dark green). Correlation (marketable yield with % male nodes) = 0.59** Table 42. Stage 4 summer slicer trial - disease ratings (cultigens ranked by anthracnose resistance)z. _________________________________________________________________________________ Cultivar Seed Rank or line source Anthracnose _________________________________________________________________________________ 1 Poinsett 76 Cornell 4.0 2 Sprint 440 Asgrow Seed 5.7 3 K94-624 Sakata 6.0 4 Dasher II Petoseed 6.0 5 Daytona Petoseed 6.0 6 Indy Petoseed 6.0 7 HMX-3421 Harris-Moran 6.0 8 Lightning(1701) Asgrow Seed 6.3 9 HMX-1433 Harris-Moran 6.3 10 Cyclone Asgrow Seed 6.3 11 FMX-5056 Ferry-Morse 6.7 12 FMX-5057 Ferry-Morse 6.7 13 Sun-3718 SunSeeds 6.7 14 Ashley Check 6.7 15 Thunder(1700) Asgrow Seed 7.0 16 HMX-0431 Harris-Moran 7.0 17 Marketmore 76 Cornell 7.3 18 Straight 8 Check 7.7 19 Sun-3720 SunSeeds 8.0 _________________________________________________________________________________ LSD (5%) 1.5 Mean 6.4 CV (%) 14.0 _________________________________________________________________________________ zDisease rated 0 to 9 (0=none, 1-2=trace, 3-4=slight, 5-6=moderate, 7-8=advanced, 9=plant dead). Correlation (marketable yield with anthracnose rating) = -0.20NS Table 43. Stage 4 summer slicer trial - selection indexes cultigens ranked by SWI1)z. _________________________________________________________________________________ Simple weighted Average rank Cultivar Seed indexes indexes Rank or line source SWI1 SWI2 ARI1 ARI2 _________________________________________________________________________________ 1 K94-624 Sakata 5.2 5.3 4.3 5.1 2 Daytona Petoseed 5.0 4.8 4.9 6.1 3 HMX-0431 Harris-Moran 4.5 4.9 6.8 7.4 4 Sprint 440 Asgrow Seed 4.4 4.9 7.4 7.1 5 Dasher II Petoseed 4.3 4.2 8.8 9.0 6 Thunder(1700) Asgrow Seed 4.2 4.3 9.7 9.6 7 FMX-5056 Ferry-Morse 3.8 4.2 11.2 10.5 8 Indy Petoseed 3.8 4.2 7.8 8.2 9 FMX-5057 Ferry-Morse 3.8 4.4 9.7 9.0 10 Poinsett 76 Cornell 3.7 3.7 9.0 9.0 11 Sun-3718 SunSeeds 3.5 4.1 11.7 10.5 12 HMX-3421 Harris-Moran 3.4 4.0 8.3 8.7 13 Lightning(1701) Asgrow Seed 3.4 4.0 12.2 11.2 14 HMX-1433 Harris-Moran 3.3 3.7 8.6 9.1 15 Cyclone Asgrow Seed 3.0 4.0 10.9 10.5 16 Marketmore 76 Cornell 2.6 3.3 13.1 13.3 17 Sun-3720 SunSeeds 2.5 3.2 14.3 14.3 18 Ashley Check 2.4 2.6 14.7 15.1 19 Straight 8 Check 2.0 2.2 16.6 16.3 _________________________________________________________________________________ LSD (5%) 1.5 1.3 3.3 3.3 Mean 3.6 4.0 10.0 10.0 CV (%) 25.0 20.0 20.0 20.1 _________________________________________________________________________________ zSWI is simple weighted index calculated from the performance of a cultigen for yield; earliness; fruit shape, seedcell size and overall impression; and disease resistance. The index is calculated with 2 different methods of weighting each trait (10 is best, 1 is worst). ARI is the average ranking of each cultigen for yield, earliness, fruit quality and disease resistance. The index is calculated with 2 different sets of secondary traits added in with the primary traits (1 is best). Correlation (marketable yield with SWI1) = 0.97** Correlation (marketable yield with ARI1) = -0.49**